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Building The World’s Largest Robot Is Not Fun

Writers are told to write what they know. So why shouldn’t builders build what they know?

That’s exactly what Japanese engineer Masaaki Nagumo did when he created a giant humanoid inspired by childhood favorite anime series Mobile Suit Gundam.

The fictional RX-78-2 Gundam manned robot—based on Robert Heinlein’s 1959 novel “Starship Troopers”—is a prototype weapon that falls into the hands of a young mechanic-turned-pilot.

The real-life LW-Mononofu is a 28-foot-tall, two-legged robot that weighs more than an elephant. Nagumo controls the machine’s arms and legs from inside the cockpit.

A modern Dr. Frankenstein, Nagumo spent six years constructing his monster—a purpose-built robot to help promote employer Sakakibara Kikai, which develops farming equipment.

The firm also manufactures “amusement machines” that people can operate for fun. Its varied collection includes the 11-foot Landwalker, as well as the smaller Kid’s Walker Cyclops and MechBoxer boxing machine—each of which the firm rents for about 100,000 yen ($900) an hour.

The massive Mononofu, however, could surely command an equally lofty price. There’s just one hitch: It can’t leave the factory without being dismantled, because it was built taller than the workshop doors.

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“I was drawn to things that get you around without having to use your own strength,” Nagumo said in a Great Big Story video. “So, I create machines because of their ability to move on their own.”

As reported in April by Reuters, Nagumo’s colossal cyborg can maneuver individual fingers, turn its upper body, and walk forward and backward—at a pace of about 0.6 miles per hour.

But no one could be fooled by its leisurely clip: Towering over any human, the bot carries a bazooka-like air gun on its right arm, shooting sponge balls at a dangerous 87 miles per hour.

“The reason why I made this [robot] is so everyone can enjoy it, and I think this is one small step closer to my childhood dream,” Nagumo said.

Like many great works of art, though, the long process of building the world’s largest robot was, well … unpleasant.

“It’s [easy to get] burned—it’s heavy, and dirty,” Nagumo explained of his 5-ton apparatus. “There is nothing to enjoy.”

Except, perhaps, the eventual payoff: The original Mobile Suit Gundam series spawned anime and manga, novels, movies, video games, and generations of fans. Who’s to say LW-Mononofu can’t also be turned into a business opportunity?

Or at least inspiration for the future.

“I believe that someday we will create things that people are imagining today,” Nagumo said in the video. “So, if there are are kids like me who get inspired when they see robots they want to create and ride, it would lead to more innovative robots.”

Nagumo even believes his best is yet to come: “[The robots] I used to watch in the anime moved faster and were stronger than humans. So, this is the reason [Mononofu] can’t be my greatest robot yet.”

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Mobile App Extends Smartphone Battery 10-25 Percent

Forget world peace and global warming: Researchers have finally found a way to extend the life of smartphone batteries by up to an hour each day.

A team at the University of Waterloo in Canada developed a mobile app that reduces devices’ energy consumption without any significant impact on performance.

But iOS users will have to stick to bulky battery packs and tangled charging cables. According to a study published by the journal IEEE Access, the program is currently aimed only at Android handsets.

Split-view—the most prominent feature in Android Nougat 7.0—allows folks to run multiple windows and files at the same time, as on a desktop or laptop computer.

“This results in unnecessary energy drain,” co-author Kshirasagar Naik, a Waterloo professor of electrical and computer engineering, said in a statement.

“We have developed an app which users can install on their devices and use to reduce the brightness of non-critical applications,” he continued. “So, when you’re interacting with one application, the brightness of the other window goes down, thereby [reducing] the energy consumption on the device.”

In an experiment involving 200 smartphone users, the energy-saving technique extended battery life by 10 to 25 percent.

And while that might not sound like much, anyone who has ever watched their screen go black mid-social media update or lost a call to a dead battery will appreciate that extra boost—which could mean the difference between arriving at your Google Maps destination and getting lost in the dark.

“What happens now is that you put the phone on a charger for the night and when you leave home the next day the battery is at 100 percent, but there is a lot of behind-the-scenes computation and communication going on, and it drains the battery,” Naik explained.

“By midday, charge is reduced to 30 percent, and from the user’s perspective, that is a big pain,” he said. “Due to excess energy consumption, the phone becomes warmer and warmer while the frequent charging reduces the life of the battery. So, batteries that are meant to last for three years may have to be replaced in two years.”

Hey, we’ve all been there. Here’s to hoping this app hits digital stores soon.

Improvements are being made with cell batteries every day. The Samsung Galaxy 9 is apart of that. Read our full hands-on review of the new phone here.

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AI KOs Pro DotA 2 Players in Live Tournament

In another win for artificial intelligence, AI bots successfully defeated a group of professional Defense of the Ancients (DotA) 2 players.

The multiplayer online battle arena mod pits two teams against each other in an attempt to destroy their opponent’s home base, known as an Ancient.

And that’s exactly what OpenAI Five—a set of five cooperative machine learning systems—did during a recent tournament.

The day began with a warm-up: audience volunteers playing the first public match against Five, which won in 14 minutes (an evenly matched game generally takes 45 minutes).

Once limbered up, the AI unit took on—and wiped the floor with—five North American pros: William “Blitz” Lee, Austin “Capitalist” Walsh, Ioannis “Fogged” Loucas, Ben “Merlini” Wu, and David “MoonMeander” Tan.

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Boasting a new ability to draft heroes, OpenAI Five won the first game in only 21 minutes and 37 seconds, and the second in fewer than 25 minutes.

This victory “is a step towards advanced AI systems which can handle the complexity and uncertainty of the real world,” OpenAI wrote in a blog announcement.

For the third match, the non-profit relinquished its greatest skill, instead of allowing audience members to select Five’s characters, putting the machine at a severe disadvantage. It ultimately lost to the humans after 35 minutes and 47 seconds.

“These results,” according to the blog, “give us confidence in moving to the next phase of this project: playing a team of professionals at The International,” held in Vancouver from Aug. 20-25.

Keep an eye on social media for additional game details

But OpenAI Five has dreams greater than DotA 2.

“Ultimately, we will measure the success of our DotA system in its application to real-world tasks,” the firm said.

Founded in 2015 by Elon Musk and Sam Altman, OpenAI aims to promote and develop friendly AI; it also collaborates with other institutions and researchers by making patents and research open to the public.

For all the latest in eSports news head over to our section here.

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Students Build Shoelace-Tying Robot for $600

Over, under, around, and through: Students at the University of California, Davis, engineered a robot capable of tying a shoe.

And it cost far less than any state-of-the-art android.

“This machine,” according to a video published by team member Andrew Choi, “was designed and manufactured with the limitations of only being able to use two motors and a $600 budget.”

Neither compact nor speedy, the device, which uses the Ian Knot (“world’s fastest,” according to its creator), is certainly not going to be part of IKEA’s winter catalogue.

And while DARPA could probably build something faster and sleeker—that also climbs stairs and pulls people from burning wreckage—this contraption is clever, innovative, and, perhaps most importantly: cheap.

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(It remains unclear, however, whether the machine actually works with a foot placed inside the shoe.)

Initially reported on Reddit—posted by UC Davis lecturer Jason Moore (moorepants)—the shoe-tying robot has received a lot of attention since its construction for an annual design competition with Meijo University in Japan.

“We, the professors, come up with machine design challenges,” Moore explained in a statement to Geek. “Student groups in Meijo and UCD work on the machines for about five months independently, and then they come together in Davis to compete.

“The challenges are designed to test the students’ ingenuity, let them make use of their new engineering skills, and to help them learn some about how culture affects machine design,” he continued. “This group did excellent work. It is the only fully functioning shoe typing machine we’ve been able to find on the Internet.”

If this is what a group of five novice engineers can do with $600 and two motors, imagine the possibilities given more money and equipment.

The team includes Choi, Gabriela Gomes, Jacklyn Tran, Stephanie Thai, and Joel Humes.

UC Davis has a history of interesting robots: Biologist Gail Patricelli, of the Department of Evolution and Ecology, recently developed robotic fowl, capable of flirting its way into the hearts of male sage-grouses. The study aimed to learn courtship tactics and analyze coupling decisions.

Editor’s note: This article was updated at 11:50 a.m. ET with comment from Jason Moore.

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