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From wood to electric cars: remember all passenger vans USSR

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The current selection of light commercial vehicles is very broad: one only offers and VAZ Largus, and “heels” on the basis of Granta – and the cars and say nothing. But in the Soviet Union, despite the relative small number of factories for the production of cars, produced in small vehicles for transportation of goods – passenger vans. Their history is long and intricate than you might think, and even this type of cars was a kind of “taboo” for ordinary motorists, although they were produced in tens of thousands per year. In this review, experimental and serial, minivan and compact, and passenger vans of the Soviet era.

Forties: it was the name Muscovite

In pre-war time cars vans prefabrication in the USSR simply did not exist – for the transport of goods used classic trucks like the GAZ-a or open pickups GAS-М415.

In the summer of 1945, Joseph Stalin chose the car, which after the war was supposed to be a massive Soviet runabout. At the Moscow plant of small cars (MZMA) decided to launch mass production of pre-war Opel Kadett, which was brought by German engineers automakers, which together with the Soviet designers had to prepare the technical documentation and manufacture master models of all the parts. Some work on the body was entrusted to the civilian Germans who worked in the former Department of the company DKW of Csapou. With the approval of the Soviet side, the German specialists have been developing not one body of the future Muscovite, and whole family.

It is interesting that Stalin categorically banned the chief designer MZMA Andronovo to make changes in the design of the original Opel Kadett K38. Because it was not about to improve the basic model, and the creation on its base vehicles for various purposes. Among several experimental samples received from Germany to Moscow in 1946, were as much as four vehicles for the transport of goods – two-passenger station wagon and two vans with “blind” walls, with one pair of bodies were all metal, and the other two combined, with wooden sides. These and engineers have developed a DKW, which before the war actively used wood for the manufacture of car bodies.

The idea of the compact cars indoor a “truck” for transportation of small shipments like the Soviet side, so the sedan and wagon were approved for launch.

However, due to shortage of sheet steel and production of new stamps from the more elegant all-metal version was abandoned in favor of “pieces of wood”. The Ministry of automotive industry and leadership MZMA to facilitate decided to give up the most massive stamp the roof… the soft top from

artificial skin that stretched tight on the power frame of transverse and longitudinal wooden elements! At the same time, the German project is somewhat simplified in design, abandoning the complex curves of wooden struts and wings deck lid.

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Hammer on the Jeep: GM wants to resurrect the Hummer brand

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With the change of generations of the Mazda 3 was the most expensive in the segment

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Mazda 3. В России будут продаваться машины с бензиновыми атмосферниками Skyactiv-G. Базовая версия 1.5 (120 сил, 153 Н•м) с «механикой» разгоняется до 100 км/ч за 11,3 с, а с «автоматом» за 12,4. С двухлитровым мотором (150 л.с., 213 Н•м) двухпедальный хэтчбек делает сотню за 9,3 с.

In Russia will sell cars with gasoline atmospherically Skyactiv-G. the basic version 1.5 (120 forces, 153 N•m) with the “mechanics” accelerates to 100 km/h in 11.3 s, but with automatic transmission for 12.4. With two-liter engine (150 HP, 213 N•m) two pedal drive hatchback makes a hundred for 9,3 C.

In July, dealers will begin to place orders for sedans and hatchbacks Mazda 3 fourth generation. Others will be more democratic pyatidverka with the “mechanics” and engine of 1.5 (120 HP), which is only available in the base Drive for the 1.49 million. In the start-up kit includes seven airbags, led headlights, air conditioning, rain sensors and light, multimedia system with a display of 8.8 inches, and even a projection display. But the wheels assembled on their “steel forgings”, and the steering wheel has leather finishing.

Leather trim as pictured, the Russian cars will not. Also, we did not bring modifications to the new engine Skyactiv-X and all-wheel drive.

All other versions are two pedal drive. The second level of equipment Acitve only possible for a sedan (1.57 million). Here added leather braid steering, dual-zone climate front seats and heated mirrors, cruise control and 16-inch wheels made of light alloy. The hatchback is by 20 thousand more (1.59 million), besides he is a two-liter (1 678 000). In the top configuration Supreme (1 753 000) appears electric driver’s seat with memory, electrochromic mirror driver side, as well as Parking sensors in both bumpers, along with rear view camera. The alloy wheel diameter increased to 18 inches.

Four-door “matryoshka” Japanese Assembly for the price intersects with the larger Mazda 6 (1 498 000), which is produced in Vladivostok.

With such pricing, the Mazda will have a hard time. For the price of a sedan (1 570 000 rubles), you can take any of the competitors, and the top version with more powerful powertrains. The closest thing to “the doll” at a cost of getting a Toyota Corolla, but it is with the motor 1.6 (122 HP) and CVT is cheaper (1 318 000). And the hatchback’s main rival will be the Volkswagen Golf, which with a turbo engine 1.4 TSI (125 HP) and “robot” DSG starts from 1 429 900 rubles.

Model and accessories Motor (horsepower, HP), transmission* Price, RUB.
Ford Focus Trend 1.6 (105) AT6 1 053 000
Kia Ceed Comfort 1.6 (128) АТ6 1 129 900
Skoda Octavia Active 1.4 (110) АТ6 1 192 000
Volkswagen Golf Trendline 1.4 (125) P7 1 429 900
Mazda 3 Active 1.5 (120) АТ6 1 590 000
* АТ6 six — speed automatic transmission,
P7 — a seven-speed automated manual peredach.

The catalog of cars

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The price crossover Renault Arkana was moderate

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renault arkana

Renault arkana. На всех фото представлена «максимальная» Arkana. Между тем самую доступную будет легко узнать по чёрным корпусам боковых зеркал, отсутствию хромированных молдингов понизу дверей, «защитных» накладок на бамперы, а также по 17-дюймовым стальным дискам «под литьё».

Konstantin Bolotov, 11 hours ago. Photo: Renault

All the photos represented a “maximum” Arkana. Meanwhile, the most accessible will be easily recognized by the black side mirrors, no chrome mouldings at the bottom of the doors, protective overlays on the bumpers and 17-inch steel disks under “casting”.

Basic Arkana with front-wheel drive, aspirated 1.6 (114 HP, 156 N•m) and five-speed “mechanics” was estimated at 999 000 rubles. The version with a variator costs 1 049 990, with all-wheel drive — 1 169 990. Crossover with 1.3 turbo engine (150 HP, 250 N•m) and the stepless transmission X-Tronic “begins” with 1 229 990, whereas for the execution of the 4×4 have to give at least 1 419 990 rubles. Today opened reception of orders, and sales will begin in mid-July.

Leather seat trim relies entirely welcome top version Edition One (1 419 990), all other fabric or a combination of textile/leather. Easy Link media center with an eight-inch display, it is also the prerogative of the most expensive harnesses, but you can take it in the package options Techno for 29 900.

First equipment Life includes four airbags, ESP, led optics, air conditioning, audio system with four speakers. Handlebar adjustable in height and reach, but only one heated — exterior mirrors with electric. In the following the performance of the Drive (1 089 990) appear heated front seats, rear Parking sensors, cruise control with limit switches speed, and rain and light sensors, card key, remote start engine Start Renault, organizer of the underground trunk.

The color “metallic” need to pay 15 990 rubles, and then make a choice out of seven options: white, black, silver, dark gray, red, brown and brown-green.

At the same time prenosniki posted specifications, and we can see that the fastest Arkana — front wheel drive, a turbo engine and a CVT. To disperse hundreds of 10.2 s. she needs to polnoprivodniki. need a 10.5. Here the highest speed — 191 km/h record in the spurt (15,2) belongs to the two pedal drive atmospheric lasso, she is the most modest top speed (172 km/h), but the lowest consumption in the combined cycle — 6.9 liters/100 km. the Most voracious all-wheel drive Arkana 1.6 to 7.7 L. other versions consume 7,1–7,2 L.

Model and accessories Motor (horsepower, HP), transmission* Price, RUB.
Renault Duster Access 1.6 (114), MT5 714 000
Lifan X70 Basic 2.0 (136), MT5 829 000
Renault Kaptur Life 1.6 (114), MT5 944 000
Hyundai Grand Start 1.6 (123), МТ6 957 000
Renault Arkana Life 1.6 (114), МТ6 999 000
Chery Tiggo 5 Connected 2.0 (136), MT5 999 900
Nissan Terrano Comfort 1.6 (114), MT5 1 021 000
Geely Atlas Standard 2.0 (139), МТ6 1 089 990
Nissan Qashqai XE 1.2 (115), МТ6 1 170 000
Mitsubishi ASX Inform 1.6 (117), MT5 1 189 000
Suzuki Vitara GL 1.6 (117), MT5 1 199 000
7 Chery Tiggo Sport 1.5 (152), МТ6 1 199 900
Suzuki SX4 GL 1.6 (117), MT5 1 299 000
Toyota C-HR Ride 1.2 (115), МТ6 1 367 000
* MT5, -6—, five-, six-speed manual transmission.

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