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Find out the stiffness of the updated crossover Hyundai Tucson

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hyundai tucson

Hyundai tucson. Обновлённый кроссовер в народных версиях подорожал на 30–60 тысяч: за базовый переднеприводный Tucson с атмосферной «четвёркой» 2.0 просят 1 399 000 рублей, а самая ходовая версия Lifestyle с тем же мотором и полным приводом обойдётся в 1 649 000.

The updated crossover in folk versions has risen by 30-60 thousand: for the base front-drive Tucson with the atmospheric “Quartet” 2.0 please 1 399 000 rubles, and the most popular version of Lifestyle with the same engine and all-wheel drive will cost 1 649 000.

The term “facelift” is no accident came in the automotive industry of medicine. One of the oldest principles of medical ethics — “do no harm” — is quite fair and for the designers working on the restyling. Especially if their hand — Tucson, the Hyundai purchased in Europe, one of the most popular compact crossovers in the USA. Even in Russia during the first half of 2018 sold more than ten thousand cars! It is not surprising that this time cost minimally invasive surgery.

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Changes in Tulane not too big, so the video this time — in an experimental format propagation. All the most important thing for a couple of minutes.

Thanks to the easy cosmetics and the updated Tucson has freshened up to a further three years was enough, and the pre-reform car turned into a pumpkin. A little more predatory became squint headlights — primarily due to the failure of lens in favor of a fully diode optics have top versions. The radiator grille has become a full hexagon, and the bumper got relief podshtampovki, supplemented with L-shaped running lamps. The back — on the contrary: the plastic is smoothed, and the shape of the lights softened the spirit of the late biodesign.

Led lights only is based on all-wheel drive cars in high trim levels, starting with the execution of Dynamic…

The interior has changed substantially. In the first place because seriously redesigned the architecture of the front panel. Multimedia display stands over her now like a trendy tablet, and framed the screen from the sides of the deflectors sprawled beneath him. Evolutionary in its essence the change felt like a radical renewal. A little different was the location of the keys on the center console.

…same story with the leatherette on the front panel and the combination of natural with artificial leather on the seats. The car with the base two-liter “aspirated” and the trim as pictured is not less than 1 849 000 rubles.

The devices remained intact, and it was good. Their informative and neutral white illumination had no issues.

It is important to note that the most popular market for versions of 150-strong “aspirated” 2.0, nothing has changed. On the one hand, and the following is enough to justify a price increase up to 60 thousand rubles. On the other — updated Tucson rides better than before. The motor is also sluggish at lower levels, and peak 192 N•m develops at 4000 rpm no matter How precious — this frisky crossover will not be called. Even on the passport he needs to 11.8 with to disperse hundreds with all-wheel drive.

Cushion is a bit short, modest lateral support, profile unremarkable — but you can sit for a very long time.

Tucson also prefer a smooth highway, where it seems quite comfortable and she handles well with a synthetic effort. However, the waves are highly prone to the buildup, and have to go to the broken road — getting out of the passenger entity in the chassis. On medium bumps strong shaking occurs. Besides suspension works with clear sound and large potholes digesting at the limit of intensity. Here, the idea is that something worth to work in the first place — but no.

Test cars do not soften the blow with the base 17-inch wheels. All the large discs with a diameter of 19 inches and low-profile tires Hankook Ventus S1 evo2 SUV dimension 245/45. Shoes 16 size no longer available.

Older versions of Dynamic, equipped with a touch screen diagonal of eight inches (left), NAV c display traffic when connected to the phone via Wi-Fi. In the database — a seven-inch touch screen (right). Both systems are compatible with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto.

The main technical upgrade is considered to be the eight-speed automatic for the 185-strong version with two-liter diesel engine, which for six months, bought 249 people (ten thousand!). Although it was previously the most preferred for ease of traction control. Six-speed box just sinned jerks when switching. Now the torque Converter poblaciones earlier and more often, the responses are better, the gear changes seamless.

Because of the stiffer springs Tucson diesel keener responds to the little stuff. But confident the gasoline is kept in a wavy way where the sin buildup.

The main advantage of the rear sofa wide adjustment range of the backrest. Landing in the Executive relaxed with the growth of 182 cm, I have enough overhead space. But the legs — butt.

The power range is extended by ten percent in both directions, which also promises better dynamics and great fuel efficiency. Claimed consumption decreased by 100-200 ml/100 km depending on certification cycle, but the passport acceleration to 100 km/h remained the same at 9.5 C.

Transverse rolls are small. The deviations of steering the car responds without delay, rotates willingly, not his face. Well worth it for smooth high speed arc.

But Hyundai is trying to adjust the demand by reducing the input price of diesel crossover to 100 thousand rubles to 1 769 000. At first glance, it is not much more expensive than the popular gasoline version of the 2.0 AWD Lifestyle for 1 739 000. But compared to her diesel for the money quite a goal. A well-equipped Tucson 2.0 D Dynamic would cost 1.97 million

System of automatic braking has been successfully demonstrated on the dummy. In a complex Smart Sense also includes adaptive cruise control, a withholding system in the lane, automatic high beam control and blind spots. But all this is for version 2 139 000.

The unpopularity of petrol-top version with a turbo 1.6 T-GDi (108 pieces for six months), it seems that no one is confused. Although she once predicted up to a third of sales. The base for it is the performance Dynamic, and rose 177-horsepower machine is stronger than the other: just starting from 1.9 million For what?

The trunk is a good, capacious: L. 488-1478 of the Back parts are formed in the horizon, under the raised floor — full-size spare wheel on the fifth alloy wheels.

Even though it is the fastest Tucson in the range (for 9.1 s to 100 km/h on the passport), but not the most pleasant to operate because of the lame “robot”, which did not wait for the updates. When alternating loads box can be transfer. This is particularly noticeable on the background of the new “machine”. Only in sport mode is established good relationship with the torque motor. But the city is so inconvenient: on accompanied by jerks, the revs too high, and the box even more confused…

Acoustic comfort is good for city speeds. On the highway it all depends on the asphalt coating on the coarse tyre roar starts to pester after 100 km/h.

It often happens that the planned upgrade is beyond the scope of the definition of “restyling”, but Tousana not the case. The most popular atmospheric modification the Koreans have done it a restyling. Even new equipment seems complex security Smart Sense can appreciate only buyers of expensive versions of High-Tech, and there for six months, have accumulated less than 350. All of this — note the authors of reviews in the style of “suspension not ice — wait for the facelift, when will correct the shortcomings.”

Passport data

Hyundai Tucson 2.0 MPI 1.6 T-GDI 2.0 Diesel
Body
Body type universal universal universal
Number of doors/seats 5/5 5/5 5/5
Length, mm 4480 4480 4480
Width, mm 1850 1850 1850
Height, mm 1655 1655 1655
Wheelbase, mm 2670 2670 2670
Track front/rear mm 1608/1620 1608/1620 1608/1620
Curb weight, kg 1512-1769 1637-1803 1693-1846
Full weight, kg 2060-2150 2200 2250
Trunk volume, l 488-1478 488-1478 488-1478
Engine
Type petrol petrol with direct fuel injection and turbocharging turbo
Location front, transversely front, transversely front, transversely
The number and arrangement of cylinders 4 in a row 4 in a row 4 in a row
Number of valves 16 16 16
Working volume, cm3 1999 1591 1995
Max. power, HP/rpm 150/6200 177/5500 185/4000
Max. torque, N•m/rpm 192/4000 265/1500–4500 400/1750–2750
Transmission
Transmission M6/A6* P7 A8
Drive front/complete full full
Suspension
Front suspension independent, spring, McPherson independent, spring, McPherson independent, spring, McPherson
Rear suspension independent, spring, multilink independent, spring, multilink independent, spring, multilink
The front brakes ventilated disc ventilated disc ventilated disc
Rear brakes disk disk disk
Tires 225/60R17 225/55R18 225/60 R17
Ground clearance, mm 182 182 182
Performance characteristics
Maximum speed, km/h 180-186 201 201
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h, 10,6–11,8 9,1 9,5
Fuel consumption, l/100 km
— urban 10,7–11,8 9,2 8,0
— extra-urban cycle 6,2–6,7 6,5 5,4
combined 7,9–8,4 7,5 6,4
Emissions Euro 5 Euro 5 Euro 5
Fuel tank capacity, l 62 62 62
Fuel AI-95 AI-95 diesel fuel
* M6 — manual, six-speed,
A6 — automatic, six-speed,
P7 — robotic, seven-speed,
A8 — automatic, eight-speed.

Technique

Tucson is based on the modernized chassis of its predecessor ix35 ― McPherson front and memorycache back. During the restyling of chassis changes has not undergone. Clutch rear axle differential ― company WIA Magna Powertrain.

In the power structure of the body 51% of high-strength steels and 102 m of adhesive joints. The result is a five-star rating in crash tests by Euro NCAP maximum rating and Top Safety Pick+ in overseas test Institute IIHS.

Have aluminum engine Nu 2.0 MPI crankshaft is offset from the axis of the cylinders for the sake of reducing friction. The applied low-noise timing chain, shifters installed on the intake and exhaust, changing the length of the intake tract.

Supercharged “four” 1.6 T-GDI Gamma family was submitted in October 2011. There is direct fuel injection, twin scroll turbocharger, the intake tract of variable length shifters on the issue. Pair turbo engine is exclusively double clutch “robot” with two “dry” couplings.

Aluminum four-cylinder turbodiesel Euro 5 R-series with the piezoelectric injector working pressure of up to 1,800 bar debuted in 2009 at the last Tulane. In 2013 was modernized. Now you’ll be a lightweight engine block, optimized variable geometry turbocharger, improved cooling systems and exhaust gas recirculation, and oil variable displacement pump.

Eight-speed hydromechanical “automatic” own development for FWD models Hyudai and Kia debuted the Kia Cadenza sedan. Box as compact as a six-speed, with a 3.5 kg lighter, and the power range is extended by ten percent. For the sake of fuel economy significantly decreased in size oil pump. The control valve (there are now 12 instead of 20) modernized, which reduced the time of switching.

Behind the scenes

On the Federal highway M4 I passed on the adaptive cruise control practically unmanned. Deceived restraint system in the band, downloading the handlebars bottle. The machine thinks it’s the severity at the hands of the driver. Don’t do it! On most local roads of the Voronezh region the wheel just will not release. But there are places with spectacular views.

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New SsangYong Korando was released on the Korean market

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ssangyong korando

Ssangyong korando. Внешность была анонсирована ещё три года назад концептом SIV-2 и почти в том же виде дошла до конвейера. Создатели говорят, что руководствовались трендом Low & Wide — делали Korando широким и приземистым. Примерные размеры: длина — 4440 мм, ширина — 1860, высота — 1640, база — 2675.

Konstantin Bolotov, 1 hour ago. Photos: SsangYong

The appearance was announced three years ago, the concept SIV-2 and almost in the same form reached the conveyor. The creators say they were guided by the trend of the Low & Wide — did Korando broad and squat. Approximate dimensions: length — 4440 mm, width — 1860; height — 1640, the base — 2675.

Today in South Korea opened taking orders for SsangYong Korando fourth generation (C300). Yes, the SUV is still not really shown, the description is sketchy, and the prices assigned. Equipment Shiny on the “mechanics” is worth 22 160 000 won (1.3 million rubles), two pedal drive option Delight is estimated at 25 000 230 (1.48 million), the top version of the Fantastic requests 27 930 000 (1,64 million). Cars will appear at dealers in March.

Decorated fancy, but somehow too Asian. Decorations in place an integrated exhaust pipes baffles. Behind the storage door — 551 liter volume by the VDA (486 l).

Officially named only one engine — the “newly designed” diesel 1.6 (according to rumors, 136), “first in class”. Petrol brethren will represent turboservice 1.5 (supposedly 163 HP) or 1.2. If gamma motor so new and important that later it will divide the family of Tivoli. Mild hybrid and fully electric version will come out eventually.

In the top configuration is Blaze Cockpit. Here digital tidy diagonal of 10.25 inches and nine-inch Central display. Around the perimeter of put led lighting. About the materials yet nothing is said.

Have a six-speed “mechanics” and “automatic” alternative is not visible. All-wheel drive is expected, but the rate on the front. Autopilot “2.5” relies on cameras and radar cruise control, and is called Deep Control. Higher level of safety is provided by seven airbags, the auto brake, the monitoring of dead zones, markings, and so on. Full premiere of Korando for foreign markets, in theory, will be the fifth March in Geneva. On the Russian expanses brand SsangYong is conserved, so the hope for new Actyon — the phantom.

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Watching the transformation of a sedan Mazda 6 in bourgeois

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Mazda 6. «Механики» больше нет, а цены начинаются с полутора миллионов рублей за двухлитровый седан и от 1,68 млн ― за машину с мотором 2.5. Новый наддувный двигатель мощностью 231 л.с. увеличивает стоимость до 2,24–2,42 млн.

“Mechanics” is no more, and the prices range from half a million rubles for a two-liter sedan and from 1.68 million per car with the 2.5 motor. New forced engine capacity of 231 HP increases the cost to 2.24–2.42 million

In the autumn of the current Mazda 6 will celebrate their seventh birthday, whereas generation of the Sonata or Optima change once in five years or more. However, the “six” doesn’t just remain in the ranks, keeping in Russia in fourth place in the segment behind the iconic Camry and changeable Hyundai-Kia. She is in the third facelift, the deep and serious, however, latecomers to the us for a year relative to other markets. Looks almost untouched: front chrome “ate” fog lights, back ran for the lamps, upgraded rims. But the content…

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Mazda is in no hurry to turn the salon into a TV Studio: the display has grown by an inch. To make room for suede “cross”, reduced height air deflectors. The start button need to reach. Instead of black will now be dark brown interiors.

The interior is redrawn from edge to edge, including the front and the door panels, seats, instrument panel. The idea remained the same, and if the changes are intended to emphasize the rich decoration materials. In plain sight laid the array of synthetic suede. Although here they ask big mediadisplay or button secondary functions, hiding on the left behind the steering wheel. The new chair is also implanted chrome, but the wow-effect they cause. Simply convenient: the front appeared quiet ventilation, and the rear even more clearly molded under two. More practical than the Mazda did not.

From new chairs with a deep theoretical background (see the sidebar “Technique”), but the lumbar support is governed only by the depth and bolsters on the cushion too intense squeeze of the thigh. The armrest is small. Rear knee and head high rider still in contact with the car.

At the beginning of the conveyor of life we are praised for the harmony. Now competitive background has changed, and “six” were noisy and hard. I almost said, “as in the best years”, but not time to reflect. For the sake of acoustic comfort the floor of the truck and the power of the cross is made tougher, minimized gaps in the bodywork and finishing panels, added insulation (particularly on the ceiling), revised aerodynamics of the bottom. And coupled with noise absorbing glass front doors, it gives an impressive result: in the car quiet at any speed and at any rpm.

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Active cruise control we did not get up because of the reluctance of the Japanese supplier to be certified in Russia. I more regret that I do not have a speed limiter. The sound of the closing door finally became a noble.

However, the sedan seriously up: with motor 2.5 and over 140 kg. Therefore, the claimed acceleration time to 100 km/h declined by almost half a second, and the nominal fuel consumption in the urban cycle added almost half a liter per hundred. However, Mazda is still easier for Toyota or the Koreans for a few tens of kilograms. Engines Skyactive-G 2.0 and 2.5 has changed hardly: last added two horsepower (now 194), both slightly increased torque, especially in low revs. By the way, about a third of all sales of the “six” had to modification with more powerful engine.

Cartoon speedometer is easy to read due to darkening of irrelevant numbers. But the digital speed display gives only the projector on the windshield with too small characters (in versions from 1.8 million rubles). The media system has grown inferior cameras.

However, atmospheric versions of presentations are not presented. All the attention — the new 2.5 turbo engine with a power of 231 HP With it the sedan for another 38 kg heavier, but, thanks to the powerful thrust from the bottom, the dynamics is hefty and good accuracy of acceleration control is great. So that sportregion not change the settings of the throttle, but only adjusts the algorithm of the six-speed “automatic machine” — in particular, the “cutting off” the last two speeds. To the box of questions was not. Switching is not seamless, but if specially accentuated, the driver felt the connection with the machine.

Led headlights with washers and lights are even in the “base”, and in top trim levels, the light becomes adaptive. Front optics inside it is decorated with a glamorous “star dust”. Incandescent lamps front and rear left only for navigation lights starter.

Chassis is reconfigured dramatically. Aside from the obvious calibration of spring and damper under the increased mass, the Japanese are played by different stiffness of the bushings, buffers, design of compression and rebound and so on. The course was smoother and finer, bumps no longer “poke” fares, and “vykat”. But they are still a bit too much, and the suspension lacks intensity, especially on the compression stroke. The feeling that they were going to some kind of German “premium” with sportpaket, you can not refuse.

Appeared heating zone of peace wiper blade (by the way, the leashes are raised in any position) and automatic door locking when driving off.

Handling accurate and clear, but lacks a spark. Brunt of whether to blame or soft tread Nokian Hakkapeliitta winter nesipbek R3, but rulitsya this Mazda with a slight laziness and a certain vagueness of feedback at low rotation angles. Effect from the more rigid mounting of the steering mechanism and new electric power steering has no feel. In the limit most likely “German” drift front than flirting back mnogoryichazhka. The six stable on straight, rides securely, strongly and safely.

The new wheel design, and available in sizes 17 and 19 inches (see photo), with no intermediate options. A stowaway is a smaller outer diameter.

In General, the degree of driving sensations higher than Korean cars of Toyota. And to accurately determine the location of the modified Mazda in the class in terms of comfort, the necessary comparative tests. The main thing — the sedans have increasingly become a way to caress not so much the drivers ‘ ambitions, how much self-esteem. Updated Mazda to be a common trend.

In addition to the bumpers and mirrors there is a completely different trunk lid.

Another question — what are the General prospects of this segment? Look around: people increasingly prefer low and malpractice sedan with a small trunk With a crossover. In the line of Mazda, for example, the CX-5 seems more versatile and balanced purchase for the same money. Is that peppy turbo engine will work a lure for buyers of the top six. Since, the assurance of representation, it did not appear under the bonnet of the updated crossover in Russia.

Passport data

Mazda 6 2.0 2.5 2.5 Turbo
Body
Body type sedan sedan sedan
Number of doors/seats 4/5 4/5 4/5
Length, mm 4870 4870 4870
Width, mm 1840 1840 1840
Height, mm 1450 1450 1450
Wheelbase, mm 2830 2830 2830
Track front/rear mm 1585/1575 1585/1575 1585/1575
Curb weight, kg 1522 1540 1578
Full weight, kg 2046 2057 2084
Trunk volume, l 429 429 429
Engine
Type petrol with direct fuel injection petrol with direct fuel injection petrol with direct fuel injection and turbocharging
Location front, transversely front, transversely front, transversely
The number and arrangement of cylinders 4 in a row 4 in a row 4 in a row
Number of valves 16 16 16
Working volume, cm3 1998 2488 2488
Max. power, HP/rpm 150/6000 194/6000 231/5000
Max. torque, N•m/rpm 213/4000 258/4000 420/2000
Transmission
Transmission automatic, six-speed automatic, six-speed automatic, six-speed
Drive front front front
Suspension
Front suspension independent, spring, McPherson independent, spring, McPherson independent, spring, McPherson
Rear suspension independent, spring, multilink independent, spring, multilink independent, spring, multilink
The front brakes ventilated disc ventilated disc ventilated disc
Rear brakes disk disk disk
Tires 225/55 R17 225/55 R17 225/45 R19
Ground clearance, mm 165 165 165
Performance characteristics
Maximum speed, km/h 207 223 239
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h, 10,8 8,2 7,0
Fuel consumption, l/100 km
— urban 8,4 (7,9)* 10,0 (9,1)* 10,7
— extra-urban cycle 5,5 (5,5) 5,6 (5,6) 5,9
combined 6,5 (6,3) 7,2 (6,9) 7,7
Fuel tank capacity, l 62 62 62
Fuel AI-95-98 AI-95-98 AI-95-98
* Skobkah the data for the versions with i-stop, and to modify the 2.5 with i — ELOOP.

Technique

Restyling is not the first time touched the suspension. At the front McPherson again increased diameter of the pistons, the valves changed and the buffer end. In addition, the increased gap between the buffer and shock-absorber rod. Changed the position of the spring and steering knuckle, upgraded stabilizer bushings and the steering mechanism with the amplifier reconfigured tougher attached to the subframe. A list of improvements like the rear mnogoryichazhka. In addition to the absorber and the supports of the stabilizer, changes have been made to the bushings of lower arms and upper pillow mounts. The purpose of this modification is the increase of the driving comfort or, in the words of a Japanese reporter, “smooth and linear driving characteristics”.

The degree of compression of both atmospheric engines SkyActiv-G is now equal to 13:1 (two-liter motor was previously 14:1). Junior Assembly added three Newton-meters at a constant 150 power, senior 2.5 ― two “horses” and two “Newton”. Reduced stunting traction when pressing on the gas pedal. The highlight of the 2.5 motor — condenser system of regeneration of electricity during braking and coasting i-ELOOP weight of 12 kg.

New in the range ― the 2.5 turbocharged engine with a compression ratio of 10.5:1 rated at 231 HP and an impressive torque of 420 N•m. Unit Skyactiv-G 2.5 T interesting Dynamic Pressure Turbo that simulates a turbine with variable geometry. There are two paths at the entrance to the turbocharger, one with a movable flap. Top right: at low engine speeds narrow channel accelerates the exhaust gases, increasing the rate of rotation of the impeller and the boost pressure. At the bottom — at the middle and high are both open channel. All the engines require gasoline of AI-95.

A six-speed “automatic” maslovskogo own production uncontested. Gear ratio motor 2.5 Turbo is a little close together, and the initial two-liter engine is shorter than the main pair.

The key idea of new seats is to position the basin vertically so having an S-shaped spine has occupied the optimal position. In addition, the pelvis must be fixed from moves to improve the feeling of the car. Then the man sitting behind the wheel, will be in the same dynamic equilibrium as you walk (right illustration). In English the pelvis called the pelvis, and for this pelvis mazdausa redrew the entire power structure of the seats, changed the profile and stiffness of the materials.

Behind the scenes

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Mazda always comes up with something. This time the test will pass in Vladivostok and Nakhodka devoid of snow due to natural anomalies. We managed not to be missed located in Vladik Maslowski plant. Invited from the shore of the sea of Japan program Manager of the project disappeared after the presentation, some technical questions were answered by the racer and brand Ambassador Boris Shulmeyster. In addition to the test drive I flew across the country to sfotkatsya on the background of the Pacific ocean and listen to the lecture “how not to get fat on mission” from former avtoparka, and now a fitness blogger Dmitry Putilina. The recipe is simple: we must eat less…

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The pilot and the Worker and the Grenadier: Soviet and Russian SUVs, not reached to the conveyor

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Here is the third article in a series about domestic cars of a single manufacturer. This time it is dedicated to the unknown prototypes-wheel-drive cars, the serial production of which, and especially the sale to private use of speech did not exist. At first they were a options army jeeps and rare off-road vehicles for agriculture, and soon after the Soviet collapse — polyamideimide version of future SUVs.

At the cradle of the domestic SUVs

Andistory of the Soviet civilian off-road four-wheel drive vehicles began soon after the great Patriotic war. Then in secrecy at the Gorky automobile plant was developed the project “Worker”, to create a light vehicle for use in rural areas. In October 1947 the name was assigned to the first prototype of GAZ-69-76 engine from “Victory” and vystupovanie in the back side of the hood reading “hard Worker.”

image003
Experienced rural utility vehicle GAZ-69-76 “Worker”, 1947

Then came four more prototypes with semi-circular cut-outs in the awning for the side Windows, massive wings, simplified poludverki and grille. When the veil of mystery was lifted, “Worker” had become “artillery tractor wheeled light.”

image005
A prototype all-wheel drive car GAZ-69, 1948 (from the archive of I. Paderin)

In 1954 in Gorky gathered three experienced all-terrain vehicle GAZ M-72 for “responsible workers of the Soviet village”. From a passenger “Victory” M-20 first issue was used reinforced bearing body with a radio receiver and hours, which added to the windshield washer. The transmission and drive axles borrowed from the GAZ-69. Soon, the plant began low-volume Assembly of the updated version of M-72 with the body and radiator shell from a model M-20V, but this event is beyond the scope of our article.

image007
Passenger vehicle GAZ M-72 on the basis of the “Victory” M-20. 1954 (from the archive of I. Paderin)

A year later, a compact 35-strong “selhozmashin” GAZ M-73 in two variants with manual transmission from the car “Moskvich-402” and a wheelbase of exactly two meters — closed coupé and the rear trunk with the spare wheel on the lid and all-metal pickup. Drive axles and a private transfer case was performed on sample units for model M-72. The machine was successfully tested, but due to the overflow of Gas to establish their release failed.

image009
Testing all-wheel drive passenger car GAZ M-73 (from the archive of I. Paderin)
image011
Pilot pickup-the all-terrain vehicle GAZ M-73. 1955 (from the archive of I. Paderin)

In 1950-e years the most productive manufacturer of the prototype of the future SUV was the Moscow plant of small cars (MZMA). On it, in the framework of the creation of a Soviet jeep, three years have collected 11 (!) uniform all-terrain vehicles in four versions, with different bodies and assemblies from production vehicles, which are officially intended to work in agriculture. The first was the car “Moskvich 4x4” with a 35-horsepower engine from the passenger model M-402, hinged front window and the rear cross seat. Strangely, he was remarkably similar to the us jeep Willys MB times, lend-lease, and inherited from him the most options.

image013
Rover MZMA “Moskvich 4×4” in the style of the American jeep. 1958 (from the archive research center at)

In 1959 MZMA on built five open 45-horsepower cars “Moskvich-415” on the units from M-410 in two versions and five hole versions of “Moskvich-416” trehgornyi all-metal body on a welded frame of channel iron side members which are more like rural traveling vehicles than the military jeeps. They weighed 1.2 tonnes and had a top speed of 106 km/h On the test car are unable to exceed the performance of the GAZ-69 and was rejected.

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