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Fully Autonomous Car Still Not Ready for Prime Time

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has confirmed what many people already know: Current autonomous vehicle systems aren’t ample substitutes for human drivers.

For a recent “Reality Check” study, the nonprofit tested five driver-assist systems from BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Tesla, and Volvo.

The results are, well … varied.

“We have found situations where the vehicles under semi-automated control may do things that can put you and your passengers at risk, and so you really need to be on top of it to prevent that from happening,” IIHS chief research officer David Zuby said in a statement, as reported by the Associated Press.

Humans have a love-hate relationship with technology. While devices like computers, smartphones, and interactive speakers have made our lives better, they’ve also opened the door to new risks. The same goes for autonomous cars.

According to the Virginia-based nonprofit, when test vehicles didn’t perform as expected, the outcomes ranged from “the irksome” (too-cautious braking) to “the dangerous” (veering toward the shoulder because sensors didn’t detect lane lines).

IIHS focused its evaluations on adaptive cruise control and active lane-keeping—each with consumer pros and cons.

Adaptive cruise control (ACC) maintains a set speed and following distance, slowing for cars ahead, or coming to a full stop when necessary. Unfortunately, it may not react to already-stopped vehicles.

During an experiment with ACC turned off and autobrake turned on, Tesla’s Model S and Model 3 vehicles (moving at 31 miles per hour) were the only two cars that failed to stop in time, embarrassingly hitting a stationary balloon.

How does your favorite autonomous system stack up? (via Insurance Institute for Highway Safety)

But when the same test was repeated—this time with ACC engaged—the Model S and Model 3 braked earlier and avoided the target.

On the road, test engineers found that all vehicles except Tesla’s Model 3 failed to respond to stopped vehicles ahead.

The five vehicles—BMW 5-Series, Mercedes-Benz E-Class, Volvo S90, and two Teslas—each have automatic emergency braking systems rated “superior” by IIHS.

“At IIHS we are coached to intervene without warning, but other drivers might not be as vigilant,” senior research engineer Jessica Jermakian said. “ACC systems require drivers to pay attention to what the vehicle is doing at all times and be ready to brake manually.”

Manufacturers are careful to remind drivers that the shorthand “hands off” shouldn’t be taken literally. But titles like “Autopilot” (Tesla) or “Pilot Assist” (Volvo) can give people a false sense of security.

“They will help you with some steering or speed control but you really better be paying attention because they don’t always get it right,” Zuby said.

Especially BMW owners: In active lane-keeping challenges, the 5-series “steered toward or across the lane line regularly,” IIHS revealed, forcing drivers to override the steering support. The car failed to stay in the lane on all 14 trials.

This doesn’t spell doom for autonomous vehicles, though. The Institute continues to run tests and compile its consumer rating system for advanced driver assistance systems.

“We’re not ready to say yet which company has the safest implementation of Level 2 driver assistance, but it’s important to note that none of these vehicles is capable of driving safely on its own,” Zuby said.

“A production autonomous vehicle that can go anywhere, anytime isn’t available at your local car dealer and won’t be for quite some time,” he added. “We aren’t there yet.”

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Mobile App Extends Smartphone Battery 10-25 Percent

Forget world peace and global warming: Researchers have finally found a way to extend the life of smartphone batteries by up to an hour each day.

A team at the University of Waterloo in Canada developed a mobile app that reduces devices’ energy consumption without any significant impact on performance.

But iOS users will have to stick to bulky battery packs and tangled charging cables. According to a study published by the journal IEEE Access, the program is currently aimed only at Android handsets.

Split-view—the most prominent feature in Android Nougat 7.0—allows folks to run multiple windows and files at the same time, as on a desktop or laptop computer.

“This results in unnecessary energy drain,” co-author Kshirasagar Naik, a Waterloo professor of electrical and computer engineering, said in a statement.

“We have developed an app which users can install on their devices and use to reduce the brightness of non-critical applications,” he continued. “So, when you’re interacting with one application, the brightness of the other window goes down, thereby [reducing] the energy consumption on the device.”

In an experiment involving 200 smartphone users, the energy-saving technique extended battery life by 10 to 25 percent.

And while that might not sound like much, anyone who has ever watched their screen go black mid-social media update or lost a call to a dead battery will appreciate that extra boost—which could mean the difference between arriving at your Google Maps destination and getting lost in the dark.

“What happens now is that you put the phone on a charger for the night and when you leave home the next day the battery is at 100 percent, but there is a lot of behind-the-scenes computation and communication going on, and it drains the battery,” Naik explained.

“By midday, charge is reduced to 30 percent, and from the user’s perspective, that is a big pain,” he said. “Due to excess energy consumption, the phone becomes warmer and warmer while the frequent charging reduces the life of the battery. So, batteries that are meant to last for three years may have to be replaced in two years.”

Hey, we’ve all been there. Here’s to hoping this app hits digital stores soon.

Improvements are being made with cell batteries every day. The Samsung Galaxy 9 is apart of that. Read our full hands-on review of the new phone here.

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AI KOs Pro DotA 2 Players in Live Tournament

In another win for artificial intelligence, AI bots successfully defeated a group of professional Defense of the Ancients (DotA) 2 players.

The multiplayer online battle arena mod pits two teams against each other in an attempt to destroy their opponent’s home base, known as an Ancient.

And that’s exactly what OpenAI Five—a set of five cooperative machine learning systems—did during a recent tournament.

The day began with a warm-up: audience volunteers playing the first public match against Five, which won in 14 minutes (an evenly matched game generally takes 45 minutes).

Once limbered up, the AI unit took on—and wiped the floor with—five North American pros: William “Blitz” Lee, Austin “Capitalist” Walsh, Ioannis “Fogged” Loucas, Ben “Merlini” Wu, and David “MoonMeander” Tan.

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Boasting a new ability to draft heroes, OpenAI Five won the first game in only 21 minutes and 37 seconds, and the second in fewer than 25 minutes.

This victory “is a step towards advanced AI systems which can handle the complexity and uncertainty of the real world,” OpenAI wrote in a blog announcement.

For the third match, the non-profit relinquished its greatest skill, instead of allowing audience members to select Five’s characters, putting the machine at a severe disadvantage. It ultimately lost to the humans after 35 minutes and 47 seconds.

“These results,” according to the blog, “give us confidence in moving to the next phase of this project: playing a team of professionals at The International,” held in Vancouver from Aug. 20-25.

Keep an eye on social media for additional game details

But OpenAI Five has dreams greater than DotA 2.

“Ultimately, we will measure the success of our DotA system in its application to real-world tasks,” the firm said.

Founded in 2015 by Elon Musk and Sam Altman, OpenAI aims to promote and develop friendly AI; it also collaborates with other institutions and researchers by making patents and research open to the public.

For all the latest in eSports news head over to our section here.

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Students Build Shoelace-Tying Robot for $600

Over, under, around, and through: Students at the University of California, Davis, engineered a robot capable of tying a shoe.

And it cost far less than any state-of-the-art android.

“This machine,” according to a video published by team member Andrew Choi, “was designed and manufactured with the limitations of only being able to use two motors and a $600 budget.”

Neither compact nor speedy, the device, which uses the Ian Knot (“world’s fastest,” according to its creator), is certainly not going to be part of IKEA’s winter catalogue.

And while DARPA could probably build something faster and sleeker—that also climbs stairs and pulls people from burning wreckage—this contraption is clever, innovative, and, perhaps most importantly: cheap.

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(It remains unclear, however, whether the machine actually works with a foot placed inside the shoe.)

Initially reported on Reddit—posted by UC Davis lecturer Jason Moore (moorepants)—the shoe-tying robot has received a lot of attention since its construction for an annual design competition with Meijo University in Japan.

“We, the professors, come up with machine design challenges,” Moore explained in a statement to Geek. “Student groups in Meijo and UCD work on the machines for about five months independently, and then they come together in Davis to compete.

“The challenges are designed to test the students’ ingenuity, let them make use of their new engineering skills, and to help them learn some about how culture affects machine design,” he continued. “This group did excellent work. It is the only fully functioning shoe typing machine we’ve been able to find on the Internet.”

If this is what a group of five novice engineers can do with $600 and two motors, imagine the possibilities given more money and equipment.

The team includes Choi, Gabriela Gomes, Jacklyn Tran, Stephanie Thai, and Joel Humes.

UC Davis has a history of interesting robots: Biologist Gail Patricelli, of the Department of Evolution and Ecology, recently developed robotic fowl, capable of flirting its way into the hearts of male sage-grouses. The study aimed to learn courtship tactics and analyze coupling decisions.

Editor’s note: This article was updated at 11:50 a.m. ET with comment from Jason Moore.

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