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The dwarf and the donkey, Star and Orange: domestic passenger cars, which nobody knew

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In this article we continue the story about the world’s only, unique, obscure and long forgotten experienced domestic carsfrom the late 1960s until the beginning of the XXI century in single samples collected in the design office of a large automobile and automotive engines research Institute.

Moscow “Stars” of the brand “Moskvich”

Withthe game a fruitful stage of development of the Moscow plant of small cars (MZMA) are considered the 1960-ies, when young designers, and the designers started to work actively on new and constantly updated collections of cars “Moskvich”, which was in great demand in the Soviet Union and first went to export.

In the spring of 1967 to extend the promising lineup MZMA (from 1968 — AZLK — Automobile plant named after Lenin Komsomol) began implementation of the program of creation of future serial cars with different components and cutting-edge design. And at first, their experienced versions collected in one or two instances, amounting to a small family with a strange factory marking of “3-5-0”. The first two digits meant the scheduled time of their release — 1973-1975, the third pointed to the sequence number of the next model.

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The first car brand Star. In the background is a tester AZLK Olga Kochneva. November 1969.

The first viable vehicle in this family was a 96-horsepower sedan AZLK “Moskvich 3-5-2“, assembled and tested at the end of 1969. In view of conspiracy at its front grille adorned with the emblem of Star (“Star”), which invariably attracted the attention of motorists who have never experienced overseas auto and jointly decide the important question, “What is this car?” Now the secret can be opened: this was an experimental, slightly enhanced version of “Moskvich-408” with a 1.7-liter engine and rectangular headlights. The second was the utility of universal 3-5-3, also bore the brand of Star. In 1971 they added a third Star — the 81-HP sedan 3-5-4 with large Windows in the front grille.

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Automotive

Compact Brilliance V3 has arrived to the Russians in the pre-reform

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Brilliance v3. В таком обличье паркетник дебютировал весной 2015 года на Шанхайском автошоу, в нём же он прибыл в Россию. Длина, ширина, высота — 4200×1790×1600 мм, колёсная база — 2570 мм. Дорожный просвет — 170 мм. Объём багажника варьируется в пределах 455–1200 л. Размерность шин — 215/60 R17.

Konstantin Bolotov, 6 hours ago. Photo: Brilliance

In this form, the SUV debuted in the spring of 2015 at the Shanghai auto show, it is he arrived in Russia. Length, width, height — 4200×1790×1600 mm, wheelbase — 2570 mm, ground clearance — 170 mm. the Volume of the trunk varies 455-1200 L. tire size — 215/60 R17.

Crossover Brilliance V3 was supposed to enter the Russian market in 2016, and the Chinese were talking about a local Assembly in the Circassian Derways. It did not happen. A new attempt was crowned with success: the CD arrived with front-wheel drive, petrol aspirated 1.5 (107 HP, 145 N•m), five-speed “mechanics” and “automatic”. Basic Comfort is 839 000. Two pedal drive version begins with 899 000. Performance Deluxe will cost 939 879 000 or 000.

The salon is in any case finished “in fabric”, and the steering wheel is adjustable only for height (“database” doesn’t have any buttons). Media center with seven-inch display is the prerogative of the Deluxe variant. But by default, there are heated front seats, side mirrors (electric) and rear window.

Standard equipment includes two airbags, ABS, ESP, assistant at startup on the rise, halogen headlights with led running lights, air conditioning, music c, four speakers, rear Parking sensors. In the “Deluxe” list complement the multifunction steering wheel, media system with smartphone connection via Bluetooth, rear view camera, cruise control and silver decor. A set of clearly outdated, for example, “climate” is not in principle. After all, V3 has reached Russia too long. How is the Marshak? During a way the dog could…

…and could be the generation to change, but the Brilliance V3 was content to restyling, and another in 2017. Now in China the SUV is offered with new headlights and lamps, grille and bumpers, reshaped area and vertical “TV” on the 10 inch.

Yes, after you upgrade a “dog” rose, and in design and technology, and length (40 mm to 4240), and wide (on the 13th, to 1803). The motor in the restyled SUV, however, is the same, but along with atmospheric a supercharged version (150 HP, 220 N•m). Price range in China from 65 to 102 700 700 yuan (663-973 thousand). According Carsalesbase.com the model was at its peak in 2016, when separated 103 342 pieces. Then demand fell sharply: 2017 — 25 121 unit 2018 — 12 528 car. However, in the first half of 2019, the noticeable revival: from January to July, has already sold 11 569 crossovers. Recall, the brand Brilliance known thanks to cooperation with BMW.

Model and accessories Motor (horsepower, HP), transmission* Price, RUB.
Renault Duster Access 1.6 (114), MT5 719 000
Chery Tiggo 3 Comfort 1.6 (126), МТ6 799 900
Lifan X70 Basic 2.0 (136), MT5 829 000
Brilliance V3 Comfort 1.5 (107), MT5 839 000
Changan CS35 Comfort 1.6 (113), MT5 869 900
Chery Tiggo 4 Start 2.0 (122), MT5 899 900
Renault Kaptur Life 1.6 (114), MT5 945 000
FAW Besturn X40 Basic 1.6 (108), MT5 949 000
Nissan Terrano Comfort 1.6 (114), MT5 955 000
Hyundai Grand Start 1.6 (123), МТ6 957 000
Changan CS35 Plus Comfort 1.6 (117), MT5 969 900
Chery Tiggo 5 Connected 2.0 (136), MT5 999 900
Renault Arkana Life 1.6 (114), МТ6 1 015 000
Kia Soul Classic 1.6 (123), МТ6 1 029 900
Geely Atlas Standard 2.0 (139), МТ6 1 114 990
Suzuki Vitara GL 1.6 (117), MT5 1 199 000
* MT5, -6—, five-, six-speed manual transmission.

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Automotive

Hatch Hyundai Veloster RM19 returned the stamp for a mid-scheme

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Hyundai veloster,Hyundai veloster rm19,Hyundai rm19. Расположение двигателя выдаёт воздухозаборник на месте заднего бокового окна (справа установлен такой же). Гоночная ливрея подражает раскраске раллийной модели i20 Coupe WRC. За дисками OZ Racing видны шести- и четырёхпоршневые суппорты Brembo.

Leonid Popov, 2 hours ago. Photo: Stefan Baldauf/SB-Medien, Hyundai, veloster.org, wikimedia.org

The engine produces an intake on the rear side Windows (right the same). Racing livery mimics the coloring of a rally model i20 WRC Coupe. With the wheels OZ Racing visible six – and four-piston calipers Brembo.

The project of creation of a low volume mid-engined sports car Hyundai alive and new development. This is evidenced by pictures of the prototype Hyundai Veloster RM19, redrawn from the hatchback Hyundai Veloster current (second) generation. It is too early to talk about the motor, mounted behind the backs of the front seats, we did forecast: according to previous show-cars, there should be no less than 300 “horses”.

Still mid-engined hatchbacks: concepts Hyundai Veloster Midship (RM) 2014 (turboservice Theta 2.0 T-GDI at 300 HP) Hyundai RM15 2015 (the motor is the same) and Hyundai RM16 2016 (the same supercharged “four”, but with an electric boost at the same power at 300 HP).

Prior to this prototype, the range of concepts of the RM stood for Midship Racing and made it clear that such models are designed with an eye on the race. However, according to Evo magazine, this car can turn and the road variation, albeit with a small circulation. If the plan works, it will turn out that the long-desired halo-car sub-brand N, which is last summer, says the head of the Motorsport Department Hyundai Thomas Chimera.

Rear wing borrowed from the racing Veloster N TCR 2019. The similarity of the aerodynamic components ends. Have a Hyundai Veloster RM19 huge ventilation openings in the rear bumper and diffuser hypertrophied, extending far beyond the bumper.

According to Chemery, sports sub-brand Hyundai car is necessary, specific and unique for him. The mid-engined three-door may well play such a role. Judging by early tests, the final form RM19 (the name is conditional), we will see only in 2020. we will Add that much earlier, in September of this year, the company will introduce electric car racing, we can assume, based on the piatigorski Hyundai i30.

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Automotive

Electric Porsche Taycan passed 3425 km per day

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Porsche taycan. Во время необычного теста температура воздуха доходила до 42 градусов по Цельсию, а асфальта — до 54°, предъявляя жёсткие требования к выносливости и надёжности электрической начинки. Тем более что машина шла на высокой скорости.

Leonid Popov, 38 minutes ago. Photo: Porsche, Stefan Baldauf/SB-Medien

During an unusual test, the temperature reached 42 degrees Celsius, while the asphalt — to 54°, showing strict requirements to the endurance and reliability of electric fillings. The more that the car was going at high speed.

About the model Porsche Taycan we know a lot already. Key parameters (more than 600 forces and 500 km on a single charge) have already been made. The appearance of the machine, whose debut is scheduled for the fourth of September, revealed almost completely. Still, the Germans managed to surprise another number: on the newly renovated track of nardò in Italy pre-production Taycan passed 3425 km in 24 hours. How long have we wondered 1618 kilometres per day at the Renault Zoe?

Speed on the track was 195-215 km/h, made short stops for recharging and a change of pilot, and their view of the average amounted to almost 143. (Funny, but the fake exhaust pipes are still not removed.)

For fast charging of the traction battery on the ring of nardò used 800-volt charging station DC Porsche Engineering Group, identical to those columns that are involved in SP Ionity, the new European operator of charging networks. This company intends to build hundreds of quick chargers on major highways of Europe at intervals of 120 km.

The manufacturer pointed out a couple of important parameters of Taikang: its maximum speed “exceeds 250 km/h”, and from zero to hundreds accelerates electric car “faster 3.5”. We believe these numbers refer to major modifications in the lineup, and, according to insiders, they have the Taikang will be few.

At Ionity maximum capacity of these columns, to give to the battery of the car reaches 350 kW. Helped in reduction of time of filling of the battery and an intelligent system cooling and heating high-voltage components, which ensure that the approach to charging pit-stop their temperature was optimal for rapid replenishment.

In addition, Porsche said that Taycan is capable of many quick starts in a row without a noticeable drop dynamics. It was recently confirmed in another test, when the sedan 26 consecutive accelerated from zero to 200 km/h. the Spread between the best and worst time did not exceed 0.8, and the average value was less than 10 s.

Porsche recalls that Taycan will be the first production electric vehicle with an 800-volt onboard system. Battery machines are also ready to accept large charging currents. We know that Porsche, together with partners, built the further evolution of such a charging system, with output of 450 kW, and tested it on the prototype of Taikang. In General, to almost “full tank” fifteen minutes now of difficulty. This feature played a major role in achieving: the Taikang had to spend at the outlet for three to five hours.

Bonus

Battery Taycan is not the only powerful Porsche, being prepared for publication. Photospin spotted on the Nurburgring car, unofficially nicknamed the Über-Panamera. Insiders confirmed working on the model and revealed its power 820 HP. Thus, a new variation will leave far behind the version of the Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid (680 HP and 850 N•m).

The extreme version of the Panamera has received a developed splitter, wings kenardy at the corners of the front bumper, a modified retractable spoiler and plerodomiana brake discs of large diameter.

Details little is known. It is not even clear whether this new version rely on some form of hybridization. If this project Matures finally, the most powerful Panamera will hit the market shortly before the completion of the model career of the present generation. Most likely, the debut will take place in 2020, along with a restyled Panamera itself.

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