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Review of the AMD Athlon 240GE, 220GE and 200GE in the right place at the right time

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Recent familiarity with processors Ryzen 5 2500X and Ryzen 3 2300X showed that AMD considers it necessary to strengthen their own lineup of strong budget proposals that could attract buyers in the era of scarcity of available processors competitor. Such innovations do well to solve their problem, proving a more than worthy alternatives for processors the Core i3 series. But only two new products AMD is not going to be limited. Along the way, the company has taken the offensive and in the lower price segment, releasing even more cheap chips capable of inflicting a blow to the popular “hyperpnea” (Pentium Hyper-Threading). So on the market appeared Athlon two hundredth series – new dual-core processors for the platform Socket AM4 with a price of less than $100.

It is worth Recalling that in the model number of AMD’s budget Athlon Socket AM4-performance existed before. For example, a fairly widespread Quad-core Athlon X4 950. However, this CPU is based on outdated design Bristol Ridge microarchitecture Excavator. Because of this he is not able to compete with the members of the family of Pentium in performance and is only of interest because it can be “plug connector”, which allows to exploit the AM4 Socket-a system till the moment it will be installed full processor family Ryzen.

New Athlon for that matter much more modern and therefore more interesting. And although they again are greatly reduced versions of the chips in this time to create used current-based Raven Ridge. For this reason, such proposals can be considered as an alternative to the current Pentium Gold. Having a price from $55 to $75, fresh budget processors from AMD can, as budget Intel chips, to offer two computing cores capable to execute four threads, and a relatively decent graphics core.

It should be understood that the main advantage of the new Athlon is not so much in their characteristics, but in the fact that they are really can be bought at a reasonable price. The fact that the issue with the backorders of their Intel decides to “top-down”. This means that firstly, the orders for expensive chips series Core i7 and Core i9 and also of the application server market. Core i3, Pentium, and Celeron are thus at a disadvantage: they are produced and delivered by a residual principle, and the cheaper the processor, the less of a chance to meet him in the sale. Eventually this led to the fact that the members of the series Pentium Gold or disappeared entirely from store shelves or sold at prices significantly higher than normal. In such circumstances, the new Athlon to be almost the only variant of the processor on which it is advisable to pay attention to the price category “below $100”.

In fact, thanks to the new Athlon, AMD has already managed to win several large OEM contracts: low-cost model of office personal computers, it is highly marketable. Cheap processors for such systems are needed in large quantities, and Athlon has offered an easy way out in a situation when Pentium Gold to buy almost impossible. However, we are interested in a slightly different question: can we rely on the Athlon series of two hundred individual users looking for an affordable option for the home system? On the one hand, Athlon — almost the same as Pentium and Gold. However, on the other – those CPUs higher clock rate and better is the case with single-threaded performance. So to say that terms of speed Athlon 200GE, 220GE or 240GE is almost the same as “hyperpen”, need any confirmation. We’ll try to get testing of the new AMD business and gaming applications.

#New Athlon in detail

The overall strategy of AMD is that the company tries to offer processors with more developed multithreading than similar price models from Intel. This is true for almost all market segments, but not for the lower. All three models Athlon two hundred series have only two active nuclei Zen technology-enabled SMT. This means that from the point of view of the number of executable threads, they are no different from the current modifications of Pentium Gold.

Besides, the Athlon has no support turboradial. No technology Core Performance Boost or even more of the XFR/XFR2 are not available, and hence, at any load they operate at a constant clock frequency. By the way, this frequency is relatively low: the Junior model, Athlon 200GE, operates at 3.2 GHz and older, Athlon 240GE – on 3.5 GHz. There is another significant loss: AMD in their Junior processors cut the cache and memory controller. Volume cache of the third level reduced to 4 MB and a maximum supported memory DDR4-2666. And in this case we are talking not about the formal, but the actual limit: required to traktowania memory at a higher frequency multipliers are simply not available, and to overclock the DDR4 SDRAM will not work.

Athlon 200GE

Athlon 200GE

 
Athlon 220GE

Athlon 220GE

 
Athlon 240GE

Athlon 240GE

But the new Athlon can boast of a very moderate power consumption and heat dissipation. Their thermal Suite is defined by the value of the 35 watts that’s one of the most economical AMD processors for desktops. Such a characterization of TDP can boast except Ryzen E-series, which the company officially supplying only to OEMs. Here AMD was able to outperform even Pentium Gold: heat pack budget Intel is 58 watts. It is therefore not surprising that in the boxed versions of Athlon two hundred versions come with a simple aluminum cooler c 65-mm fan, which causes persistent Association with cooling systems under the classical era Athlon XP Socket A.

An important distinction of modern processors Athlon two hundredth series from those Athlon X4, AMD has offered to date, is that now they have a graphics core. The basis of Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE are design Raven Ridge and the same 14-nm semiconductor core, as in processors Ryzen 3 2200G and Ryzen 5 2400G. However, the performance of the integrated GPU is significantly undervalued. The manufacturer says about the graphics level GeForce Vega 3, which is converted in three computing module with 192 unified shaders, 12 texture units and 4 ROP units. By the way, this configuration provides the GPU and the youngest mobile Ryzen 3 2200U.

The characteristics of the new Athlon fit into the existing range of cheap AMD processors in the following way.

Design Cores/ Threads Base frequency, GHz Turbocheetah, GHz L3 cache MB Memory Graph. the core Lines PCIe TDP, watts
Ryzen 3 2300X Pinnacle Ridge 4/4 3,5 4,0 8 DDR4‑2933 No 24 65
Ryzen 3 2200G Raven Ridge 4/4 3,5 3.7 V 4 DDR4‑2933 Vega 8 16 65
Ryzen 3 1300X Summit Ridge 4/4 3,5 3.7 V 8 DDR4‑2666 No 24 65
Ryzen 3 1200 Summit Ridge 4/4 3,1 3,4 8 DDR4‑2666 No 24 65
Athlon 240GE Raven Ridge 2/4 3,5 4 DDR4‑2666 Vega 3 12 35
Athlon 220GE Raven Ridge 2/4 3,4 4 DDR4‑2666 Vega 3 12 35
Athlon 200GE Raven Ridge 2/4 3,2 4 DDR4‑2666 Vega 3 12 35

In their marketing materials AMD Athlon contrasts the two hundredth series intelliskin Pentium Gold. However, the fact that they can offer comparable performance to something other than graphics, there is quite reasonable doubt. Where they come from, it should be clear from the following table, where the mapped features of the budget AMD and Intel processors.

AMD Athlon Intel Pentium Gold
Cores/threads 2/4 2/4
Microarchitecture Zen Coffee Lake
Platform Socket AM4 LGA1151v2
Frequency A 3.2-3.5 GHz The 3.7-3.9 GHz
L2-cache 512 KB per core 256 KB per core
L3-cache 4 MB 4 MB
SIMD instructions AVX/AVX2 SSE 4.1/4.2
Integrated graphics Vega 3 (192 SP) UHD 630/610 (23/12 EU)
GPU frequency 1000 MHz 1050-1100 MHz
Memory DDR4-2666 DDR4-2400
TDP 35 W 58 W
The official price $55-$75 $64-$86

The new Athlon is a relatively low clock frequency. However, but they offer lower heat dissipation and, apparently, more powerful graphics, which outperforms Intel UHD 610 Graphics (GT1) and certainly no worse than the UHD 630 Graphics (GT2).

However, here you need to make three significant reservations. The first relates to prices. The fact that due to problems with the supply of the Pentium Gold it is impossible to buy at the “right” price, which is indicated in the table above. While Junior Athlon 200GE actually buy for 3 thousand rubles, Pentium Gold g5400 is cheaper than 5 thousand in sales now is not to find, not to mention the fact that the Pentium Gold G5500 model with a production-level integrated GPU GT2 will cost from 6 thousand and above.

The second point is about acceleration. Unexpectedly turned out, the Athlon generation Raven Ridge can be configured to work at higher than declared by the manufacturer, clock frequency. AMD itself of that opportunity does not advertise and sometimes even denied, but the fact is that the new BIOS for the vast majority AM4 Socket-a motherboards, which are based on AGESA version 1.0.0.6, I suggest really working the function to change the multiplier frequency. We cannot guarantee that this opportunity will not be blocked in the future, but at the moment the situation is such that the working frequency of Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE can be increased by 10-20% rather simple manipulations.

Have Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE third feature. The AMD approach to the formation of inexpensive processors is somewhat different from interesnogo. In Athlon, the company reduced the number of cores and compute units of the GPU, but did not turn off any of the properties of the microarchitecture. So, for example, budget Socket AM4 processors continue to support AVX instructions, while the Pentium Gold in their execution impossible.

In conclusion, we should say that support Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE have all motherboards for Socket AM4, which can operate with Raven Ridge. In other words, the problem to find a platform for these processors will not occur. And here it is appropriate to recall the existence of a set of logic A320, which AMD was designed for the most budget configurations. Thanks to him, the prices of motherboards with Socket AM4 start with a mark of 3.5 thousand rubles, which allows you to create highly available platform with modern components AMD. And we are talking about is really relevant boards that can offer support for NVMe drives, USB 3.1 ports and versions of video outputs with support for 4K resolution.

#Acceleration

Given the fact that the Athlon two hundred series are constructed on the same semiconductor crystal as their older brothers Ryzen Ryzen 2200G 3 and 5 2400G, some unexpectedly high overclocking results is not expected. We checked all three arrived in our lab processor — Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE, and the maximum acceleration for them was achieving a frequency of 4.0 GHz. To work stably in this condition are two processors of the three – 200GE and 220GE. Senior representative in the series could only please steady performance at 3.9 GHz.

Therefore, in practical tests we concentrated on those instances that were able to conquer the symbolic threshold. However, the increase in frequency in any case, did not require any substantial effort: to achieve the stability needed just a little (to 1.35-1,375) increase in processor supply voltage.

The tests we carried out with our usual cooler Noctua NH-U14S, but it is clear that the restriction in the dispersal here is not the heat of the processor, and the capabilities of the silicon. Therefore, similar results can be obtained those users who prefer air cooling easier. However, with the standard aluminum cooler 4-gigagertsevogo frequency, obviously, will not succeed. In this case, you will have to limit ourselves to a weaker market.

Also it is worth mentioning that cheap motherboards on base of chipset A320 do not support overclocking at all. To increase the frequency of the desired charge on the chipset B350, and they are a bit more expensive.

Unfortunately, the acceleration allows to eliminate just one of the shortcomings of the new Athlon – their low clock frequency. But two other negative factors remain in force. First, the Athlon memory will still run at maximum frequency DDR4-2666 – around this border have a budget AMD is impossible. Second, Athlon allocated for maintenance of the primary PCIe slot is only 4 lanes of PCI Express 3.0. And this means that the discrete graphics card installed in a system with an Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE, will run through heavily cut-down on bandwidth bus. However, some motherboard this birth defect still able to fix it by translating the graphics slot in the higher speed mode of PCI Express 3.0 x8.

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AMD 3800X Ryzen 7: champion heating

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Output processors Ryzen, built on microarchitecture Zen 2, made a splash: at the third attempt AMD managed to make consumer CPUs, which look a worthy competitor to Intel Core, not in some specific scenarios, but in General. Yes, AMD was not able yet to eliminate all bottlenecks, microarchitecture, and fresh processors are not as productive in games as current offers Intel. But the gap is steadily shrinking, and now it is quite possible to close the eyes, because in many situations, it kompensiruet tremendous advantage Ryzen 3000 in resource-intensive computing tasks.

However, there is one important caveat: the model number that is generated from fresh processor microarchitecture Zen 2, is more successful, and less successful models. To date, we managed to get acquainted in detail with most members of the series Ryzen 3000 – surveys available on our website at:

Summing up everything written in these articles, we can say that the best impression among all members of the third generation Ryzen Ryzen produces 3600 5 is the most affordable six-core processor, which in some cases is able to compete with Core i5-9400 and Core i5-9600K even gaming load, and the task of creating content up to the Core i7. Also very interesting Ryzen 9 3900X, but it is attractive mainly for its stunning computing power provide twelve cores support SMT technology. In fact, this massive Socket AM4-processor could take a seat available alternatives suggestions class HEDT: it can be supplied in workstation and it will not compromise, but a decent system for high loads.

Same OCTA core Ryzen 3000 in the background Ryzen Ryzen 5 3600 9 3900X don’t seem to be charismatic heroes. We had the opportunity to learn about Ryzen 7 3700X, and it was a good processor, showing the data-intensive applications, the performance of Core i7-9900K. However, from the CPU of this level would like to and excellent gaming performance, and that he could not boast. The frame rate in games Ryzen 3700X 7 lags behind even the Core i7-9700K, and the amount of lag sometimes comes to 10-15 %.

However, it is possible that claims to gaming performance arose from the fact that we tested is not the best option OCTA core Ryzen. For some reason AMD decided to send the press not 7 3800X senior Ryzen, Ryzen and the youngest 7 3700X, which has a more strict TDP and lower clock frequency. To limit the gaming performance could this, therefore, before drawing final conclusions about the practical value of new products OCTA core AMD, should be detailed to test and the older model with eight cores. And we did it: in today’s review we will share the results of the tests Ryzen 7 3800X – processor, which compared Ryzen 7 3700X 300 MHz higher clock frequency and 60% higher than the calculated heat.

#7 3800X Ryzen in detail

If you are interested to see what is inside 7 3800X Ryzen in all technical details, you can refer to the review Ryzen 3700X 7: in design and architecture, these processors are absolutely identical. As a Junior cosmedent, Ryzen 7 3800X assembled on the basis of two chipsetov connected between a proprietary bus Fabric Infinity second generation. One of them is OCTA core crystal CCD, consists of two Quad-core modules CCX. The second crystal cIOD responsible for the functions of input / output, containing the memory controller, bus controller, PCI Express 4.0, as well as elements of SoC.

Chipley, which are assembled Ryzen 7 3800X, in the form of standard building blocks, which can be found in any of the processors Ryzen 3000. CCD-chiplet with the nuclei produced via the 7-nm FinFET technology for enterprises TSMC, and he (or they, if we are talking about multi-core solution) are used in any of the AMD CPU microarchitecture Zen 2, whether a mass or a server chip. Chipset I / o issued for 12-nm technology by GlobalFoundries and is found only in the composition of Ryzen 3000. This unification of the constituent parts determines the similarity between any Socket AM4 processors on a wide range of basic characteristics.

Cores/ Threads Base frequency, MHz Turbo frequency MHz L3 cache MB TDP, watts Chipley Price
Ryzen 9 3950X 16/32 3,5 4,7 64 105 2×CCD + I/O $749
Ryzen 9 3900X 12/24 3,8 4,6 64 105 2×CCD + I/O $499
Ryzen 7 3800X 8/16 3,9 4,5 32 105 CCD + I/O $399
Ryzen 7 3700X 8/16 3,6 4,4 32 65 CCD + I/O $329
Ryzen 5 3600X 6/12 3,8 4,4 32 95 CCD + I/O $249
Ryzen 5 3600 6/12 3,6 4,2 32 65 CCD + I/O $199

Ryzen 7 3800X, like other members of the lineup Matisse, built of two chipsetov for different purposes, has a cache memory of the third level capacity of 32 MB, has a memory controller with official support for DDR4-3200 and informal possibilities of using faster modes, and offers support for PCI Express 4.0, which can be useful for productive GPU or NVMe SSDS a new generation. The differences Ryzen 7 3800X other Ryzen 3000 should be sought only in the number of cores or frequency and thermal characteristics.

If you compare Ryzen Ryzen 7 3800X and 7 3700X two OCTA-core CPU, the conclusion is that the older model is similar to the younger one exception: its frequency formula is not limited to artificially clamped within a heat pack. In other words, while Ryzen 7 3700X – cosmedent, which gives priority to efficiency, then Ryzen 7 3800X other priorities – here the emphasis is on absolute performance.

This are caused by such striking differences in TDP. If Ryzen 7 3700X value TDP is set at 65 W and a maximum consumption limit is limited to 88 watts, heat package Ryzen 7 3800X expanded to 105 watts, and the maximum consumption can reach 142 watts. Thus, energy and thermal characteristics of the AMD formally equalized with 7 3800X Ryzen Ryzen dvenadtsatietazhnom 9 3900X collected from three chipsetov. And this, essentially, means that the limits for the consumption and heat generation practically does not hinder the performance Ryzen 7 3800X. Technology Precision Boost 2.0 in this case has the opportunity almost to look back on the PPT option (Package Power Tracking) – observe the current consumption of the processor, and to output the CPU at maximum frequency, limited only by the temperature capabilities of silicon.

However, this still does not allow Ryzen 7 3800X achieve some particularly impressive peaks. Unfortunately, the performance of new generation processors, despite the progressive 7-nanometer production technology, the record for the frequencies can’t be — such are the limitations of microarchitecture and process technology. To work in turbo mode at a frequency higher than 4.5 GHz can’t even free from the limits of consumption and heat dissipation Ryzen 7 3800X and it’s only 100 MHz above turbocast 65-watt Ryzen 7 3700X. One could argue that the base frequency of fosmidomycin differentiating between stronger – by as much as 300 MHz. But in reality it means little: to passport the nominal frequencies of the processors do not work almost never.

In order to show clearly how the situation looks with real frequencies Ryzen 7 3800X, we carried out a standard experiment and checked at what frequency this CPU will work in Cinebench R20 load on different number of cores and threads. On the chart below along with the curve of the average frequency Ryzen 7 3800X provides a similar curve for Ryzen 7 3700X – such a comparison should help to understand how seriously the performance of the two osmeteria may vary with the actual load. For cooling both processors used the same cooler Noctua NH-D15S.

The results can be called even somewhat paradoxical. Judge for yourself: the difference in price Ryzen Ryzen 7 3800X and 7 3700X is $70, but the real frequency of these processors differ by 50-75 MHz, that is, not more than 2-3 %. The picture that is largely similar to the situation with shestidennomu: 2 % extra performance, AMD has to pay extra to the price Ryzen 7 3700X almost 20 % of the cost. Moreover, if in the case of shestiyaderny price for Ryzen 5 3600X yet somehow could be justified bundled with it a more efficient cooler, then Ryzen 7 3800X this argument is not valid. Senior eight-core, like its little brother, the Wraith comes with Prism RGB Cooler Master.

Incidentally, that brings up another discrepancy: cooler Wraith Prism RGB specification is designed to dissipate up to 124 watts of heat, while Ryzen 7 3800X can consume up to 142 watts of electricity. It turns out that the power of the Wraith Prism RGB to cool senior osmeteria may not be enough, and then complete the cooler should be replaced, otherwise you may face a situation where the processor will overheat and drop the frequency because of insufficient cooling.

And this is not some kind of hypothetical situation: Ryzen 7 3800X – a really hot processor. For example, running a stress test like Prime95 29.8 when the system is in par with the use of regular Wraith Prism RGB outdoor bench immediately brought the CPU temperature up to a critical point of 95 degrees, and it’s really led to a decrease in its operating frequency to 4.0 GHz and even lower.

In other words, the question of proper cooling Ryzen 7 3800X should be approached with the utmost seriousness, and cooler for him to pick up poeffektivnee, otherwise the performance is not fully revealed. For example, after the change of the Wraith Prism RGB Noctua NH-D15S minimum frequency Ryzen 7 3800X in the stress test Prime95 29.8 increased up to 4.1 GHz, and while the temperature was kept at around 90 degrees.

It is important to note also that insufficiently productive cooler can affect the frequency Ryzen 7 3800X not only under stress loads. In fact, Wraith Prism RGB limits the ability of this processor in all conditions. This conclusion can be reinforced by observing the frequency in Cinebench R20 load on different number of cores and threads, which we performed with three different cooling systems: complete cooler Wraith Prism RGB, productive two-piece tower Noctua NH-D15S and liquid cooling system NZXT Kraken X72.

The conclusion is obvious: for Ryzen 7 3800X really require a powerful cooling system, otherwise the CPU will not be able to reach their potential and will operate at reduced frequencies, which is what happens with the standard cooler Wraith Prism RGB.

High temperature operation of processors Ryzen 3000 – a fact known and accepted. The reasons include the use of high voltages, with a small square of 7-nm eight-core crystal CCD, making it difficult to effectively eat the allocated heat. So if you for some reason are not satisfied with the high heat, you should try undervolting – reduction of voltage below the nominal voltage.

Despite the fact that Ryzen 7 3800X is a senior and shestnadtsatiletnij OCTA-core processor, AMD positions it as an alternative flagship osmeteria competitor, Core i9-9900K. The official cost Ryzen 7 3800X set to $399, making it a rival to the Core i7-9700K, that is, for the more affordable Intel processor that has eight cores, but does not support Hyper-Threading. Such a contrast allows AMD to offer in the relevant price categories: more developed multithreading that this company has already become a matter of principle. But in addition, AMD compensates for the lower clock frequency of their CPU, because fosmidomycin competitor under load on all cores is able to keep the frequency of 4.6-4.7 GHz, while Ryzen 7 3800X under full load rolls up to 4.1 GHz, that would neither have been written in the specifications.

Ryzen 7 AMD 3800X Intel Core i7-9700K
The CPU socket Socket AM4 LGA 1151v2
Cores/threads 8/16 8/8
Base frequency 3.9 GHz 3.6 GHz
Turbo 4.5 GHz 4.9 GHz
L2-cache 8 × 512 KB 8 × 256 KB
L3-cache 2 × 16 MB 12 MB
Memory DDR4-3200 DDR4-2666
PCI Express 20 × Gen4 16 × Gen3
Graphics core No UHD 630
TDP 105 W 95 W
The official price $399 $374

Of course, to oppose numerical characteristics Ryzen AMD 3000 and Intel Core processor very carefully, because they are based on completely different microarchitectures. Especially now, because AMD has updated the microarchitecture and managed to achieve a Zen 2 a 15 percent increase in IPC (the number of executable per clock cycle instructions), which made the relationship between the performance of AMD and Intel processors, given the same clock frequency, quite heterogeneous. But what definitely surpass 3000 Ryzen solutions of competitor in addition to the number of threads running concurrently is the size of the cache memory and support faster versions of the PCI Express interface. These advantages will certainly give AMD a head start of some subset of the practical problems, and over time the number of such tasks will only grow.

#Acceleration

If we are talking about series processors Ryzen 3000, section about overclocking, perhaps, should be abolished. New Ryzen is almost prashantame processors, of which the manufacturer is squeezed all you can, its technology, Precision Boost 2.0. As shown, the introduction of 7-nm semiconductor standards, little has given to the frequency of the potential: so far, none of the tested instances Ryzen 3000 could not provide stable performance in multi-threaded AVX2-load at least at a frequency of 4.3 GHz.

But Ryzen 7 3800X we still waited a few more. And with good reason: for the production of these processors are crystals that AMD are unable to attach email in 7 3700X Ryzen, Ryzen no 9 3900X because of their higher than necessary energy consumption. This means that, most likely, Ryzen 7 3800X gets silicon with high leakage currents, which typically require elevated supply voltages. And such crystals, as a rule, it is better to take the higher frequencies, which, however, simultaneously accompanied by a significant increase in heat dissipation. But with heating, if the acceleration depends on the speed limit of the switching transistors, at least try to cope by applying more powerful cooling systems.

However, despite all the prerequisites, in practice Ryzen 3800X 7 was only slightly more overclockable processor than Ryzen 7 3700X and other members of the family. High, which we managed to achieve, is to work at a frequency of 4.3 GHz at a voltage of 1,275 V. system Performance in this mode was confirmed by passing the test SmallFFT enabled AVX2 instructions in Prime95 29.8, more strong acceleration led to overheating and instability.

But even such a relatively fast overclocking was accompanied by a frightening temperatures of the CPU during Prime95 they went over the 100-degree mark that is hardly an acceptable thermal regime. But most importantly, this heat was very difficult to oppose anything that even flagship cooler Noctua NH-D15S could not cool the ardor of dispersed Ryzen 7 3800X. And it’s clearly not a powerful enough cooling: the cooler is among the best and is able to handle CPUs with a heat pack up to 250 W, while the TDP Ryzen 7 3800X – only 105 watts.

Directly indicates the root of the problem is the fact that while the CPU sensor shows the CPU crystal heating to 100 degrees, the cooler radiator was practically cold: its temperature does not exceed 35-40 degrees. This means that the heat generated by the CPU simply does not reach the cooling system. The bottleneck in the heat transfer is early. It is obvious that the heat flux density generated by the 7-nm capleton CCD can not handle the internal thermal interface, located under the CPU cover, although it is revered by enthusiasts bestlady solder. But nothing strange in the fact that before the solder had no complaints, and now they arose, actually no. Suffice it to recall that the eight-square crystal Ryzen 3000 is only 74 mm2, while, for example, a 12-nm eight-core crystal Ryzen last generation was larger than the 2.9 times.

Acceleration Ryzen 3800X 7 to 4.3 GHz, and even with a frightening heat – not a very encouraging result. In normal condition this processor comes itself at a higher frequency, even when the load on a limited number of cores. So for 24/7 overclocking to manual fixed frequency use is not too appropriate. Instead, it is better to use the Precision Boost Override, which in the case Ryzen 7 3800X makes it not homeopathic, but to the naked eye the effect.

The increase to the maximum limits PPT Limit, Limit and TDC Limit EDC, which Ryzen 7 3800X defaults to 142 W, 95 A and 140 A, respectively, while the 200-megagertsevym increase limit frequency by configuring the Max CPU Boost Clock Override leads to the fact that real working CPU frequency increase around 100 MHz.

But we should not forget that such a result is possible only if the temperature of the CPU are in the “safe zone”. So for overclocking by changing the limits of Precision Boost 2.0 must be installed sufficiently powerful cooler. You should not rely on the possibility of an additional increase in performance when using a standard cooling unit Wraith Prism.

In our experiments we used the super-cooler Noctua NH-D15S, and the following schedule shows in detail, exactly as in the normal cooling function of the Precision Boost Override shifts up the frequency curve at a load of different intensity generated by a test render Cinebench R20.

The minimum frequency of the processor at full load on all cores is increased to 4.2 GHz, while low-flow load Ryzen 7 3800X is able to reach the frequency of 4.4-4.5 GHz. However, you need to understand that productivity gains from such changes in frequency formula will still be very weak, because in relative terms, the frequency increases only 2.0-2.5 %. And this again brings us to the conclusion that overclocking experiments with Ryzen 3000 almost meaningless: significantly accelerate the processor will not work by any means.

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Overview of Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme 16-phase power and passive cooling of the chipset

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When AMD released the first generation processors Ryzen, motherboard with CPU Socket Socket AM4 was a relatively simple and inexpensive products. They clearly lost on equipment platforms that have been proposed for Intel, and even the flagship Socket AM4 solutions cost considerably less advanced circuit boards for the mass processors of the Core family. It was obvious that on the first motherboard manufacturers to seriously doubt the demand for Ryzen and did not expect that the expensive and feature-rich platform for such CPU can really be anyone.

However, over the past two years, AMD has been able to prove that its chips microarchitecture Zen Zen+ Zen 2 and able not just to play in the same weight category as the Intel, and in some situations can definitely be the best offer. For example, the latest dwenadzatiperstnuu Ryzen 9 3900X provides maximum to date, the computational performance among all the mass of the CPU, and a proprietary Ryzen 5 3600 rightfully claims to be the most rational choice in the medium segment. So it is no surprise that the market for Socket AM4-motherboard to date has changed dramatically.

Motherboard Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme, which will be discussed in this article, just acts as a striking illustration of the changes. The fact that it is a flagship platform, equipment which are the envy of many LGA1151v2-Board upper price range. It can boast of extraordinary appearance, thought-out cooling all the heating parts, a very powerful Converter power supply, convenient diagnostic tools, quality integrated sound, a large number of USB 3.2 ports, PCI Express 4.0, a built-in 10-Gigabit network controller, Wi-Fi-enabled 6 and a host of other features advanced level. Honestly, when you take this charge in hand, one might feel that this is no ordinary Socket AM4-Board and full-bodied product-level HEDT.

Actually, on this hint, and price. Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme costs $700, and it was unthinkable that the charge under mass AMD can pull the same amount. But it is not the daring experiment of developers of Gigabyte. Similar in value Socket AM4 Board on the basis of a set of logic X570 offer other manufacturers that unequivocally indicates an existing on these platforms demand. And it is highly symptomatic that boards for Intel LGA1151v2 to $ 700 planks to grow and failed. That is, in the opinion of the Board, in the most powerful platforms today require those buyers who rely on Ryzen, not Intel Core.

What will be those users that decide to spend money on Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme? This is what we will discuss in this review. But her most surprising trait is to say: the Gigabyte has the courage to do X570 on the basis of this charge, which by some miracle without active cooling of the chipset. This is one of the main intrigue of today’s test, because other X570-plat without chipsetov fan at the moment does not exist.

#Specifications

Taking into account the cost of Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme it is not surprising that the characteristics of this Board are wound to the maximum. Everything you could wish for, on this Board there are (almost without exception). Frustrating can perhaps just the inability to connect to the motherboard expansion card with Thunderbolt ports, and the absence in her of any outputs. However, both the functions that in practice are very rarely needed, and the fee for $700 without them is flawed not think.

In the rest of the extensive features of the Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme can be estimated from the following table.

GIGABYTE Aorus X570 Xtreme
Supported processors AMD Ryzen 2nd and 3rd generations
Chipset AMD X570
Memory subsystem 4 × DDR4, up to 128 Gbytes, up to DDR4-4600, two channels
Expansion slots 2 × PCI Express 3.0/4.0 x16 (modes x16/x0 or x8/x8)
1 × PCI Express 3.0/4.0 x16 (mode x4)
The storage interface 6 × SATA 6GB/s
3 × M. 2 (PCI-E 4.0/3.0 x4 or SATA 6 GB/s devices format 2242/2260/2280/22110)
USB ports 3 × USB 3.2 Gen2 on the rear panel;
2 × USB 3.2 Gen2/Gen1 rear panel (depending on CPU);
1 × USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C rear panel;
1 × USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C as the inner connector;
2 × USB 3.2 Gen1 on the rear panel;
4 × USB Gen1 3.2 internal connectors;
2 × USB 2.0 internal connector;
4 × USB 2.0 rear panel
Network controllers 1 × Intel WGI211AT (Ethernet 1 Gbps)
1 × Aquantia AQtion AQC107 (Ethernet 10 Gbps)
1 × Intel Dual Band Wireless AX200NGW/CNVi (Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac/ax (2.4/5 GHz) + Bluetooth 5.0)
Audio 1 × Realtek ALC1220-VB (7.1) + ESS SABRE DAC ES9218
Interfaces on the rear panel 1 × USB Gen2 3.2 (Type-C)
2 × USB Gen2 3.2/1 (Type-A)
3 × 3.2 Gen2 USB (Type-A)
2 × 3.2 Gen1 USB (Type-A)
4 × USB 2.0 (Type-A)
2 × RJ-45
5 x audio connector type mini-Jack
1 × S/P-DIF (optical out)
2 × antenna connectors
button ClearCMOS
button Q-Flash+
Form factor E-ATX (305 × 271 mm)
Price $699 (recommended)

Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme demonstrates the broad capabilities can have a combination of CPU Ryzen 3000 and a set of logic X570. We have already said that this Board is like a platform for HEDT systems, and its passport characteristics once again forced to think about this comparison. Unlike Threadripper Ryzen Ryzen older processors 3000 offer not so many lines of PCI Express to connect the array of graphics cards and have only dual-channel memory controller. But despite this, on the basis of the X570 Aorus Xtreme you can assemble a powerful system that may be used in the role of a high-performance workstation. Especially since the market will be 16-core processors Ryzen 9 3950X.

We should also mention that all of the many Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme X570 implemented it so that the cost was really convenient to use. To do this, the engineers applied a number of non-standard layout solutions, which we’ll talk further. Here, at the stage of exploring the technical characteristics offered by simply look at the circuit Board.

Note the location of most connectors to connect the internal cables at the front edge of the card and that the developers have tried to free up as much space as possible in the neighborhood of the graphics card. These are two important and characteristic features of the design X570 Aorus Xtreme.

#Packaging equipment

Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme X570 expected delivered in a beautiful box with a fairly informative and not overloaded design. Front of the package is decorated with a large logo Aorus, and on the reverse is a picture of the Board with a listing of its key features and specs. By what properties in the list of the awarded a larger font and highlight, you can guess what is in X570 Aorus Xtreme manufacturer considers important. It is a powerful and high quality power Converter, efficient cooling, PCI Express 4.0, branched controls the RGB led as well as additional network module – 10 Gigabit wired and wireless Wi-Fi 6.

 

Consider the fee stands out among other X570 solutions not only in the box, but how many accessories in the box fit. Package includes:

  • USB drive with utilities and drivers;
  • six SATA cables;
  • two Wi-Fi antenna with a gain of 4 dBi;
  • module G-Connector for easy connection LEDs, and buttons of the housing;
  • cable to connect LEDs and buttons of the housing;
  • two cables to connect addressable led strips;
  • one connection cable for led RGB strips;
  • one sound pressure sensor;
  • the control unit AORUS RGB Fan Commander;
  • six clips adhesive Velcro for cables;
  • two remote temperature sensor;
  • the screws and the rack mounting M. 2 drives;
  • set of stickers to decorate the case.

Separate the accessories from this list are worthy of more detailed description. For example, here are included in the supplied Wi-Fi antenna.

Or here’s another unusual item of kit — SATA sleeved cables.

A sound pressure sensor is a unique device, which comes exclusively with the flagship Gigabyte boards and allows you to control the noise level of the system.

But the most generous addition to the fee – block AORUS RGB Fan Commander. It is a separate hardware module for fan control and to synchronize RGB lighting on different motherboard accessories.

Gigabyte positions this activity as an indispensable device for modders, but it can be useful to regular users because it expands the possibilities of the Board in the system configuration of PC cooling and management.

#Design and capabilities

Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme stands out from other boards with Socket AM4 not only because of its immodest price. In addition, it can be called outstanding in size and weight. The fact that it is made in the form factor ATX and is almost completely closed with metal casings on both sides. On the outer side of the surface of the Board is almost completely hidden behind the chipset and M. 2 slots, and decorative shrouds passing through the edges of the Board.

On the reverse side of the same Board reinforced with an aluminum plate with “nano” coating, made for the best teplosetevaya.

Efficient heat sink – an important trump card Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme. The fact that it was thanks to a carefully designed cooling system of the chipset and use the back plate X570 Aorus Xtreme complete without a fan on the chipset. This is the only such Board on the market: the rest of the motherboard, built on the same chip, I use active cooling with the use of small fans. This is no problem with temperature of the chip under consideration, X570 Gigabyte does not occur in the passive cooling system copes with heat dissipation from the chip with a thermal package 15 watts. In the process of testing we have never seen a chipset temperature has exceeded 65 degrees.

The secret is not only Gigabyte in size adjacent to the chipset aluminum ingots. The base of the heatsink of the chipset heat pipe is laid, which passes through all the other radiators motherboard, combining into one the cooling system and chipset, and VRM.

And the cooling of the power Converter, the developers of Gigabyte clearly isn’t saved. It uses the classic radiator design used in processor coolers: the core heat pipe passes through the bottom of the radiator, which is fixed in the package slim aluminum fins.

In addition, technology is used in direct contact, and as termoenergetska material selected strip LAIRD having improved thermal conductivity. All this design is quite viable: the power supply circuit of the processor exactly as the chipset, high temperatures did not suffer.

 

However, this is largely due to the way Gigabyte Aorus made X570 Xtreme power Converter. The Board, based on the X570, have a more powerful power supply circuit in comparison with the predecessors, because older processors Ryzen 3000 increased their energy appetites. For X570 Xtreme Aorus, Gigabyte engineers have collected 16-channel scheme (14 phases for the CPU and 2 phases for SoC) based on power stage Infineon TDA21472 controlled PWM controller Infineon XDPE132G5C.

Such a scheme has two key features. First, giant power: each power stage Infineon are designed for currents up to 70 A, that is, the amount of power Converter can give out current up to 1120 A. second, all 16 phases in it – honest, no superalliance or doubling is not here, and so this scheme will differ not only high performance, but low pulsation. In other words, X570 Aorus Xtreme has nearly the best design of the Converter power among all presented in market Socket AM4-plat. At least a real, separately working 16 phases in the Converter power Board for Ryzen, we still have not seen even once.

By the way, enthusiasts can control the Converter power not only in monitoring, but also directly with a multimeter. To simplify this procedure, the Board has a test point for measuring the base voltage.

Anyway, enthusiasts should be very pleased with how designed X570 Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme. It has hardware buttons Power On and Reset indicator POST-codes, two chips BIOS with the ability to manually switch between them and even the possibility of firmware update without CPU and memory. Curiously, the official site of Gigabyte it promises the installation of chip flash memory with the BIOS in “Cribs” for their easy replacement, but in fact they are soldered to the Board.

Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme offers a very convenient set of expansion slots. There are three PCIe x16 slots, the first and second lines connected to the processor, and the last by the chipset X570. Thus, the first two slots can operate in modes x16/x0 or x8/x8 (with support for SLI and CrossFire), and the third always functions as a x4. When you install the processor cost Ryzen 3000 all slots support PCI Express 4.0 to double bandwidth.

This is equally true of slots M. 2, which is also on the Board of three. Of them closest to the Socket AM4 slot meets the processor, and the second and third slots work through the chipset. They are able to take as NVMe and SATA drives.

Special thanks to Gigabyte, I want to say for the successful arrangement of all these slots. Before the first PCIe x16 left a lot of space, which will insert into the Board graphics cards with three slot cooling system, and it will not block the next slot. And M. 2 sockets are placed so as not to be under the video card and not to suffer from external heating. Anyway, about cooling M. 2 drives thought separately: all slots are closed on top of the aluminum heat dissipating plates, which Assembly are integrated with the chipset.

Another feature of the layout of the Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme – the transfer of almost all the internal connectors on the right edge of the Board while they turn parallel to its plane. This applies to both the 24-pin ATX power supply and many other connectors: to connect the five case fans for led strips, for the administration of the case. Also on the right side of the Board similarly withdrawn six SATA ports, four USB ports 3.2 Gen1 and two USB 2.0 ports.

However, the fit is still not all the connectors. For example, outside the right side on the circuit Board located internal USB port 3.2 Gen2 connectors for the fans of the CPU cooler and various sensors of the monitoring system, two 8-pin power connector, processor power, and a connector for connecting the front panel audio connectors of the case. Even so, specific design X570 Aorus Xtreme helps to optimize cable gear inside the case. Further help can be given and attached to the Board unit AORUS RGB Fan Commander which can shift the power and control of all fans in the system unit.

Backboard also does not look quite usual. And not only that it comes with preinstalled plug I/O Shield. Much more important is the high concentration delivered at her ports: in particular, there is 12 different USB ports that you can even count on the record.

More specifically, among this number, one port is USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C, five ports (red) – USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-A, two ports (blue and grey) USB 3.0, well, four ports (black) USB 2.0. Support PS/2 Gigabyte decided to refuse, but realized two wired network controller with a bandwidth of 10 GB/s and 1 GB/s. Also on the rear panel has two antenna connector Wi-Fi adapter working in standard Wi-Fi 6 (802.11 ax). And of course, it is not complete without audio, five analog and one digital optical S/P-DIF output.

The audio path in the Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme X570 assembled on the basis of eight-channel codec Realtek ALC1220-VB ratio “signal to noise” up to 120 dB and the DAC chip ESS Sabre 9218 with two 32-bit channels and the ratio of “signal to noise” of 130 dB. Naturally, the engineers have not forgotten to isolate the audio circuit from the rest of the Board and implement in the quality of the oscillator TXC and audiophile capacitors WIMA and Nichicon Gold. In other words, the quality of the integrated sound card is beyond doubt, and gilded audiokniga on the back of the PCB do not seem to be empty showing off.

As has become clear, along with the sound of much attention in the Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme paid online features. What, for example, is that a normal Gigabit network controller Intel I211-AT the developers Board added a second – Aquantia AQtion AQC107. Chip Aquantia is one of the few currently existing controllers wired network that supports connections at speeds up to 10 Gbps.

In addition, Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme added support and wireless network, which is implemented with the latest module Intel Wi-Fi 6 AX200. It is compatible with the IEEE 802.11 ax and configuration 2T2R capable of providing data transmission speeds to 2.4 GB/s. Also in the module AX200 supported standard Bluetooth 5.

At the end of the experience X570 Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme is to say that, among other things, this Board is very advanced in the field of hardware monitoring. So, the Board controls the temperature of seven different nodes of the system, plus it is possible to connect two external temperature sensors (included). Moreover, Gigabyte, and now there is another readout – noise. The required sound pressure sensor supplied. Facilities include a total of eight fans, and it is not only able to determine their type and flexibly control their speed, but under specified conditions is able to stop them completely.

Plus, eight controllable fans can be connected via an additional device AORUS RGB Fan Commander.

Not spared developers and RGB backlight. However, in this case it is relatively unobtrusive. By default, the highlighted area of the Converter power CPU, chipset and sound card, if this user will seem insufficient, then he can add some led strips on their own – for their connection on the motherboard there are four different connector.

All lights naturally driven: for it is a proprietary app RGB Fusion 2.0.

SOURCE

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Overview of Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme 16-phase power and passive cooling of the chipset

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When AMD released the first generation processors Ryzen, motherboard with CPU Socket Socket AM4 was a relatively simple and inexpensive products. They clearly lost on equipment platforms that have been proposed for Intel, and even the flagship Socket AM4 solutions cost considerably less advanced circuit boards for the mass processors of the Core family. It was obvious that on the first motherboard manufacturers to seriously doubt the demand for Ryzen and did not expect that the expensive and feature-rich platform for such CPU can really be anyone.

However, over the past two years, AMD has been able to prove that its chips microarchitecture Zen Zen+ Zen 2 and able not just to play in the same weight category as the Intel, and in some situations can definitely be the best offer. For example, the latest dwenadzatiperstnuu Ryzen 9 3900X provides maximum to date, the computational performance among all the mass of the CPU, and a proprietary Ryzen 5 3600 rightfully claims to be the most rational choice in the medium segment. So it is no surprise that the market for Socket AM4-motherboard to date has changed dramatically.

Motherboard Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme, which will be discussed in this article, just acts as a striking illustration of the changes. The fact that it is a flagship platform, equipment which are the envy of many LGA1151v2-Board upper price range. It can boast of extraordinary appearance, thought-out cooling all the heating parts, a very powerful Converter power supply, convenient diagnostic tools, quality integrated sound, a large number of USB 3.2 ports, PCI Express 4.0, a built-in 10-Gigabit network controller, Wi-Fi-enabled 6 and a host of other features advanced level. Honestly, when you take this charge in hand, one might feel that this is no ordinary Socket AM4-Board and full-bodied product-level HEDT.

Actually, on this hint, and price. Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme costs $700, and it was unthinkable that the charge under mass AMD can pull the same amount. But it is not the daring experiment of developers of Gigabyte. Similar in value Socket AM4 Board on the basis of a set of logic X570 offer other manufacturers that unequivocally indicates an existing on these platforms demand. And it is highly symptomatic that boards for Intel LGA1151v2 to $ 700 planks to grow and failed. That is, in the opinion of the Board, in the most powerful platforms today require those buyers who rely on Ryzen, not Intel Core.

What will be those users that decide to spend money on Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme? This is what we will discuss in this review. But her most surprising trait is to say: the Gigabyte has the courage to do X570 on the basis of this charge, which by some miracle without active cooling of the chipset. This is one of the main intrigue of today’s test, because other X570-plat without chipsetov fan at the moment does not exist.

#Specifications

Taking into account the cost of Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme it is not surprising that the characteristics of this Board are wound to the maximum. Everything you could wish for, on this Board there are (almost without exception). Frustrating can perhaps just the inability to connect to the motherboard expansion card with Thunderbolt ports, and the absence in her of any outputs. However, both the functions that in practice are very rarely needed, and the fee for $700 without them is flawed not think.

In the rest of the extensive features of the Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme can be estimated from the following table.

GIGABYTE Aorus X570 Xtreme
Supported processors AMD Ryzen 2nd and 3rd generations
Chipset AMD X570
Memory subsystem 4 × DDR4, up to 128 Gbytes, up to DDR4-4600, two channels
Expansion slots 2 × PCI Express 3.0/4.0 x16 (modes x16/x0 or x8/x8)
1 × PCI Express 3.0/4.0 x16 (mode x4)
The storage interface 6 × SATA 6GB/s
3 × M. 2 (PCI-E 4.0/3.0 x4 or SATA 6 GB/s devices format 2242/2260/2280/22110)
USB ports 3 × USB 3.2 Gen2 on the rear panel;
2 × USB 3.2 Gen2/Gen1 rear panel (depending on CPU);
1 × USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C rear panel;
1 × USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C as the inner connector;
2 × USB 3.2 Gen1 on the rear panel;
4 × USB Gen1 3.2 internal connectors;
2 × USB 2.0 internal connector;
4 × USB 2.0 rear panel
Network controllers 1 × Intel WGI211AT (Ethernet 1 Gbps)
1 × Aquantia AQtion AQC107 (Ethernet 10 Gbps)
1 × Intel Dual Band Wireless AX200NGW/CNVi (Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac/ax (2.4/5 GHz) + Bluetooth 5.0)
Audio 1 × Realtek ALC1220-VB (7.1) + ESS SABRE DAC ES9218
Interfaces on the rear panel 1 × USB Gen2 3.2 (Type-C)
2 × USB Gen2 3.2/1 (Type-A)
3 × 3.2 Gen2 USB (Type-A)
2 × 3.2 Gen1 USB (Type-A)
4 × USB 2.0 (Type-A)
2 × RJ-45
5 x audio connector type mini-Jack
1 × S/P-DIF (optical out)
2 × antenna connectors
button ClearCMOS
button Q-Flash+
Form factor E-ATX (305 × 271 mm)
Price $699 (recommended)

Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme demonstrates the broad capabilities can have a combination of CPU Ryzen 3000 and a set of logic X570. We have already said that this Board is like a platform for HEDT systems, and its passport characteristics once again forced to think about this comparison. Unlike Threadripper Ryzen Ryzen older processors 3000 offer not so many lines of PCI Express to connect the array of graphics cards and have only dual-channel memory controller. But despite this, on the basis of the X570 Aorus Xtreme you can assemble a powerful system that may be used in the role of a high-performance workstation. Especially since the market will be 16-core processors Ryzen 9 3950X.

We should also mention that all of the many Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme X570 implemented it so that the cost was really convenient to use. To do this, the engineers applied a number of non-standard layout solutions, which we’ll talk further. Here, at the stage of exploring the technical characteristics offered by simply look at the circuit Board.

Note the location of most connectors to connect the internal cables at the front edge of the card and that the developers have tried to free up as much space as possible in the neighborhood of the graphics card. These are two important and characteristic features of the design X570 Aorus Xtreme.

#Packaging equipment

Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme X570 expected delivered in a beautiful box with a fairly informative and not overloaded design. Front of the package is decorated with a large logo Aorus, and on the reverse is a picture of the Board with a listing of its key features and specs. By what properties in the list of the awarded a larger font and highlight, you can guess what is in X570 Aorus Xtreme manufacturer considers important. It is a powerful and high quality power Converter, efficient cooling, PCI Express 4.0, branched controls the RGB led as well as additional network module – 10 Gigabit wired and wireless Wi-Fi 6.

 

Consider the fee stands out among other X570 solutions not only in the box, but how many accessories in the box fit. Package includes:

  • USB drive with utilities and drivers;
  • Six SATA cables;
  • Two Wi-Fi antenna with a gain of 4 dBi;
  • Module G-Connector for easy connection LEDs, and buttons of the housing;
  • Cable to connect LEDs and buttons of the housing;
  • Two cables to connect addressable led strips;
  • One connection cable for led RGB strips;
  • One sound pressure sensor;
  • The control unit AORUS RGB Fan Commander;
  • Six clips adhesive Velcro for cables;
  • Two remote temperature sensor;
  • The screws and the rack mounting M. 2 drives;
  • Set of stickers to decorate the case.

Separate the accessories from this list are worthy of more detailed description. For example, here are included in the supplied Wi-Fi antenna.

Or here’s another unusual item of kit — SATA sleeved cables.

A sound pressure sensor is a unique device, which comes exclusively with the flagship Gigabyte boards and allows you to control the noise level of the system.

But the most generous addition to the fee – block AORUS RGB Fan Commander. It is a separate hardware module for fan control and to synchronize RGB lighting on different motherboard accessories.

Gigabyte positions this activity as an indispensable device for modders, but it can be useful to regular users because it expands the possibilities of the Board in the system configuration of PC cooling and management.

#Design and capabilities

Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme stands out from other boards with Socket AM4 not only because of its immodest price. In addition, it can be called outstanding in size and weight. The fact that it is made in the form factor EATX, and it is almost completely closed with metal casings on both sides. On the outer side of the surface of the Board is almost completely hidden behind the chipset and M. 2 slots, and decorative shrouds passing through the edges of the Board.

On the reverse side of the same Board reinforced with an aluminum plate with “nano” coating, made for the best teplosetevaya.

Efficient heat sink – an important trump card Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme. The fact that it was thanks to a carefully designed cooling system of the chipset and use the back plate X570 Aorus Xtreme complete without a fan on the chipset. This is the only such Board on the market: the rest of the motherboard, built on the same chip, I use active cooling with the use of small fans. This is no problem with temperature of the chip under consideration, X570 Gigabyte does not occur in the passive cooling system copes with heat dissipation from the chip with a thermal package 15 watts. In the process of testing we have never seen a chipset temperature has exceeded 65 degrees.

The secret is not only Gigabyte in size adjacent to the chipset aluminum ingots. The base of the heatsink of the chipset heat pipe is laid, which passes through all the other radiators motherboard, combining into one the cooling system and chipset, and VRM.

And the cooling of the power Converter, the developers of Gigabyte clearly isn’t saved. It uses the classic radiator design used in processor coolers: the core heat pipe passes through the bottom of the radiator, which is fixed in the package slim aluminum fins.

In addition, technology is used in direct contact, and as termoenergetska material selected strip LAIRD having improved thermal conductivity. All this design is quite viable: the power supply circuit of the processor exactly as the chipset, high temperatures did not suffer.

 

However, this is largely due to the way Gigabyte Aorus made X570 Xtreme power Converter. The Board, based on the X570, have a more powerful power supply circuit in comparison with the predecessors, because older processors Ryzen 3000 increased their energy appetites. For X570 Xtreme Aorus, Gigabyte engineers have collected 16-channel scheme (14 phases for the CPU and 2 phases for SoC) based on power stage Infineon TDA21472 controlled PWM controller Infineon XDPE132G5C.

Such a scheme has two key features. First, giant power: each power stage Infineon are designed for currents up to 70 A, that is, the amount of power Converter can give out current up to 1120 A. second, all 16 phases in it – honest, no superalliance or doubling is not here, and so this scheme will differ not only high performance, but low pulsation. In other words, X570 Aorus Xtreme has nearly the best design of the Converter power among all presented in market Socket AM4-plat. At least a real, separately working 16 phases in the Converter power Board for Ryzen, we still have not seen even once.

By the way, enthusiasts can control the Converter power not only in monitoring, but also directly with a multimeter. To simplify this procedure, the Board has a test point for measuring the base voltage.

Anyway, enthusiasts should be very pleased with how designed X570 Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme. It has hardware buttons Power On and Reset indicator POST-codes, two chips BIOS with the ability to manually switch between them and even the possibility of firmware update without CPU and memory. Curiously, the official site of Gigabyte it promises the installation of chip flash memory with the BIOS in “Cribs” for their easy replacement, but in fact they are soldered to the Board.

Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme offers a very convenient set of expansion slots. There are three PCIe x16 slots, the first and second lines connected to the processor, and the last by the chipset X570. Thus, the first two slots can operate in modes x16/x0 or x8/x8 (with support for SLI and CrossFire), and the third always functions as a x4. When you install the processor cost Ryzen 3000 all slots support PCI Express 4.0 to double bandwidth.

This is equally true of slots M. 2, which is also on the Board of three. Of them closest to the Socket AM4 slot meets the processor, and the second and third slots work through the chipset. They are able to take as NVMe and SATA drives.

Special thanks to Gigabyte, I want to say for the successful arrangement of all these slots. Before the first PCIe x16 left a lot of space, which will insert into the Board graphics cards with three slot cooling system, and it will not block the next slot. And M. 2 sockets are placed so as not to be under the video card and not to suffer from external heating. Anyway, about cooling M. 2 drives thought separately: all slots are closed on top of the aluminum heat dissipating plates, which Assembly are integrated with the chipset.

Another feature of the layout of the Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme – the transfer of almost all the internal connectors on the right edge of the Board while they turn parallel to its plane. This applies to both the 24-pin ATX power supply and many other connectors: to connect the five case fans for led strips, for the administration of the case. Also on the right side of the Board similarly withdrawn six SATA ports, four USB ports 3.2 Gen1 and two USB 2.0 ports.

However, the fit is still not all the connectors. For example, outside the right side on the circuit Board located internal USB port 3.2 Gen2 connectors for the fans of the CPU cooler and various sensors of the monitoring system, two 8-pin power connector, processor power, and a connector for connecting the front panel audio connectors of the case. Even so, specific design X570 Aorus Xtreme helps to optimize cable gear inside the case. Further help can be given and attached to the Board unit AORUS RGB Fan Commander which can shift the power and control of all fans in the system unit.

Backboard also does not look quite usual. And not only that it comes with preinstalled plug I/O Shield. Much more important is the high concentration delivered at her ports: in particular, there is 12 different USB ports that you can even count on the record.

More specifically, among this number, one port is USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C, five ports (red) – USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-A, two ports (blue and grey) USB 3.0, well, four ports (black) USB 2.0. Support PS/2 Gigabyte decided to refuse, but realized two wired network controller with a bandwidth of 10 GB/s and 1 GB/s. Also on the rear panel has two antenna connector Wi-Fi adapter working in standard Wi-Fi 6 (802.11 ax). And of course, it is not complete without audio, five analog and one digital optical S/P-DIF output.

The audio path in the Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme X570 assembled on the basis of eight-channel codec Realtek ALC1220-VB ratio “signal to noise” up to 120 dB and the DAC chip ESS Sabre 9218 with two 32-bit channels and the ratio of signal to noise ratio 130 dB. Naturally, the engineers have not forgotten to isolate the audio circuit from the rest of the Board and implement in the quality of the oscillator TXC and audiophile capacitors WIMA and Nichicon Gold. In other words, the quality of the integrated sound card is beyond doubt, and gilded audiokniga on the back of the PCB do not seem to be empty showing off.

As has become clear, along with the sound of much attention in the Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme paid online features. What, for example, is that a normal Gigabit network controller Intel I211-AT the developers Board added a second – Aquantia AQtion AQC107. Chip Aquantia is one of the few currently existing controllers wired network that supports connections at speeds up to 10 Gbps.

In addition, Gigabyte Aorus X570 Xtreme added support and wireless network, which is implemented with the latest module Intel Wi-Fi 6 AX200. It is compatible with the IEEE 802.11 ax and configuration 2T2R capable of providing data transmission speeds to 2.4 GB/s. Also in the module AX200 supported standard Bluetooth 5.

At the end of the experience X570 Gigabyte Aorus Xtreme is to say that everything else this Board is very advanced in the field of hardware monitoring. So, the Board controls the temperature of seven different nodes of the system, plus it is possible to connect two external temperature sensors (included). Moreover, Gigabyte, and now there is another readout – noise. The required sound pressure sensor supplied. Facilities include a total of eight fans, and it is not only able to determine their type and flexibly control their speed, but under specified conditions is able to stop them completely.

Plus, eight controllable fans can be connected via an additional device AORUS RGB Fan Commander.

Not spared developers and RGB backlight. However, in this case it is relatively unobtrusive. By default, the highlighted area of the Converter power CPU, chipset and sound card, if this user will seem insufficient, then he can add some led strips on their own – for their connection on the motherboard there are four different connector.

All lights naturally driven: for it is a proprietary app RGB Fusion 2.0.

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