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Kunst! Dig into the ice hyperlipaemia Michelin X-Ice North 4

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Michelin X-Ice North 4 from the first batch of cheaper Continental and Nokia ― a little less than six thousand rubles for tyre size 205/55 R16 vs 6500-8000 rubles for the competitors.

Tired to catch the car in the ruts that appear every spring in the left ranks of the high-speed road Moscow ― Moscow or St. Petersburg Kada? Tired of mud on the body? The main reason of these troubles, as shown by the Scandinavian study, is studded tires. They gnaw through the roadbed, resulting in the same ultrafine PM10 particles with a diameter of 10 microns or less. For combat the dust studded tires are banned in most European countries and even in Japan, comparable with Russia on climate change. But Michelin does not care a straw: their new X-Ice North 4 is nearly 290 spikes in a 19-inch wheel!

Central rib increases stability on the pavement where North 4 should not be worse than North 3. Reinforced frame Ironflex taken from tyres Michelin XM2. The tread depth is 8.4 mm, pattern mm depth around the spikes are purely decorative.

This is a record ― the nearest competitor at less than one third of the spikes. At the St. Petersburg presentation for comparison with the new Michelin are the leaders in independent tests ― 9 Nokian Hakkapeliitta and Continental IceContact 2. The difference in longitudinal dynamics are noticeable even without instruments. The brake way on ice with 60 km/h close to Nokian tyres and the Conti and the Michelin hyperspanner selected as aggregatelevel wagon Audi A6 allroad stops about a case before.

Instrumental measurements it is difficult to give an exact due to the changeable covers, but Racelogic VBox shows winning Michelin about two feet in braking distance on ice from 20 to five kilometers per hour. When comparing sets, worn mileage 10 000 km, the superiority of the tyre X-Ice North 4 even more — to a meter with the same slow 20-5 km/h.

In the tire of tradable size 205/55 R16 ― 250 studs, located in 22 longitudinal and 22 transverse series. Potential locations for studding ― about 1400, but in the end chose the “quiet” configuration. The tread of the tires wider than 255 mm is slightly different.

On a winding ice road Nokian and Continental are especially wrong in the slide safer and predictable than X-Ice North 4. But Michelin makes it significantly later, and higher grip in the longitudinal direction increase the effect of the stabilization system: XP-R-rum, and you’re back on the course. And the most amazing X-Ice North 4 all quiet on the pavement, where Hakka exasperated low-frequency rumble, and IceContact ― the clatter of studs affixed complex shape. And “zero” on the wheel from Michelin with clear. Due to what?

The tapered form of the end of the housing tenon is borrowed from Motorsport: when you tilt the carbide core is pulled out of ice. The relative positions of the spikes as much as twenty-two paths is optimized to avoid acoustic resonance phenomena.

Spikes ― the usual round shape, is inserted with regulated standards by the departure of 1.2 mm plus 0.3 mm For uniform wear of the stud body, now not aluminum, and steel (say, it starts to corrode the normal operation will not interfere). And the total increase in the mass of spikes on 200 grams offset about the same weight reduction of the tire. In the end it is no heavier than a Nord the third generation — 9.6 kg for size 205/55 R16. However, in the fixing of studs there is no progress. They are simply inserted into the rubber, and, judging by the reviews on Драйве2, it is the loss of “claws” was the main claim to the previous Nord.

For compact snow extended tread blocks with lots of sipes. Slots dowry U-shaped form, allowing you to block them sooner and harder. Alas, on tests such coverage is not submitted. Tread compound works down to minus 65 degrees.

Decisive for the coupling properties on ice is the number of spikes in an optimized, longer contact patch: they are here now fits as much as 24 against the previous eight-nine! However, on its own Michelin data on the ice in Russia is a maximum of five percent of the winter run. It turns out, most of the time the spikes bite the asphalt, wearing it especially hard when it is covered with liquid reagents ― this blows every foreign study.

The number of spikes in the end like as in conflict with the regulations. For example, according to the Russian rules of certification, the number of spikes must not exceed 60 pieces per meter protector. In Europe in 2013 is allowed only 50. If you follow the letter of the technical requirements, the biggest at the moment the tyre X-Ice North 4 size 265/40 R19 should be less than 109 spikes. And there are 287!

All tyres X-Ice North 4 produced in the performance of the XL (Extra Load, reinforced frame). Sizes from 15 to 17 inches in the suburbs (including for export), and 18-19 inches in Poland and Hungary. Later there will be 20-inch versions and version SUV.

To spend the market of tyre with a strong excess of the norms Michelin uses a legal loophole. Thorns can be as long as the tires have undergone a special wear test of the road called “over-run” designed and implemented by the world’s only certified Finnish laboratory Test World. Tested needs all of the 35 available for the upcoming winter sizes bore diameter from 15 to 19 inches. Michelin X-Ice North 4 successfully passed this test: in order to reduce wear of the fabric, among other things, new tires refused thermosetting mixture plotava pillow spike at low temperatures.

Ice track at the autodrome Saint-Petersburg liked it, although for completeness I wanted to ride in the snow and on the wet asphalt ― and cleared to dry pavement was only a small dvuhsotmetrovy straight. But slow it was not possible.

However, what abroad is growing skepticism about the “over-wound” — a very specific test conditions. For the measurement of wear is used not asphalt, and special granite (see box below). Research carried out at zero temperature, rather than winter. And the main thing ― the speed of travel of the car is only 100 km/h. how Often do you ride in an empty ring road with the Ring?

On winter models accounted for 55% of sales of the Russian tire market. The share of studded versions, according to Michelin, is 77% and growing.

Norway, for example, recently refused to allow on the road tire certified by “over-wound”. Fifty studs per meter ― and that’s that, or whatever it will be in Norwegian. However, Russia, Sweden and Finland from the consumer point of view X-Ice North 4 vying for the title of favorite the new winter season. A brief introduction has shown that he is certainly a cut better than dull Michelin third generation ― by the way, spiked old-fashioned, in accordance with the rate of the number of spikes per meter. Now waiting for the competitors three hundred thorns. Who’s first?

Gnaw granite of Kuru

The size of one 300-gram tiles for the certification test of granite Kuru — 90x75x20 mm. weighed Her before and after the test, pre-dried according to special standardized methods.

Finnish test center Test World since 1980-ies of the developed technique of measurement of the wear of the coating with the studded tires. The basic idea is that the bus (or rather, car) rolled a number of times in the sample of material, the weight of which is precisely measured at the beginning and end of the cycle. How much easier was the sample was so worn out surface. Experiments with different types of coatings forced to stop the granite from the Finnish field of Kuru. It was stated that the dies of this breed is the most stable properties over the entire area and depth.

In the package, on which the car passes, 15 tiles.

“Over-run” provides 200 passages on samples on the car, shod in new tyres features with the speed of 100 km/h ― it’s 400 effects of tires on granite. Granite cubes pre-cutting for the emergence of grooves and flow (wear a wet coating and a half to three times more dry). Initially after administration of the test evil tongues hinted at a friendly relationship test with the Finnish company Nokian, whose tires are the first to fully use the advantages of the new method of certification. But the example of Michelin says it is likely speculation.

Behind the scenes

Scale Michelin tire presentation, held in March, at least not inferior to that of many car ― dozens of journalists and bloggers, excellent organization and logistics. However, many of the guests were not in the theme. In the “Peregrine” I heard about this conversation between two young people: “Hey, how the tires to test? I first”. “Nothing complicated, take, and worn. Last time even a Porsche to drive Dali”. Fortunately, did not disappoint the weather: despite the beginning of calendar spring, steady minus 10-15 degrees allowed not only to travel around a full ice, but like right on the Fontanka and the Moika.

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Hyundai has launched in Russia the production of heavy trucks

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Pilot production of the new commercial vehicles Hyundai started on the capacities of the Kaliningrad plant “Avtotor”. The line was supplemented by heavy trucks Xcient. Now coming off the Assembly line the first batch of large vehicles of the Korean brand.

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In Russia will soon be a serial production of several models Hyundai Xcient with add-ons. These heavy trucks are intended particularly for different types of construction works. We are talking about trucks with a large capacity, and their wheel formula – 8×4; road-construction equipment, established on the basis of chassis formula 6×4; as well as the main tractors with formula 4×2.

The company explained that trucks Hyundai Xcient and machinery, created on their basis were developed according to European standards and adapted to Russian climatic and road conditions. They are equipped with diesel 6-cylinder inline engines with recoil 340, 380 and 410 HP

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To date range of commercial vehicles Hyundai, represented on the Russian market are HD35, HD35С, HD65, HD78, HD120 and HD170. All of these models are produced at the facilities of Kaliningrad enterprise. Recall, also, “Avtotor” produces cars of South Korean brand: Sonata, Tucson, Elantra, Santa Fe and Grand Santa Fe.

In addition to this, Hyundai has its own plant in St. Petersburg, where established manufacturing some of the most popular cars in Russia: Hyundai Solaris and Creta, as well as Kia Rio. For the first eight months of 2018, they took the fourth, fifth and first places respectively in the list of the most popular models in the country.

QZ 0441

Not so long ago Kolesa.ru reported that Hyundai had problems with the signing of specinvtehnica, as the Korean group wants to invest in engineering development in Russia. On this issue, the Governor of St. Petersburg Georgy Poltavchenko has already asked the Vice-Prime Minister Dmitry Kozak. So the chance that the company will manage to conclude an agreement before the expiration of the agreement on industrial Assembly, there is. So, Hyundai may not lose tax benefits.

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Company UAZ started deliveries of SUVs in Mexico

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Uaz pickup,Uaz hunter,Uaz patriot. «Мексика — страна пикапов, их здесь много. Мексика — наша страна, мы здесь однозначно обречены на успех», — заявлял год назад директор по экспорту УАЗа Андрей Дорофеев.

Konstantin Bolotov, 2 hours ago. Photo: UAZ

“Mexico is the land of pickup trucks, many of them here. Mexico is our country, we are definitely doomed to success” — said a year ago, the export Director of the Oise Andrey Dorofeyev.

In Mexico, there are private UAZ (Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas): University of Zacatecas this year celebrates the 50th anniversary and therefore, glimpsed in the national news. About our UAZ local media are somehow not write, and in fact, the Ulyanovsk automobile plant begins to “large supply of the entire range of”. We are talking about several hundred cars a year. Until the end of 2018 will arrive 100 Hunters, as well as test samples of a Patriot, Pickup, Pros and “minivan UAZ-2206”.

Export of the name “minivan” it’s time to collect. The Chinese definition of All-terrain off-road MPV and Italian Bukhanka joins the name of the ancient cities of Uzbekistan. Whether there will be. In “the geography of the Oise” seems to include Bolivia, Haiti, Cuba, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador.

The Mexican distributor of Ulyanovsk became Logistics Dynamics Corporation (LDC, she’s LDE) in Monterrey, which should not be confused with the American firm Logistic Dynamics, Inc. In 2017, the Corporation imported a 39 cars, the start of homologation, certification and market research. On the shoulders of the LDC lies with the creation of a dealer network and after-sales service. The official website presents five models (Patriot, by the way, renamed the Patrol), but without the price. In 2019 the planned delivery of the three hundred machines, opening dealerships in Cancun and Guadalajara. In June it should make the school off-road driving in Mexico city.

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Insiders talked about the new motors models Jeep Wrangler

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Jeep wrangler. Число агрегатов на Рэнглере будет постепенно увеличиваться, а венчать ассортимент должна гибридная система с зарядкой от розетки (на основе турбомотора 2.0).

Leonid Popov, 54 minutes ago. Photo: Jeep

The number of units on the Wrangler will gradually increase, and to crown range have a hybrid system with charging from the wall (based on the turbo 2.0).

About the introduction for the Wrangler three-liter diesel instead of the previous unit 2.8 (163 HP, 400 N•m), as well as of its release in the US, insiders said before the SUV into the light. But the first diesel in this generation of the Jeep Wrangler received the Europeans: they gave the Quartet II 2.2 MultiJet (200 HP, 450 N•m). Now, in the documents U.S. dealers found the first evidence about the long-awaited diesel engine 3.0. Resource JL Wrangler Forums.com got order codes modifications and learned their transcripts. One of them means four-door version, Unlimited Sport, Sahara and Rubicon with diesel engine 3.0, system start/stop (ESS) and an eight “automatic”.

At the time of the premiere Jeep Wrangler with index JL received only “aspirated” V6 3.6 (289 HP, 352 N•m) with a simple “start/stop” and “turbochetverku” 2.0 (272 PS, 400 N•m) fitted with a combined 48-volt starter generator belt driven (BSG). Other versions introduce in stages.

Preliminary data on the impact of: 264 HP and 599 nm. a Similar unit in 2019 to appear at the pick-up Ram 1500. Another that has not been clarified yet, the code for Wrangler could mean a 3.0 diesel with a six-speed “mechanics”. Finally, if you believe the leaks, in the range of the SUV will appear engine 3.6 BSG, that is, with the integrated motor generator (belt driven). Thus, the familiar “aspirated” 3.6 turn into a mild hybrid. Happen this upgrade maybe before the end of this year. In the coming months, waiting for the declassification and three-liter diesel.

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