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Fully Autonomous Car Still Not Ready for Prime Time

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The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has confirmed what many people already know: Current autonomous vehicle systems aren’t ample substitutes for human drivers.

For a recent “Reality Check” study, the nonprofit tested five driver-assist systems from BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Tesla, and Volvo.

The results are, well … varied.

“We have found situations where the vehicles under semi-automated control may do things that can put you and your passengers at risk, and so you really need to be on top of it to prevent that from happening,” IIHS chief research officer David Zuby said in a statement, as reported by the Associated Press.

Humans have a love-hate relationship with technology. While devices like computers, smartphones, and interactive speakers have made our lives better, they’ve also opened the door to new risks. The same goes for autonomous cars.

According to the Virginia-based nonprofit, when test vehicles didn’t perform as expected, the outcomes ranged from “the irksome” (too-cautious braking) to “the dangerous” (veering toward the shoulder because sensors didn’t detect lane lines).

IIHS focused its evaluations on adaptive cruise control and active lane-keeping—each with consumer pros and cons.

Adaptive cruise control (ACC) maintains a set speed and following distance, slowing for cars ahead, or coming to a full stop when necessary. Unfortunately, it may not react to already-stopped vehicles.

During an experiment with ACC turned off and autobrake turned on, Tesla’s Model S and Model 3 vehicles (moving at 31 miles per hour) were the only two cars that failed to stop in time, embarrassingly hitting a stationary balloon.

How does your favorite autonomous system stack up? (via Insurance Institute for Highway Safety)

But when the same test was repeated—this time with ACC engaged—the Model S and Model 3 braked earlier and avoided the target.

On the road, test engineers found that all vehicles except Tesla’s Model 3 failed to respond to stopped vehicles ahead.

The five vehicles—BMW 5-Series, Mercedes-Benz E-Class, Volvo S90, and two Teslas—each have automatic emergency braking systems rated “superior” by IIHS.

“At IIHS we are coached to intervene without warning, but other drivers might not be as vigilant,” senior research engineer Jessica Jermakian said. “ACC systems require drivers to pay attention to what the vehicle is doing at all times and be ready to brake manually.”

Manufacturers are careful to remind drivers that the shorthand “hands off” shouldn’t be taken literally. But titles like “Autopilot” (Tesla) or “Pilot Assist” (Volvo) can give people a false sense of security.

“They will help you with some steering or speed control but you really better be paying attention because they don’t always get it right,” Zuby said.

Especially BMW owners: In active lane-keeping challenges, the 5-series “steered toward or across the lane line regularly,” IIHS revealed, forcing drivers to override the steering support. The car failed to stay in the lane on all 14 trials.

This doesn’t spell doom for autonomous vehicles, though. The Institute continues to run tests and compile its consumer rating system for advanced driver assistance systems.

“We’re not ready to say yet which company has the safest implementation of Level 2 driver assistance, but it’s important to note that none of these vehicles is capable of driving safely on its own,” Zuby said.

“A production autonomous vehicle that can go anywhere, anytime isn’t available at your local car dealer and won’t be for quite some time,” he added. “We aren’t there yet.”

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‘Alita: Battle Angel’ Taps Performance Capture Tech to Elevate Effects

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Alita: Battle Angel is a thrilling mix of powerful cyborgs, post-apocalyptic cities, and gory fights. The sci-fi movie’s action sequences are courtesy of an advanced innovation: performance capture technology.

The futuristic flick, which hits theaters on Feb. 14, follows Alita (Rosa Salazar), an abandoned cyborg who becomes a fierce warrior to fight corrupt forces. This plot would be hard to accomplish with basic animation, however, performance capture technology enabled the movie’s team to generate lifelike special effects, PCMag reported.

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“This is the tech we’ve been developing. In an earlier test shoot, for [a movie that never got made, based on the novel] Brother Termite, when aliens were arriving, we had an actor perform with an umbrella rig around his head—12 cameras—everywhere,” Jon Landau, the producer of the film, told PCMag. “We saw a future where we would use that facial performance capture to drive performance rather than animating it.”

To make this digital vision possible, Alita: Battle Angel’s team partnered with Weta Digital, a visual effects company based in New Zealand. Unlike other animation systems, this performance capture technology doesn’t interfere with actors’ performances.

Rosa Salazar as Alita in ‘Alita: Battle Angel’ (Photo Credit: PCMag)

“The giant system [we have today], when it loses a data point, it’s still able to solve for the skeleton and what the muscles do,” Landau added. “[In our partnership with] Weta Digital … we’re now [able] to create Salazar’s performance from the inside, driving the performance from a muscle base—not putting a mask on the actor through animation—to make sure we are living up to the performance that Salazar is giving us.”

According to Weta Digital, performance capture technology notes details of an actor’s face performance, analyzes how their muscles move, and then maps these motions onto a virtual character. (For example, see Salazar above with dots on her face during the filming process.) What makes this technology cool is that it provides animated figures with human-like reactions, so directors can keep a good shooting flow without stopping to map every facial movement.

“I’m pretty technically proficient and I usually do my own visual effects supervisor role, but now I get to geek out with [Weta Digital],” Robert Rodriguez, Alita: Battle Angel’s director, told PCMag. “We can take it to another level having them and their knowledge.”

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General Motors Starts Taking Orders for Its First Electric Bike

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General Motors is reimagining future transportation with its first ARĪV electric bike brand.

In November 2018, General Motors held a global crowdfunding campaign for its new eBike brand. After fans submitted potential names, General Motors decided to call the brand ARĪV, which is pronounced like “arrive.”

The brand includes two connected eBikes: the Meld compact eBike and the Merge folding eBike, which will each retail between $3,106 and $3,782 in Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands. General Motors, which is taking preorders for the eBikes now via BikeExchange.com, said it will start shipping orders in a few months.

General Motors didn’t provide too many details on the eBikes, however, it said that the eBikes’ motors can reach speeds up to 15.5 mph and contain four levels of pedal-assisted power. There are also key safety features, including a rechargeable front, rear LED lights, and oversized break rotors. Plus, the eBikes’ batteries can be charged in approximately 3.5 hours and receive up to 40 miles of ride time on a single charge.

ARĪV Merge Electric Bike (Photo Credit: General Motors)

Connectivity is another key feature for both eBikes: They can connect to an app that provides users with key riding metrics, including distance, motor assist level, remaining battery level, and speed. Each eBike comes with a Quad Lock mount as well, so users can safely secure a smartphone to the handlebars during rides. General Motors also said it’s working on additional app features, including, “a mode that will use a proprietary algorithm to help riders arrive at their destination sweat-free.”

General Motors did not disclose if its new eBikes will be available in the U.S. and other countries, however, more details on specs and pricing are available on Bike Exchange’s website.

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NYC Author Ditches Smartphone for a Year to Enter $100,000 Vitaminwater Contest

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A New York-based millennial is giving up her smartphone for a year to try to win $100,000 from Vitaminwater.

In December, Vitaminwater introduced its phone-free challenge on Instagram and Twitter, which asked the social media community if they would ditch their smartphones for 12 months in exchange for the ultimate reward: $100,000 in cash.

On Friday, Vitaminwater, which sorted through more than 100,000 entries submitted on Instagram and Twitter, named its chosen candidate: Elana Mugdan, a 30-year-old filmmaker and young adult fantasy writer who lives in the New York City area, CNBC reported. Mugdan, who submitted an informercial-style video on Twitter, impressed judges with her humorous perspective on smartphone addiction.

Mugdan will trade her iPhone 5S for a throwback cellular device from Vitaminwater: A Kyocera flip phone without modern smartphone amenities like social media apps, direct messaging, and photo editing. For the next year, she won’t be allowed to use any smartphones or tablets, however, she can use desktop computers and laptops.

If she wins the challenge, Mugdan plans to donate some of her funds to charities and financially support her writing career. With the challenge, she aims to show other millennials that it’s possible to enjoy living in the moment without having a smartphone.

“I have this fantastic once a lifetime opportunity. You know you only get one chance, right?” Mugdan told CNBC. “So I want to use it for something good — I want to make a difference, make an impact, and get people talking about important things.”

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