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Study rubber spike future tyre ContiIceContact 3

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To produce rubber spikes will be the same owned by the Kontinental c 2007 the Finnish company Tikka Spikes that makes a classic.

Velcro or spikes is one of those perpetual disputes, even though the ruble we vote is clear: in Russia one of the friction tires have four studded lover. Their share may grow, when in August-September 2019 the market will go Continental IceContact 3 with unusual spikes. In conversation they are often referred to as rubber, although they just obrezinena (shell hardness reminiscent of the protector material), and the grip meets the usual carbide insert with aluminum support flange.

The flight, size and weight of the spike correspond to common values of the regulated. Even the number of inserts is not particularly going to change ― a little less than two hundred on the wheel. However, the claimed improvement of coupling properties on ice by seven percent. In this case the wear of the coating should be reduced by 20% ― that is, theoretically, without violating the homologation requirements, the number of spines could be to increase accordingly.

It is not “the three” and the pilot IceContact2 c index RS is equipped with a rubber spike. These tires are a limited edition sent to dealers. On a new tire insert FlexStud visually indistinguishable from conventional: they are bathed in the same gray-beige retainer structure.

However, talking about a possible tightening of European regulations on the wear of the coating with the studded tires. In the industry a very bad way of looking at hyperspace Michelin X-Ice North 4, each of which has 250 or more steel inserts. Apparently, the Continental margin, or just really believe in their new technology. On paper, everything is really beautiful. The soft body of the spike allows hard core deeper bite into the ice (spike’s working angle — see illustration below) and not to “cut” waste asphalt. And ― very important ― rubber walls work like damper noise and vibration. Checkmate, fans of stickers?

Under the action of lateral and longitudinal forces of the tongue tends to lie down. Aluminum body prevents him to keep contact with the ice, and on asphalt waste is harmful to themselves and to the coating. Elastic case these problems like deprived: grip ice is growing at seven percent and wear reduced by 20%.

The practical part of the seminar devoted to the new Contico, at the site of Jaguar Land Rover Experience serious organized strangely. Let’s start with the fact that commercial bus current series IceContact2 and pilot IceContact2 RS of the same dimension 235/45 R18, but with spikes FlexStud, mounted on cars of different classes. In the first case it is the Jaguar XE, the second is more expensive XF. In addition, we are not allowed behind the wheel. It is proposed to evaluate the difference of the acoustic and vibration comfort from the passenger seat. What can I say?

It was my first time on the range Jaguar Land Rover Experience. Nice complex with good potential, but was surprised by one of the instructors who tried to teach me how to brake with your left foot.

In the Parking lot and by rotating the wheel to place the latest FlexStud also postrelivat metal on the asphalt, and 20-30 km/h note the lower level of the resonant rumble and high-frequency small itching on the floor. But it is difficult to objectively judge the extent to which it is a merit of the tires and in a car of higher class. Abstracting as much as possible from aggregatelevel and based on experience with tires, I can assume that the acoustic properties of the novelty is located approximately in the middle between the classic “shipovymi” and the latest friction tires VikingContact7, which also was able to ride.

The main large-scale new Conti ― friction “Scandinavian” VikingContact7. The transition to the drain symmetrical pattern explain the increase in winter temperatures. Canola oil allows the rubber compound to allow for reliable lateral grip to soften in the heat (ie, at a temperature around 0 ºC).

This, of course, not a test. But it will be interesting to try FlexStud on snow and ice. Not only fresh, but also with the mileage, because the tire manufacturers promise that rubber spike wear out more evenly, almost completely retaining its properties of the engagement as the operation.

Do not forget about primocanale. In the course of the production tire is removed from the mold a bit “underexposed”, mounted, inflated, and then the automation inserts the spikes, covered with a special compound. Then the bus devulcanized in an autoclave where the structure connects the tongue with rubber. Let not tightly, but in order to pull it requires four times more effort than the usual studding.

Brand photographs illustrating the wear of the stud. Top ― new rubber FlexStud, bottom ― serial spike tires IceContact2, stronger losing their properties.

This year, the Continental plant in Kaluga was five years old. Half of its production is exported. Latest IceContact3 will be developed simultaneously with the German plant in Korbach ― only these two factories can do studded Conti.

By the way, technology primocanale patented Continental “length and breadth”, so is eight years and remains unique on the market ― the competitors have no right to reproduce it. All the research arm of the company, including not only tire manufacturers (in the amount of 30 thousand scientists and engineers!), per year gets about a thousand patents. On this basis, we can assume that the rubber spike is unlikely in the next few years will learn something.

Behind the scenes

The second topic of the seminar was an attempt to once again compare the behavior of studded and non-studded tires. But winter in Moscow is not in a hurry, forcing us to work exclusively on wet pavement. Weird, but in a predefined weather conditions for the latest season 2018-2019 friction ContiVikingContact7 on road handling seems preferable to spikes, no seeds IceContact2. Slide is not as deep, and breakdowns ― a little smoother. Journalistic competitions I won and those and others. However, we must remember that the main loss nesipbek falls on snow and especially ice in the temperature range from zero to -15 ºC.

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Family Ford Focus in Europe joined the wagon is Active Wagon

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Ford focus,Ford focus active,Ford focus active wagon. К стандартным режимам движения Normal, Sport и Eco у «активных» Фокусов добавлены Slippery для скользких покрытий (грязь, снег, лёд) и Trail, чтобы машина не зарывалась в песок. Проходимцам рекомендованы шины размерности 215/55 R17 либо 215/50 R18.

Konstantin Bolotov, 42 minutes ago. Photo: Ford

To standard driving modes Normal, Sport and Eco have “active” Magic added Slippery for slippery surfaces (mud, snow, ice) and the Trail to buried in the sand. Crooks recommended tire dimensions 215/55 215/50 R17 or R18.

All terrain Ford Focus hatchback Active was presented together with the standard Tricks of the fourth generation. Now he pulled up the station wagon terrain Wagon is Active, which brought about a little more detail at this series, imitating crossovers. Her first-born in 2016 became Active Fiesta, which gave to understand that “activity” is widely spread in the model lineup. However, the second came to light bug Ka+ Active, forced in the breadth to doubt. Now Focus suggests that the wave could easily roll to a Mondeo.

Rear independent mnogoryichazhka SLA (short long arm) of the Active specification is standard. Ferdowsi argue that the chassis of Assets endowed with unique springs, dampers and stabilizers. Ground clearance is increased by 30 mm front and 34 rear. All-wheel drive, of course not.

The interior should have a highlighted color plastic inserts on the front panel and doors. The seats are trimmed in cloth with blue stitching. Yet there is a special sills and floor mats. For entertainment meets media centre Sync 3 with an eight-inch display.

The choice of the Europeans will be offered petrol engines 1.0 EcoBoost (125 HP) and 1.5 (150 HP), diesel EcoBlue 1.5 (120 HP) and 2.0 (150), six-speed “mechanics” and vosmidiapazonnym “automatic”. All the Tricks are going Active in the German plant in Serlui and December will be available for order. When the “fourth” Ford Focus will get to Russia and in what form, is still unclear. Orientirueshsya for the first half of 2019.

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Renault is Carlos Ghosn, Thierry headed Bollore

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Konstantin Bolotov, 3 hours ago. Photo: Stephane De Sakutin/AFP, Yuriko Nakao/Bloomberg

Mr. Bollore 55 years. Career he in 1990 started the company Michelin where he worked until 2005. Then there was the firm Faurecia, where Thierry in 2012 moved to Renault for the post of Vice-President. In February 2018 (see photo) Bollore became chief operating officer Groupe Renault.

The Board of Directors of Renault, gathered yesterday evening for an emergency meeting, took action in connection with the arrest of Carlos Ghosn. The company found him “temporarily incapacitated”, but retained for the prisoner boss of all leadership positions, unlike the Nissan, instantly replace functionary with each managerial position. Acting CEO appointed Thierry Bollore the second person in Renault, which was considered the most likely successor of Gon.

Mitsubishi formally belongs to Nissan, so has behaved exactly like the parent company. The day of the arrest gon was “promptly removed” from the position of Chairman of the Board of Directors Mitsu. Command “diamonds” solo, Osamu Masuko not used to.

During the transition period (how long it will last, nobody knows) the Board Renault is lead independent Director of Philip LaHaye. It needs to regularly collect the Council to protect the interests of the company and sustainability of the Alliance. At the same time prenosniki decided to make a request to Nissan to be “based on principles of transparency, trust and mutual respect set out in the Charter of the Alliance” has provided all available information associated with the internal investigation regarding the Rut.

As CEO of Nissan Carlos Ghosn in February 2017 passed , Hiroto Saikawa that came in the Nissan a month after the end of the University of Tokyo in 1977. That is, 41 of the 65 years of his life, Hiroto dedicated to Nissan. “In addition to regret, I feel a big disappointment, discouragement, despair, anger and resentment,” said Saikawa about the arrest of a Rut.

The second main figure in the scandal (after the Rut) now becomes the chief of a Nissan Hiroto Saikawa. He was considered the favorite of Carlos, his protégée and “faithful Lieutenant” and now criticizes the arrested boss like no other. They say tension Saikaly a Rut lately reached the limit values. Hiroto opposes the merger of Renault and Nissan, which, according to Ghosn, would have made the Alliance “irreversible.” Sources Financial Times testify that if not for the arrest of Carlos, the merger would happen “within a few months.” Saikawa clearly wants to be the Nissan was out of the Alliance and gained full independence.

Meanwhile Japanese newspaper Asahi Shimbun revealed the circumstances of the arrest. Though Carlos did not know about any investigation and went to Japan for a meeting with the Governor of Tokyo. Gon was arrested late on Monday evening when I landed in Haneda airport, where it was waiting for prosecutors. Among other things, the case alleged, it appears the real estate, including residences in Lebanon and Brazil, which Nissan acquired for the suspect.

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On the Volvo stand in Los Angeles will not have automobiles

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Konstantin Bolotov, 11 minutes ago. Photo: Volvo

Free from the machinery space the Volvo will offer the public a range of interactive demonstrations. We will talk about such services as delivery of the goods in the trunk, a subscription to car, car sharing and Autonomous movement.

A provocative advertising campaign , “It’s not a phone” I got an explanation. Make Volvo announced that “no show” at an auto show in Los Angeles, which opens to the press on November 28. In the center of the stand will show off the inscription “This is not a car”. According to planner product strategy Maarten Lewenstam, Swedish brand, refusing to demonstrate the machines, will present his vision for the future of mobility. “Instead of the presentation of the concept car we’ll talk about the concept car. We do not receive the award for best car in show, but we have it on hand. Because it’s not a car show,” said the Manager.

Since the advent of the motor show the car has always been a Central element of the exhibition, but things are changing: industry, machinery, and expectations. Brand perception by consumers, according to Volvo, “is now more important than chrome, leather or horsepower”.

Volvo boss håkan Samuelsson develops the idea: “Our sector is changing. We no longer just build and sell cars and provide our customers with freedom of movement”. Note that recently the company has refused from participation in the international auto show, calling them “unsustainable”. Now Volvo seems to have resorted to guerrilla tactics and trying to ruin the exhibition from the inside. This is another level where shes pushing back. The Manifesto “This Is Not A Car” easily turns into “This Is Not A Volvo”, which, coupled with the well-known Chinese component is unlikely to increase positive brand perception.

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