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SUV Toyota RAV4 emboldened in version TRD Off-Road

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toyota rav4

Toyota rav4. «Пятый» RAV4 продаётся в Штатах уже два месяца в пяти комплектациях: LE, XLE, XLE Premium, Adventure и Limited. За основу TRD Off-Road взята Adventure ценой $32 900 (2,16 млн рублей). Тяга к приключениям у неё внешне выражена в массивных бамперах, накладках на арки и рейлингах.

Konstantin Bolotov, 48 minutes ago. Photo: Toyota

The “fifth” RAV4 sold in the U.S. for two months in five trim levels: LE, XLE, XLE Premium, Limited and Adventure. The basis of TRD Off-Road Adventure taken at the cost of $32 900 (2,16 million). Your sense of adventure she expressed externally in the massive bumpers, the trims on the arches and roof rails.

Performance TRD Off-Road in the United States are only true all-terrain vehicles Tacoma and 4Runner, and now version with the same name suddenly got “parquet” Toyota RAV4 fifth generation. The company is not afraid thus to discredit the TRD package Off-Road, because there is “the off-road” set of the TRD Pro, but Rafiq will be able to leave the asphalt ahead. He was given a suspension and wheels, “inspired” rally, but the US market was allowed to enter only in the fall.

The interior is covered with SofTex synthetic material that looks like leather, but is lighter and stronger than her. In striking red accents and contrast stitching. The TRD logo is placed on the head restraints and all-weather mats. Equipment, obviously, almost the maximum.

Originally RAV4 Adventure was endowed with the atmospheric “Quartet” 2.5 (206 HP, 250 N•m), eight-speed automatic transmission, all-wheel drive, ground clearance of 218 mm, and an advanced Suite of security, Toyota’s Safety Sense. When moving the package TRD Off-Road SUV received a twin-tube shock absorbers, dampers for rebound and compression with unique red springs, all-terrain tires Falken Wildpeak A/T on 18-inch matte black TRD alloy wheels and some decor… To the Russian market has not yet reached the usual “fifth” Rafiq, which will be produced in St. Petersburg. Waiting for him in a few months.

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Automotive

New SsangYong Korando was released on the Korean market

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ssangyong korando

Ssangyong korando. Внешность была анонсирована ещё три года назад концептом SIV-2 и почти в том же виде дошла до конвейера. Создатели говорят, что руководствовались трендом Low & Wide — делали Korando широким и приземистым. Примерные размеры: длина — 4440 мм, ширина — 1860, высота — 1640, база — 2675.

Konstantin Bolotov, 1 hour ago. Photos: SsangYong

The appearance was announced three years ago, the concept SIV-2 and almost in the same form reached the conveyor. The creators say they were guided by the trend of the Low & Wide — did Korando broad and squat. Approximate dimensions: length — 4440 mm, width — 1860; height — 1640, the base — 2675.

Today in South Korea opened taking orders for SsangYong Korando fourth generation (C300). Yes, the SUV is still not really shown, the description is sketchy, and the prices assigned. Equipment Shiny on the “mechanics” is worth 22 160 000 won (1.3 million rubles), two pedal drive option Delight is estimated at 25 000 230 (1.48 million), the top version of the Fantastic requests 27 930 000 (1,64 million). Cars will appear at dealers in March.

Decorated fancy, but somehow too Asian. Decorations in place an integrated exhaust pipes baffles. Behind the storage door — 551 liter volume by the VDA (486 l).

Officially named only one engine — the “newly designed” diesel 1.6 (according to rumors, 136), “first in class”. Petrol brethren will represent turboservice 1.5 (supposedly 163 HP) or 1.2. If gamma motor so new and important that later it will divide the family of Tivoli. Mild hybrid and fully electric version will come out eventually.

In the top configuration is Blaze Cockpit. Here digital tidy diagonal of 10.25 inches and nine-inch Central display. Around the perimeter of put led lighting. About the materials yet nothing is said.

Have a six-speed “mechanics” and “automatic” alternative is not visible. All-wheel drive is expected, but the rate on the front. Autopilot “2.5” relies on cameras and radar cruise control, and is called Deep Control. Higher level of safety is provided by seven airbags, the auto brake, the monitoring of dead zones, markings, and so on. Full premiere of Korando for foreign markets, in theory, will be the fifth March in Geneva. On the Russian expanses brand SsangYong is conserved, so the hope for new Actyon — the phantom.

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Automotive

Watching the transformation of a sedan Mazda 6 in bourgeois

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Mazda 6. «Механики» больше нет, а цены начинаются с полутора миллионов рублей за двухлитровый седан и от 1,68 млн ― за машину с мотором 2.5. Новый наддувный двигатель мощностью 231 л.с. увеличивает стоимость до 2,24–2,42 млн.

“Mechanics” is no more, and the prices range from half a million rubles for a two-liter sedan and from 1.68 million per car with the 2.5 motor. New forced engine capacity of 231 HP increases the cost to 2.24–2.42 million

In the autumn of the current Mazda 6 will celebrate their seventh birthday, whereas generation of the Sonata or Optima change once in five years or more. However, the “six” doesn’t just remain in the ranks, keeping in Russia in fourth place in the segment behind the iconic Camry and changeable Hyundai-Kia. She is in the third facelift, the deep and serious, however, latecomers to the us for a year relative to other markets. Looks almost untouched: front chrome “ate” fog lights, back ran for the lamps, upgraded rims. But the content…

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Mazda is in no hurry to turn the salon into a TV Studio: the display has grown by an inch. To make room for suede “cross”, reduced height air deflectors. The start button need to reach. Instead of black will now be dark brown interiors.

The interior is redrawn from edge to edge, including the front and the door panels, seats, instrument panel. The idea remained the same, and if the changes are intended to emphasize the rich decoration materials. In plain sight laid the array of synthetic suede. Although here they ask big mediadisplay or button secondary functions, hiding on the left behind the steering wheel. The new chair is also implanted chrome, but the wow-effect they cause. Simply convenient: the front appeared quiet ventilation, and the rear even more clearly molded under two. More practical than the Mazda did not.

From new chairs with a deep theoretical background (see the sidebar “Technique”), but the lumbar support is governed only by the depth and bolsters on the cushion too intense squeeze of the thigh. The armrest is small. Rear knee and head high rider still in contact with the car.

At the beginning of the conveyor of life we are praised for the harmony. Now competitive background has changed, and “six” were noisy and hard. I almost said, “as in the best years”, but not time to reflect. For the sake of acoustic comfort the floor of the truck and the power of the cross is made tougher, minimized gaps in the bodywork and finishing panels, added insulation (particularly on the ceiling), revised aerodynamics of the bottom. And coupled with noise absorbing glass front doors, it gives an impressive result: in the car quiet at any speed and at any rpm.

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Active cruise control we did not get up because of the reluctance of the Japanese supplier to be certified in Russia. I more regret that I do not have a speed limiter. The sound of the closing door finally became a noble.

However, the sedan seriously up: with motor 2.5 and over 140 kg. Therefore, the claimed acceleration time to 100 km/h declined by almost half a second, and the nominal fuel consumption in the urban cycle added almost half a liter per hundred. However, Mazda is still easier for Toyota or the Koreans for a few tens of kilograms. Engines Skyactive-G 2.0 and 2.5 has changed hardly: last added two horsepower (now 194), both slightly increased torque, especially in low revs. By the way, about a third of all sales of the “six” had to modification with more powerful engine.

Cartoon speedometer is easy to read due to darkening of irrelevant numbers. But the digital speed display gives only the projector on the windshield with too small characters (in versions from 1.8 million rubles). The media system has grown inferior cameras.

However, atmospheric versions of presentations are not presented. All the attention — the new 2.5 turbo engine with a power of 231 HP With it the sedan for another 38 kg heavier, but, thanks to the powerful thrust from the bottom, the dynamics is hefty and good accuracy of acceleration control is great. So that sportregion not change the settings of the throttle, but only adjusts the algorithm of the six-speed “automatic machine” — in particular, the “cutting off” the last two speeds. To the box of questions was not. Switching is not seamless, but if specially accentuated, the driver felt the connection with the machine.

Led headlights with washers and lights are even in the “base”, and in top trim levels, the light becomes adaptive. Front optics inside it is decorated with a glamorous “star dust”. Incandescent lamps front and rear left only for navigation lights starter.

Chassis is reconfigured dramatically. Aside from the obvious calibration of spring and damper under the increased mass, the Japanese are played by different stiffness of the bushings, buffers, design of compression and rebound and so on. The course was smoother and finer, bumps no longer “poke” fares, and “vykat”. But they are still a bit too much, and the suspension lacks intensity, especially on the compression stroke. The feeling that they were going to some kind of German “premium” with sportpaket, you can not refuse.

Appeared heating zone of peace wiper blade (by the way, the leashes are raised in any position) and automatic door locking when driving off.

Handling accurate and clear, but lacks a spark. Brunt of whether to blame or soft tread Nokian Hakkapeliitta winter nesipbek R3, but rulitsya this Mazda with a slight laziness and a certain vagueness of feedback at low rotation angles. Effect from the more rigid mounting of the steering mechanism and new electric power steering has no feel. In the limit most likely “German” drift front than flirting back mnogoryichazhka. The six stable on straight, rides securely, strongly and safely.

The new wheel design, and available in sizes 17 and 19 inches (see photo), with no intermediate options. A stowaway is a smaller outer diameter.

In General, the degree of driving sensations higher than Korean cars of Toyota. And to accurately determine the location of the modified Mazda in the class in terms of comfort, the necessary comparative tests. The main thing — the sedans have increasingly become a way to caress not so much the drivers ‘ ambitions, how much self-esteem. Updated Mazda to be a common trend.

In addition to the bumpers and mirrors there is a completely different trunk lid.

Another question — what are the General prospects of this segment? Look around: people increasingly prefer low and malpractice sedan with a small trunk With a crossover. In the line of Mazda, for example, the CX-5 seems more versatile and balanced purchase for the same money. Is that peppy turbo engine will work a lure for buyers of the top six. Since, the assurance of representation, it did not appear under the bonnet of the updated crossover in Russia.

Passport data

Mazda 6 2.0 2.5 2.5 Turbo
Body
Body type sedan sedan sedan
Number of doors/seats 4/5 4/5 4/5
Length, mm 4870 4870 4870
Width, mm 1840 1840 1840
Height, mm 1450 1450 1450
Wheelbase, mm 2830 2830 2830
Track front/rear mm 1585/1575 1585/1575 1585/1575
Curb weight, kg 1522 1540 1578
Full weight, kg 2046 2057 2084
Trunk volume, l 429 429 429
Engine
Type petrol with direct fuel injection petrol with direct fuel injection petrol with direct fuel injection and turbocharging
Location front, transversely front, transversely front, transversely
The number and arrangement of cylinders 4 in a row 4 in a row 4 in a row
Number of valves 16 16 16
Working volume, cm3 1998 2488 2488
Max. power, HP/rpm 150/6000 194/6000 231/5000
Max. torque, N•m/rpm 213/4000 258/4000 420/2000
Transmission
Transmission automatic, six-speed automatic, six-speed automatic, six-speed
Drive front front front
Suspension
Front suspension independent, spring, McPherson independent, spring, McPherson independent, spring, McPherson
Rear suspension independent, spring, multilink independent, spring, multilink independent, spring, multilink
The front brakes ventilated disc ventilated disc ventilated disc
Rear brakes disk disk disk
Tires 225/55 R17 225/55 R17 225/45 R19
Ground clearance, mm 165 165 165
Performance characteristics
Maximum speed, km/h 207 223 239
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h, 10,8 8,2 7,0
Fuel consumption, l/100 km
— urban 8,4 (7,9)* 10,0 (9,1)* 10,7
— extra-urban cycle 5,5 (5,5) 5,6 (5,6) 5,9
combined 6,5 (6,3) 7,2 (6,9) 7,7
Fuel tank capacity, l 62 62 62
Fuel AI-95-98 AI-95-98 AI-95-98
* Skobkah the data for the versions with i-stop, and to modify the 2.5 with i — ELOOP.

Technique

Restyling is not the first time touched the suspension. At the front McPherson again increased diameter of the pistons, the valves changed and the buffer end. In addition, the increased gap between the buffer and shock-absorber rod. Changed the position of the spring and steering knuckle, upgraded stabilizer bushings and the steering mechanism with the amplifier reconfigured tougher attached to the subframe. A list of improvements like the rear mnogoryichazhka. In addition to the absorber and the supports of the stabilizer, changes have been made to the bushings of lower arms and upper pillow mounts. The purpose of this modification is the increase of the driving comfort or, in the words of a Japanese reporter, “smooth and linear driving characteristics”.

The degree of compression of both atmospheric engines SkyActiv-G is now equal to 13:1 (two-liter motor was previously 14:1). Junior Assembly added three Newton-meters at a constant 150 power, senior 2.5 ― two “horses” and two “Newton”. Reduced stunting traction when pressing on the gas pedal. The highlight of the 2.5 motor — condenser system of regeneration of electricity during braking and coasting i-ELOOP weight of 12 kg.

New in the range ― the 2.5 turbocharged engine with a compression ratio of 10.5:1 rated at 231 HP and an impressive torque of 420 N•m. Unit Skyactiv-G 2.5 T interesting Dynamic Pressure Turbo that simulates a turbine with variable geometry. There are two paths at the entrance to the turbocharger, one with a movable flap. Top right: at low engine speeds narrow channel accelerates the exhaust gases, increasing the rate of rotation of the impeller and the boost pressure. At the bottom — at the middle and high are both open channel. All the engines require gasoline of AI-95.

A six-speed “automatic” maslovskogo own production uncontested. Gear ratio motor 2.5 Turbo is a little close together, and the initial two-liter engine is shorter than the main pair.

The key idea of new seats is to position the basin vertically so having an S-shaped spine has occupied the optimal position. In addition, the pelvis must be fixed from moves to improve the feeling of the car. Then the man sitting behind the wheel, will be in the same dynamic equilibrium as you walk (right illustration). In English the pelvis called the pelvis, and for this pelvis mazdausa redrew the entire power structure of the seats, changed the profile and stiffness of the materials.

Behind the scenes

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Mazda always comes up with something. This time the test will pass in Vladivostok and Nakhodka devoid of snow due to natural anomalies. We managed not to be missed located in Vladik Maslowski plant. Invited from the shore of the sea of Japan program Manager of the project disappeared after the presentation, some technical questions were answered by the racer and brand Ambassador Boris Shulmeyster. In addition to the test drive I flew across the country to sfotkatsya on the background of the Pacific ocean and listen to the lecture “how not to get fat on mission” from former avtoparka, and now a fitness blogger Dmitry Putilina. The recipe is simple: we must eat less…

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The pilot and the Worker and the Grenadier: Soviet and Russian SUVs, not reached to the conveyor

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Here is the third article in a series about domestic cars of a single manufacturer. This time it is dedicated to the unknown prototypes-wheel-drive cars, the serial production of which, and especially the sale to private use of speech did not exist. At first they were a options army jeeps and rare off-road vehicles for agriculture, and soon after the Soviet collapse — polyamideimide version of future SUVs.

At the cradle of the domestic SUVs

Andistory of the Soviet civilian off-road four-wheel drive vehicles began soon after the great Patriotic war. Then in secrecy at the Gorky automobile plant was developed the project “Worker”, to create a light vehicle for use in rural areas. In October 1947 the name was assigned to the first prototype of GAZ-69-76 engine from “Victory” and vystupovanie in the back side of the hood reading “hard Worker.”

image003
Experienced rural utility vehicle GAZ-69-76 “Worker”, 1947

Then came four more prototypes with semi-circular cut-outs in the awning for the side Windows, massive wings, simplified poludverki and grille. When the veil of mystery was lifted, “Worker” had become “artillery tractor wheeled light.”

image005
A prototype all-wheel drive car GAZ-69, 1948 (from the archive of I. Paderin)

In 1954 in Gorky gathered three experienced all-terrain vehicle GAZ M-72 for “responsible workers of the Soviet village”. From a passenger “Victory” M-20 first issue was used reinforced bearing body with a radio receiver and hours, which added to the windshield washer. The transmission and drive axles borrowed from the GAZ-69. Soon, the plant began low-volume Assembly of the updated version of M-72 with the body and radiator shell from a model M-20V, but this event is beyond the scope of our article.

image007
Passenger vehicle GAZ M-72 on the basis of the “Victory” M-20. 1954 (from the archive of I. Paderin)

A year later, a compact 35-strong “selhozmashin” GAZ M-73 in two variants with manual transmission from the car “Moskvich-402” and a wheelbase of exactly two meters — closed coupé and the rear trunk with the spare wheel on the lid and all-metal pickup. Drive axles and a private transfer case was performed on sample units for model M-72. The machine was successfully tested, but due to the overflow of Gas to establish their release failed.

image009
Testing all-wheel drive passenger car GAZ M-73 (from the archive of I. Paderin)
image011
Pilot pickup-the all-terrain vehicle GAZ M-73. 1955 (from the archive of I. Paderin)

In 1950-e years the most productive manufacturer of the prototype of the future SUV was the Moscow plant of small cars (MZMA). On it, in the framework of the creation of a Soviet jeep, three years have collected 11 (!) uniform all-terrain vehicles in four versions, with different bodies and assemblies from production vehicles, which are officially intended to work in agriculture. The first was the car “Moskvich 4x4” with a 35-horsepower engine from the passenger model M-402, hinged front window and the rear cross seat. Strangely, he was remarkably similar to the us jeep Willys MB times, lend-lease, and inherited from him the most options.

image013
Rover MZMA “Moskvich 4×4” in the style of the American jeep. 1958 (from the archive research center at)

In 1959 MZMA on built five open 45-horsepower cars “Moskvich-415” on the units from M-410 in two versions and five hole versions of “Moskvich-416” trehgornyi all-metal body on a welded frame of channel iron side members which are more like rural traveling vehicles than the military jeeps. They weighed 1.2 tonnes and had a top speed of 106 km/h On the test car are unable to exceed the performance of the GAZ-69 and was rejected.

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