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AMD Ryzen Threadripper 2920X whether to take 12-core AMD instead of a Core i9-9900К?

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When the summer of 2017 AMD has released its first processors Threadripper, many took it as a revolution in the market HEDT (high-end desktop systems). Indeed, offers Intel for enthusiast high performance for a long time did not undergo significant progress. An increase in the number of compute cores was very slow, processors kept the high price and also often had limitations on the number available for use by PCI Express. Ryzen Threadripper steel in these circumstances a breath of fresh air: they all previously adopted rules were swept aside. While Intel was getting ready to release a 10-core chip with 44 lines PCI Express, senior AMD Ryzen Threadripper for the new HEDT platform immediately offered to enthusiasts 16 cores Zen and 60 PCI Express at a price of only one thousand dollars.

And that decision worked out perfectly, despite all the shortcomings of micro-Zen. No one will argue with the fact that the specific performance per core of AMD is obviously worse than the Intel Core. But professional users still perceived multi-core AMD processors with great enthusiasm as the challenges they face to their activities, usually suggesting the possibility of efficient parallelization. The first 16-core processor family Ryzen Threadripper, 1950X, was able to gain much popularity among the digital content creators. Now, a year later, AMD decided to radically increase its offer and launched the second generation of Threadripper, which included even more impressive monster – 32-nuclear Ryzen Threadripper 2990WX. However, fresh Ryzen Threadripper the second generation had at its disposal not only the increased number of cores, but a newer design Zen+, involving the use of modern 12-nm production technology, improved performance and higher clock frequency.

However, not Ryzen Threadripper 2990WX is the main character of this material. Family Ryzen Threadripper is not from one model, and the interest in this can represent not only the older version with the maximum number of compute cores. For example, the first generation Threadripper in which the processor was built on two eight crystals Zeppelin, consisted of three processors from 8, 12 and 16 cores. In the second generation the number of crystals in the structure of the processors has doubled, now there are four, and this gave the opportunity to release a 24 – and 32-nuclear Threadripper. At the same time updated the family survived and the processors of the two crystals, which provide 12 or 16 cores. In the end, the full family Ryzen Threadripper the second generation consists of four models, the lineup grew to include seven different HEDT processors.

  Cores/ Threads Base frequency, GHz Max. frequency, GHz L3 cache MB Memory support Lines PCIe TDP, watts Price
Threadripper 2990WX 32/64 3,0 4,2 64 4 × DDR4-2933 60 250 $1799
Threadripper 2970WX 24/48 3,0 4,2 64 4 × DDR4-2933 60 250 $1299
Threadripper 2950X 16/32 3,5 4,4 32 4 × DDR4-2933 60 180 $899
Threadripper 2920X 12/24 3,5 4,3 32 4 × DDR4-2933 60 180 $649
Threadripper 1950X 16/32 3,4 4,0 32 4 × DDR4-2667 60 180 $779
Threadripper 1920X 12/24 3,5 4,0 32 4 × DDR4-2667 60 180 $485
Threadripper 1900X 8/16 3,8 4,0 16 4 × DDR4-2667 60 180 $319

Processors Ryzen Threadripper the second generation with 16 and 32 cores available for sale from August and on our website you can find a separate dedicated review. But to date, the list of available to buy Ryzen Threadripper second generation finally, was supplemented by a 12-core model 2920X and 24-core processor 2970WX. Among these processors in the first place, our attention was attracted by a younger model.

The fact that the 12-core Ryzen Threadripper 2920X has a relatively low official price of $649. And this means that the CPU do not necessarily need to be regarded as relatively affordable, but still expensive HEDT model. From the position of prices it is quite possible to oppose and mass solutions — for example, enterostomy LGA1151v2 the flagship Core i9-9900K. The recommended price of the senior mass osmeteria Intel installed for $488, but to buy at this price. Due to the current market situation, when the availability of Intel CPU are very limited, the real price of the Core i9-9900K starting from $570, and it allows us to talk about Ryzen Threadripper 2920X as his opponent without much exaggeration.

In other words, in this article we will try to assess how Ryzen Threadripper 2920X may be of interest as the basis for normal desktop top price category. It may be that the youngest Ryzen Threadripper second generation, not the Core i9-9900K is worth recommending for those users who want to swing for the maximum or extreme build.

#Family Threadripper 2: the basics

Although we plan to oppose the 12-core Ryzen Threadripper massive improvement osmeteria, we should start with a reminder that ideologically 2920X as any other processor of this family, cannot be considered a simple improved Ryzen. The AMD approach to the creation of Threadripper was to adapt the EPYC server processors for desktop systems, so the processors have received some operational features which in certain circumstances can become a problem.

Processors EPYC is monstrous not only in performance but also in size to 4096 CPU pin socket, constructed using four hidden under the CPU cover eight crystals Zeppelin. Each of these crystals has its own dual channel memory controller and PCI Express controller on the line 32, and the sum of all that agriculture provides up to 32 cores up to 64 threads up to 128 PCI Express and up to eight memory channels.

With the release of the first generation Threadripper AMD decided not to give into the hands of enthusiasts all the capabilities available in server configurations. The initial opportunity was halved: users desktop got only two working crystal Zeppelin, that is up to 16 cores, Quad channel memory and 64 PCI Express, four of which were reserved for communication with the chipset. However, in the new generation Threadripper 2 of EPYC back: models 2970WX and 2990WX were built using four crystals Zeppelin. Do not add memory channels or lines PCI Express, which were originally cut at the platform level, but has allowed AMD to increase the number of compute cores, bringing the number up to 32 pieces in the older model.

At the same time in processors Threadripper 2920X and 2950X all have remained the same. They continue to build on a couple of crystals Zeppelin — the only difference is that now it is the improved silicon, which is produced by the 12-nm technology and has a microarchitecture Zen+. Due to this, even those Threadripper 2 that do not have extra cores, got a bit increased increased IPC (number of instructions cycles) and increased clock frequency. The increase in specific productivity is achieved through optimization of the cache memory. Zen+ the latency of L1-cache is reduced by approximately 8 %, the latency L2-cache – 9% and the latency L3 cache – 15 %. Using the same advanced 12-nm process technology GlobalFoundries (12LP) allows ceteris paribus to reduce the supply voltage of 80-120 mV, which in the end provides about 200-megahertz frequency extension capability.

Despite the fact that the processors Threadripper 2920X and 2950X against their older counterparts 2970WX and 2990WX look not so impressive, they have obvious advantage. The fact that, due to the design of the platform Threadripper, the older processors with 24 cores and 32 receive crystals Zeppelin two types: those that have their own memory controller, and those that don’t have it. Therefore, the memory access is uneven and half of the cores to work with the data forced to go through additional intermediaries in the face of neighboring crystals. This leads to a significant growth delay in loading this diversity of cases is fatal, leading to performance degradation. With processors Threadripper 2, constructed of two crystals, such a problem does not exist.

When we tested Threadripper 2990WX and 2950X, all of this was fully apparent. While the 16-core 2950X always worked better than its predecessor, 1950X, due to higher frequency and some improvements in microarchitecture, 2990WX was very capricious thing. In applications that are well rasparallelivanija and do not require accesses to large amounts of data, a 32-nuclear Threadripper 2 looked like “king of beasts”, inaccessible to any other chip. However, where the algorithms are tied to the memory, Threadripper 2990WX could significantly lose performance 16-core Threadripper 2950X. In other words, the older 32-core model can only be considered as a niche solution for rendering and nothing more. With younger modifications 2920X and 2950X no such problems there, they are versatile and perfectly suited for a wide range of tasks.

Speaking specifically about the main character of this review, Ryzen Threadripper 2920X, he, unlike 2950X, even more simple processor with 12, not 16 cores. It is based, as in the 16-core Threadripper 2950X used two 12-nm crystal Zeppelin. The only difference is that 2920X in each of these crystals is blocked by two cores, one in each block CCX (CPU Complex). And this organization has its pros and cons. On the one hand, the load generating higher number of threads will require more active treatment to relations between crystals which strong place in design Threadripper be considered as definitely not. But on the other cores have at their disposal more than Threadripper 2950X, volume cache of the third level and are better able to accelerate in frequency due to the technology of avtoradgona.

#Threadripper 2920X in detail

Overall Threadripper 2920X can be considered a simple update of last year’s Threadripper 1920X with better performance. The increase is mainly the increased frequencies. Although the nameplate base frequency for a of 3.5-GHz level, the maximum frequency in turbo mode is now declared at 4.3 GHz instead of 4.0 GHz.

It should be borne in mind that the performance increase will be supported with improved technology, Precision Boost 2 (PB2), which finely adjusts the operating frequency to the parameters of the loading and current power and Extended Frequency Range 2 (XFR2), further increasing the frequency of the processor in a favorable temperature mode. The result provided a high quality cooling Threadripper 2920X managed to keep the real frequency above 3.8 GHz at boot up to 12 cores.

This is clearly illustrated in the following graph, where the documented behavior Threadripper 2920X in the nominal mode when rendering in Blender using different numbers of cores.

As shown, the Threadripper 2920X works on the average on 300 MHz frequency frequency in comparison with the predecessor of the last generation, Threadripper 1920X.

The processor power is limited to specified in the specification, the TDP of 180 watts. Frequency Threadripper 2920X adjusted so that does not exceed the established specification limits.

The difference of the frequencies of the 12-core Threadripper first and second generation allows a high degree of reliability to estimate the level of performance that can provide a 12-core new product, because it is directly related to frequency. Micro-improvement in Zen+ minor and no changes in the design and implementation of mikrotechnik interactions in Threadripper 2920X no. This processor is based on two crystals Zeppelin with six active cores, dual channel memory controller and PCI Express controller 32 lines each. The connection between the crystals is realized through Infinity Fabric with a bandwidth of 50 GB/s (when operating mode memory DDR4-3200). In other words, the internal structure Threadripper 2920X identical to the structure of 1920X.

As before, the internal topology of double-crystal Threadripper 2920X allows to use system memory UMA and NUMA modes. Mode, the default, performs UMA when the memory that is physically connected to two different crystals, collected in a single domain, which is a four-channel access. It is this balanced configuration provides the best performance in most cases.

Режим UMA (Distributed)

Mode UMA (Distributed)

However, the utility Ryzen Master users can switch to the NUMA mode, when each of the crystals runs in dual channel mode memory. In the case when the load is low-flow in nature and all active processes that belong to the same application, you can assemble within the framework of the six-core NUMA node, it reflects the latency.

Режим NUMA (Local)

Mode NUMA (Local)

#Acceleration and Precision Boost Override

Since we decided to oppose Threadripper 2920X typical desktop processor, the Core i9-9900K, subject acceleration it is impossible to ignore. Typically, the processors of class Ryzen Threadripper not differ noticeable undisclosed frequency potential. For example, 16-core Threadripper 2950X in our laboratory was able to overcome a mark of 4.1 GHz, but no more. With Threadripper 2920X the situation was similar, except that 12-core CPU managed to overclock a little better – to 4.15 GHz.

This dispersal required an increase in voltage to 1.35 V and enable Load-Line Calibration. When testing stability with Prime95 29.4 the CPU temperature did not exceed 82 degrees, and the maximum CPU power consumption was 240 watts. However, no problems with stable operation of the computer did not arise, good for heat dissipation we used a liquid cooling system MSI motherboard MSI 240 TR4 with a special waterblock that completely covers the surface Threadripper.

Speaking on the topic of overclocking, not to mention about another opportunity – function Precision Boost Override, which appeared in all processors Ryzen second generation, including new Threadripper. It can realize intelligent overclocking CPU to a fixed frequency, and dynamically so that the frequency is automatically adjusted to the current load in the process.

The point is that AMD implemented turbo mode, which is controlled by the Precision Boost technology 2, does not work by a simple formula that matches the frequency and the number of loaded cores, and relies on quite different parameters. Operating frequency is determined based on the current consumption and calculated heat dissipation, which allows you to manage performance is much more subtle.

The Boost Override function of Precision in turn allows you to change the pre-programmed standard limits for electric and thermal characteristics of the CPU. Raising them, the user can increase the aggressiveness of the turbo, allowing the processor adjusting its own frequency to take the high levels as with a weak and under multithreaded load. Such acceleration in many cases more interesting than just setting a fixed frequency, because when you use Precision Boost Override processor continues to interactively adapt the frequency under load, but makes it much bolder than in the nominal condition.

AMD said that with the installation of the CPU powerful enough cooling system performance through Precision Boost Override can be raised by about 13 percent. In other words, this acceleration is a (or even the best) analogue antalovsky the function of Multi-Core Enhancements, which, sacrificing the efficiency, also displays the CPU beyond the rated regime. And there all done so that not to create problems with the stability of the system. The user only need to accept the fact that in the name of higher performance will have to sacrifice heat and power consumption.

Strictly speaking, to configure a Precision Boost Override the motherboard BIOS or the utility Ryzen Master you need to change three parameters: PPT Limit – the maximum allowable level of heat dissipation of the processor (CPU Package); TDC Limit the maximum current which does not lead to overheating the VRM circuit Board; and EDC Limit – the maximum current that does not cause electrical overload of the VRM Board. However, the majority of motherboard manufacturers offer a simple method of modifying these parameters in one click.

For example, in the BIOS we use to test the motherboard MSI MEG X399 Creation option Precision Boost Override allows you to raise the bar allowed power consumption of the processor 300, 400 or 500 watts in one fell swoop.

For the experiment, we chose the maximum option — 500 watt, and it really increased the working frequencies of the CPU by 200-300 MHz without any damage to the stability of the system. The profile of the frequency is illustrated in the following graph, which displays the behavior Threadripper 2920X when rendering in Blender using different numbers of cores.

As you can see, activate, Boost Precision Override is allowed to transfer the operating frequencies of the test Threadripper 2920X in the range of 4.0-4.3 GHz. The most significant increase in frequency occurred in the modes with high CPU load, but at low-flow loads the processor has not lost its ability to avtoradgona. Therefore, Precision Boost Override can indeed be a better option than a simple overclock of 4.15 GHz to fixed. Especially in this case, the processor not only receives the higher rate during low-flow load, but retains the ability to fold it together with the voltage in idle moments.

Incidentally, this mode proved to be more economical overall. As can be seen from the measurement results, the power consumption of the processor when testing in Blender increased in comparison with the performance in nominal mode is not stronger than 10-15 %.

Although AMD considers Precision Boost Override a variety of acceleration and does not provide in respect of this mode are no guarantees, we are pretty sure that most owners Threadripper the second generation will want to provide them a free additional boost to performance. And deter, we will not: Precision Boost Override does not violate the stability of the system and works in such a way that the CPU temperature stays within acceptable limits. Therefore, there is no reason not to take advantage of this opportunity, especially in the case of a 12-core Threadripper 2920X, which are unlikely to overload the power system on the motherboard.

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PC / Laptop

The review and testing of the motherboard ASUS Prime Z390-A

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In the range of ASUS, there are 19 motherboard on the chipset Intel Z390. Potential buyer can choose from models like the elite series ROG or TUF ultra-reliable and Prime, has a more democratic prices. Received by us on the testing Board just refers to the last series, and even in Russia is slightly more than 12 thousand rubles, for solutions Intel Z390 relatively inexpensive. We will focus on models of the ASUS Prime Z390-A.

Having on Board all necessary to create a game system or a productive workstation, fee slightly simplified developers touched on almost everything from the CPU power circuit and ending ports. Thus all the possibilities for overclocking the CPU and RAM in the ASUS Prime Z390-A is. More about all this we will tell you in this article.

#

The technical characteristics and cost

Supported processors Intel Core i9 / Core i7 / Core i5 / Core i3 / Pentium / Celeron
performed by LGA1151 eighth and ninth generation microarchitecture Core
Chipset Intel Z390 Express
Memory subsystem 4 × DDR4 DIMM UN-buffered memory up to 64 GB;
dual channel mode memory;
support modules with frequency of 4266(O. C.)/4133(O. C.)/4000(O. C.)/3866(O. C.)/3733(O. C.)/
3600(O. C.)/3466(O. C.)/3400(O. C.)/3333(O. C.)/3300(O. C.)/3200(O. C.)/3100(O. C.)/
3066(O. C.)/3000(O. C.)/2800(O. C.)/2666/2400/2133 MHz;
support Intel XMP (Extreme Memory Profile)
GUI The integrated graphics core processor allows you to use the ports HDMI and DisplayPort;
supports resolutions up to 4K inclusive (4096 × 2160 at 30 Hz);
maximum shared memory of 1 GB;
support Intel InTru 3D, Quick Sync Video, Clear Video HD Technology, Insider
Connectors for expansion boards 2 PCI Express x16 3.0, modes of x16, x8/x8, x8/x4+x4 and x8+x4+x4/x0;
1 slot PCI Express x16 (mode x4), Gen 3;
3 PCI Express x1 slots, Gen 3
The scalability of the video NVIDIA 2-way SLI Technology;
AMD 2-way/3-way CrossFireX Technology
The storage interface Intel Z390 Express:
– 6 × SATA 3 bandwidth of up to 6GB/s;
– support RAID 0, 1, 5 and 10, Intel Rapid Storage, Intel Smart Connect Technology and Intel Smart Response, NCQ, AHCI and Hot Plug;
– 2 × M. 2, bandwidth of each up to 32 GB/s (M. 2_1 supports only PCI Express memory length from 42 to 110 mm, M. 2_2 supports SATA and PCI Express storage devices ranging in length from 42 to 80 mm);
– support Intel Optane Memory
Network
interfaces
Gigabit Ethernet controller Intel Gigabit LAN I219V (10/100/1000 Mbit);
with the support of technology ASUS Turbo LAN Utility;
technology support ASUS LAN Guard
Audio 7.1 CH HD audio codec Realtek ALC S1220A;
the ratio of signal to noise ratio (SNR) – 120 dB;
the level of SNR on the linear input 113 dB;
audio Nichicon fine gold audio caps (7 pieces);
preregulator power;
built-in headphone amplifier;
the different layers of the PCB for the left and right channels;
isolated from PCB sound card
USB interface Intel Z390 Express:
– 6 USB 2.0/1.1 ports (2 on back panel, 4 connected to the connectors on the system Board);
– 4 port USB 3.1 Gen1 (2 on back panel, 2 are connected to the connectors on the system Board);
– 4 port USB 3.1 Gen2 (back panel Board, 3 Type-A and Type 1-C);
– 1 port USB 3.1 Gen1 (connects to the connector on the system Board)
Connectors and buttons on the rear panel Combo PS/2 port and two USB ports 2.0/1.1;
ports USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type-C and USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type-A;
HDMI and DysplayPort;
two port USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type-A;
two port USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type-A and network LAN-socket RJ-45;
1 optical S/PDIF output interface;
5 3.5 mm gold-plated audio connectors
Internal connectors on the PCB 24-pin ATX power connector;
8-pin ATX 12V power;
6 SATA 3;
2 M. 2;
4-pin connector CPU fan with PWM support;
4-pin connector for the CPU_OPT fan with PWM support;
2 4-pin connector for fan Chassis Fan with PWM support
4-pin connector for the pump AIO_PUMP;
4-pin connector for the pump W_PUMP;
connector EXT_Fan;
M. 2 socket Fan;
connector temperature sensor;
2 4-pin Aura addressable RGB Strip connector;
USB 3.1 Gen 1 to connect 1 port Type-C;
USB 3.1 Gen 1 to connect 2 ports;
2 USB 2.0/1.1 for connecting 4 ports;
connector TPM (Trusted Platform Module);
COM port connector;
connector S/PDIF;
the Thunderbolt connector;
a group of connectors for the front panel (Q-Connector);
audio connector for the front panel;
switch MemOK!;
connector CPU OV;
the power button;
connector Clear CMOS;
connector Node
BIOS 128 Mbit AMI UEFI BIOS with multilingual interface and the graphical user interface;
ACPI 6.1;
support PnP 1.0 a;
support SM BIOS 3.1;
technology support ASUS EZ Flash 3
Controller I/O Nuvoton NCT6798D
Corporate functions, technologies and features 5-Way Optimization by Dual Intelligent Processors 5:
– 5-Way Optimization tuning key perfectly consolidates TPU, EPU, DIGI+ VRM, Fan Xpert, 4, and Turbo Core App.
– Procool Power connector design;
TPU:
– Auto Tuning, TPU, GPU Boost;
Fan Xpert4:
– Fan Xpert 4 featuring Fan Auto Tuning function and multiple thermistors selection for optimized system cooling control;
ASUS 5X Protection III:
– ASUS SafeSlot Core: Fortified PCIe Slot prevents damage;
– ASUS LANGuard: LAN Protects against surges, lightning strikes and static-electricity discharges!;
– ASUS Overvoltage Protection: World-class circuit-protecting power design;
– ASUS Stainless Steel Back I/O: 3X corrosion-resistance for greater durability!;
– ASUS DIGI+ VRM: Digital 9 phase power design with Dr. MOS;
ASUS Optimem II:
– Improved DDR4 Stability;
ASUS EPU:
EPU;
ASUS Exclusive Features:
– MemOK! II;
– AI Suite 3;
– Ai Charger;
ASUS Quiet Thermal Solution:
– Stylish Fanless Design Heat-sink solution & MOS Heatsink;
– ASUS Fan Xpert 4;
ASUS EZ DIY:
– ASUS O. C. Tuner;
– ASUS CrashFree BIOS 3;
– ASUS EZ Flash 3;
– ASUS UEFI BIOS EZ Mode;
ASUS Q-Design:
– ASUS Q-Shield;
– ASUS Q-LED (CPU, DRAM, VGA, Boot Device LED);
– ASUS Q-Slot;
– ASUS Q-DIMM;
– ASUS Q-Connector;
AURA: RGB Lighting Control;
Turbo APP:
– featuring tuning system performance for selected applications;
M. 2 Onboard
Form factor, dimensions (mm) ATX, 305 × 244
Operating system support Windows 10 x64
The warranty of the manufacturer, years 3
Minimum retail value for you! 12 460

#Packaging equipment

ASUS Prime Z390-sealed in A small cardboard box on the front side which shows the Board itself is marked with the model name and series and lists the technologies supported. Not forgotten and a mention of the support system backlight ASUS Aura Sync.

 

According to the information on the reverse side of the Board you can find almost everything, including characteristics and key features. Very briefly the characteristics of the product mentioned on the sticker from the end of the box.

Inside the box for more protect to pay no — she’s just laying on a cardboard tray and sealed in anti-static bag.

The contents are pretty standard: two SATA cable, plug on the rear panel, CD with drivers and utilities connection bridge for 2-way SLI, manual and screws to secure the drives in the M. 2 ports.

The bonus is a coupon for a twenty percent discount when buying brand cables in the store CableMod.

Board is produced in China, and provides a three year warranty. We will add that in Russian stores it is already being sold at a price of 12,5 thousand rubles.

#Design and features

Design ASUS Prime Z390-A modest and concise. On the PCB there is no bright inserts or the attention-grabbing detail, and all the colors consists of a combination of white and black color and silvery color of the radiators. This fee can hardly be called boring, even though it’s the last thing you can pay attention to when choosing the basis for the system average performance.

 

From the individual design elements highlight the plastic covers on the ports I / o and the chipset.

 

They have semi-transparent Windows, through which is visible light. We will add that the fee is equal to 305 × 244 mm, that is, it refers to the ATX format.

Among the main advantages of the ASUS Prime Z390-A manufacturer allocates power circuit elements DrMOS, eight-channel sound Crystal Sound, as well as support for all modern ports and interfaces.

Before a detailed analysis of the components of the motherboard will give their location on the diagram provided in the instruction manual.

 

On the rear panel of the Board displayed eight USB ports, three types, combo PS/2 port, two video outputs, mains socket, optical output and five audio connectors.

As you can see, all modestly and without frills, but it is unlikely the developers here can be accused of compromise, because the base set of ports, is implemented here.

All the radiators and shrouds are attached to the PCB with screws. Their removal took less than a couple of minutes, then ASUS Prime Z390-A appeared in its natural form.

The textolite is not overloaded with elements, a lot of free of chip areas, but it is quite typical for motherboards of a mainstream segment.

CPU socket LGA1151-v2 is not characterized by some signature features — it is completely standard.

In the specifications of the motherboard claimed to support all modern Intel processors this socket, including the recently released Intel Core i9-9900KFfor which you need to flash BIOS 0702 or later.

The system processor power on ASUS Prime Z390-A is organized according to the scheme 4 × 2 + 1. In the power circuit uses assemblies DrMOS integrated drivers NCP302045 production ON Semiconductor is able to withstand peak loads up to 75 A (the average current is 45 A).

Power management on-Board digital controller Digi+ АЅР1400СТВ.

The power Board is provided by two connectors — 24 – and 8-pin.

 

The connectors are made of ProCool technology to which the stated more secure connection to cables with lower resistance and improved heat distribution. This visual differences from the normal connectors on the other boards was revealed.

No differences in Intel Z390, crystal which is in contact with a small heat sink through thermal pads.

However, here they could not be.

Board is equipped with four DIMM slots for RAM standard DDR4, which in pairs are painted in different colors. Priority to install one pair of modules are light gray slots that are marked directly on the PCB.

The total amount of memory can reach 64 GB, and the maximum frequency stated in the specs – 4266 MHz. However, to achieve this frequency will have to try to pick up as a good processor and the memory, but proprietary technology OptiMem II should be possible to facilitate rest. By the way, the list of officially tested modules on the Board today contains 17 pages of fine print, but even if your memory it will not, then with a probability of 99.9 % for Prime Z390 Is A will to work with her, because motherboards are extremely omnivorous to the memory modules and, as a rule, well, they dispersed. We would add that the power system memory single channel.

ASUS Prime Z390-A is equipped with six PCI Express slots. Three of them are made in a design of x16, and two slots have a metallic shell. First x16 slot is connected to the processor and the processor uses 16 lines PCI-E.

The second slot of the same form factor can only work in mode PCI-Express x8, so the fee is, of course, supports NVIDIA SLI and AMD CorssFireX, but only in combination x8/x8. The third long PCI-Express slot only works at x4 speed using chipset line. In addition, the Board has three PCI-Express 3.0 x1, also implemented by the chipset Intel.

The operation mode of the PCI-Express implemented circuits-switches ASM1480 production ASMedia.

As for the video output Board with built-in graphics core, they are implemented by the controller ASM1442K.

The Board has the standard six SATA III ports with a throughput of up to 6GB/s implemented by the possibilities of the same set of system logic Intel Z390. In their placement on the PCB of the developers do not have anything wise and arranged all the connectors of one group in a horizontal orientation.

There are on-Board ports and M. 2 in the amount of two pieces. Top, M. 2_1, supports PCI-E and SATA devices up to a length of 8 cm and when you install a SATA drive-type disables the port SATA_2.

At the bottom you can only install PCI-E drives up to 11 cm, additionally it is equipped with a plate heat sink with thermal pad.

A total of 17 on-Board USB ports. Eight of them are displayed on the rear panel, where you can find two USB 2.0, two USB 3.1 Gen1, and four USB 3.1 Gen2 (one of the format Type-C). Six USB 2.0 can be connected to two pads on the Board (use an additional hub), in the same way you can display and dual USB 3.1 Gen1. In addition to them, to the Board connects a single USB 3.1 Gen1 for the front panel of the system unit. A very comprehensive set of ports.

As the network controller on ASUS Prime Z390-A widely used common chip Intel I219-V .

 

Hardware protection against static electricity and surge will provide a block of LANGuard and software optimization of traffic it is possible to spend utility Turbo LAN.

The basis of the audio section of the Board is a processor Realtek S1220A with the stated ratio of signal to noise ratio (SNR) on the linear audio output of 120 dB and SNR level on line input – 113 dB.

Such values are achieved including through the use of Japanese capacitors with premium, the breeding left and right channels in different layers of the PCB, insulation audiosony on the PCB from the rest of the elements of the conductive strip.

At the software level supported surround sound technology DTS Headphone:X.

For monitoring and fan control on the Board is provided Nuvoton NCT6798D.

In total, facilities include seven fans, each of which can be configured individually by PWM signal or voltage. There is a separate socket for connection of pump cooling system, outstanding current 3 A.

Connector EXT_FAN is possible to connect an expansion Board with extra connectors for fans and thermal sensors, which then can also be controlled from BIOS.

Setting the automatic overclocking on ASUS Prime Z390-A is implemented by the microcontroller TPU KB3724Q.

To connect to the external tapes of led backlighting, the Board provides two connectors for Aura RGB.

Supported tape length up to three meters. On the PCB Board highlighted area casing exits and a small portion of the radiator of the chipset, and adjusting the illumination color and choice of modes available through the app ASUS Aura.

Other connectors on the bottom edge of the PCB, select the new connector NODE, which can connect the power supply units ASUS for the monitoring of energy consumption and fan speed.

But the lack of an indicator POST-codes on the Board are not happy, even though her mainstream class.

Cooling the VRM circuits Board involved two separate aluminum radiator with pads. In turn, the chipset consumes less than 6 watts, cool small 2-3 mm plate.

The same thickness and the plate to drive in the lower M. 2 port. Moreover, the manufacturer promises a 20-degree decrease in temperature storage in comparison with the indicators at all without the radiator.

SOURCE

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Overview of ASRock B365M Phantom Gaming 4: tell me no overclocking

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At the end of last year, Intel is trying to cope with a sudden shortage of production capacity process technology 14 nm++, has released a set of system logic Intel B365 according to the norms of 22-nm process technology. His task is to close the gap in the segment of inexpensive motherboards, the lack of which, according to some analysts, Intel is not allowed to actively promote their new processors-the ninth generation. The chipset, like its 14-nm counterparts, remained within the thermal pack, 6W, received 20 lines PCI Express 3.0 and support for Windows 7, but was stripped of the USB 3.1 Gen2 and built-in Wireless AC module. Overclocking with the new chipset is also not friendly.

Simultaneously with the announcement of Intel B365 motherboard manufacturers introduced their new models, which are based on, and formed the chipset. Do not stay aside and the company ASRock, has released five motherboard Intel B365. Overall, these announcements have gone quietly and without fanfare, as is often the case in products of this class. However, demand such fees definitely will use. One of the new – ASRock B365M Phantom Gaming 4 – we will study and test in today’s article.

#Specifications and cost

ASROck B365M Phantom Gaming4
Supported processors Intel Core i9 / Core i7 / Core i5 / Core i3 / Pentium / Celeron
performed by LGA1151 eighth and ninth generation microarchitecture Core
Chipset Intel B365
Memory subsystem 4 × DDR4 DIMM UN-buffered memory up to 64 GB;
dual channel mode memory;
support modules with frequency 2666/2400/2133 MHz;
support Intel XMP (Extreme Memory Profile)
GUI The integrated graphics core processor allows you to use HDMI version 1.4 and DisplayPort version 1.2;
supports resolutions up to 4K inclusive (4096 × 2160 at 30 Hz);
maximum shared memory of 1 GB
Connectors for expansion boards 2 PCI Express 3.0 x16 modes x16 or x16/x4;
1 slot PCI Express x1 Gen 3
The scalability of the video AMD 2-way CrossFireX Technology
The storage interface Intel B365:
– 6 × SATA 3 bandwidth of up to 6 Gbps (supports RAID 0, 1, 5 and 10, Intel Rapid Storage, Intel Smart Connect Technology and Intel Smart Response, NCQ, AHCI and Hot Plug);
– 2 × M. 2 (M. 2_1 supports only PCI Express flash drives, ranging in length from 42 to 80 mm, M. 2_2 supports SATA and PCI Express storage devices ranging in length from 42 to 110 mm);
– support Intel Optane Memory
Network
interfaces
Gigabit Ethernet controller Intel Gigabit LAN I219V (10/100/1000 Mbit);
technology supports Wake-On-LAN, Lightning/ESD Protection, PXE
Audio 7.1 CH HD audio codec Realtek ALC1200;
audiophile grade audio capacitors (5 PCs.);
gold plated audio connectors;
isolated from the PCB of the sound card;
support technology Surge Protection, DTS Connect, Premium Blu-ray Audio
USB interface Intel B365:
– 6 USB 2.0/1.1 ports (2 on back panel, 4 connected to the connectors on the system Board);
– 6 ports USB 3.1 Gen 1 (4 on back panel, 2 are connected to the connector on the system Board);
– 1 port USB 3.1 Gen 1 (Type-C rear panel)
Connectors and buttons on the rear panel Combo PS/2 port and two USB 2.0 ports;
the HDMI and DisplayPort;
USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type-C;
two port USB 3.1 Gen 1;
two port USB 3.1 Gen 1 and network plug RJ-45;
1 optical S/PDIF output interface;
5 3.5 mm gold-plated audio connectors
Internal connectors on the PCB 24-pin ATX power connector;
8-pin ATX 12V power;
6 SATA 3;
2 M. 2;
1 M. 2 Key E;
4-pin connector CPU fan with PWM support;
4-pin connector for the pump DLC (supports Smart Fan Speed Control);
3 4-pin connectors for case fans with PWM support (Smart Fan Speed Control);
1 4-pin addressable RGB LED connector;
2 4-pin RGB LED connector;
a group of connectors for the front panel;
audio connector for the front panel;
connector TPM (Trusted Platform Module);
2 USB 2.0 ports for connecting 4 ports;
USB 3.1 Gen 1 to connect 2 ports;
connector COM Port;
jumper Chassis Intrusion Header and Speaker;
indicators, POST Status Checker (PSC)
BIOS 128-Mbit AMI UEFI BIOS with multilingual interface and the graphical user interface;
ACPI 6.0;
support SM BIOS 2.7
Controller I/O Nuvoton NCT6791D
Corporate functions, technologies and features ASRock Super Alloy:
– Premium 50A Power Choke;
– Nichicon 12K Black Caps (100% Japan made high quality conductive polymer capacitors);
– I/O Armor;
– Shaped PCB Design;
– Matte Black PCB;
– High Density Glass Fabric PCB;
ASRock Intel 4-Layer Memory POOL (Planes on Outer Layers) Technology;
ASRock Steel Slot;
ASRock M. 2 Full Coverage Heat Sink;
ASRock Ultra M. 2 (PCIe Gen3 x4 & SATA3);
ASRock POST Status Checker (PSC);
ASRock Full Spike Protection (for all USB, Audio, LAN Ports);
ASRock Live Update & APP Shop
Form factor, dimensions (mm) Micro ATX 244 × 242
Operating system support Windows 10 x64
The warranty of the manufacturer, years 3
Minimum retail value for you! n/a

#Packaging equipment

The Board comes in a relatively compact cardboard box, decorated in typical ASRock style products. Its front side is nothing remarkable stands out, and the reverse will briefly tell you about all the features of the Board and its technical characteristics.

 

On a small sticker on the end of the box to find your serial Board number and the batch number, the size and weight and country of manufacture — Vietnam.

Inside of the carton Board is on a soft substrate made of polyethylene foam to which it is pressed against the plastic ties, and further Packed in anti-static bag.

The complete set modest, as the majority of Vietnamese. Together with the cost of the box showed only two SATA-cable, three screws for drives installed in the M. 2 ports, the cover on the rear panel, installation instructions and CD with drivers.

On ASRock B365M Phantom Gaming 4 three-year warranty, and its recommended price is not yet announced. It is hoped that it is so low that it even hesitate to call. However, on the basis of retail prices for boards with close characteristics chipset H370, it can be assumed that this model in Russia will cost about 6 thousand rubles.

#Design and features

ASRock B365M Phantom Gaming 4 is made in the form factor micro ATX and has dimensions of 244 × 242 mm. Board looks pretty interesting: almost black PCB is painted scarlet and white strokes on the cover of the interface panel shows the name of the series, and on the chipset – logo.

 

The layout of the major components on the PCB can be studied according to the scheme of the instruction manual.

 

The modest capabilities of the chipset Intel B365 and no additional controllers on the Board directly affect the view of the rear, showing a minimal set of ports: seven USB (without 3.1 Gen 2), combo PS/2 port, video outputs HDMI and DisplayPort, socket, optical output and five audio connectors.

It would seem that there was a large window for outflow of heated air from the heatsink VRM, but, alas, from the inside it almost completely blocked the radiator.

Despite the fact that ASRock B365M Phantom Gaming 4 refers to the lower-price segment, all add-on components on its PCB, attached with screws and not irritating plastic “studs”. Radiators and the housing fee as follows.

As you can see, the layout of the classic and the usual plat form factor ATX, the model distinguishes only a smaller length. Here, as in the more expensive ASRock boards use the PCB of high density, more resistant to powerful electric load and humidity.

Any brand features CPU socket LGA1151-v2 stands out, is the hole for the temperature sensor to the PCB no.

Above and to the left of the CPU socket houses the power circuit elements. In total there are nine groups/phases, each of which includes 50-amp power chokes and capacitors Nichicon 12K.

Stated, that the power of the CPU allotted eight phases (or rather four, but with doublers uPI uP1961S) is probably still one left on the integrated graphics core and the power circuit. Note that the group power supply components of the four phases does not cooled.

For power management of the processor on-Board soldered controller uPI uP9521P.

The power Board is provided by two standard connectors with 24 and 8 pins.

 

Both connectors are oriented the latches outwards, that is, in our opinion, it is more convenient when you have to disconnect the cables.

Crystal chipset Intel B365 significantly larger than the crystal Z390 Intel, which is not surprising, given the difference in the fabrication process.

It is in contact with a small heat sink through thermal pads.

ASRock B365M Phantom Gaming 4 is equipped with four DIMM slots for latch on one side only.

The maximum amount of memory installed on your card, up to 64 GB, but its frequency may not exceed 2,667 GHz and get around this limitation, no one has yet succeeded. Supports dual-channel mode working memory profiles XMP (Extreme Memory Profile) and a large list of certified for this memory kits. We will add that system memory power single-phase using the same components as in the CPU power circuit.

On the Board, only three PCI-Express, but only the first, connected to the processor lines, has an aluminum shell ASRock Steel Slot.

Formally, the Board supports the merger of the two AMD graphics cards in CrossFireX mode, but they will work under the scheme x16/x4. “Shorty” PCI Express x1 has an open end, that is, it is possible to install long expansion cards.

Board is equipped with six SATA III ports with a throughput up to 6 Gbps, four of which are oriented horizontally and two vertically.

 

Also have ASRock B365M Phantom Gaming 4 there are two M. 2 port, and the top got a plate cooler with a thermal pad.

The top port, M. 2_1, only supports PCI Express flash drives, ranging in length from 42 to 80 mm, and lower, M. 2_2, ready to take SATA, and PCI Express flash drives, ranging in length from 42 to 110 mm. if in the port of M. 2_2 will be installed the SATA drive, the SATA3_0 port will not be available for devices of the appropriate type. Also add that just below the photo shows the connector M. 2 Key E for expansion cards Wi-Fi;

All USB ports on ASRock B365M Phantom Gaming 4 are implemented by the chipset. Their total number is equal to 13: 6 internal and 7 external. On the rear panel two USB 2.0/1.1, four USB 3.1 Gen 1 and one Gen 1 SB 3.1 Type-C.

In turn, the internal USB ports is represented by four USB 2.0/1.1 and a pair of USB 3.1 Gen 1. No high speed USB 3.1 Gen 2 on the Board, unfortunately.

The network interface is implemented here Gigabit controller Intel I219-V.

Declared support technology Wake-On-LAN, Lightning/ESD Protection and PXE.

The basis of the sound path formed Board 7.1 CH HD audio codec Realtek ALC1200.

In its composition there are five “adipisci” capacitors, and the area of the elements of the sound channel is separated from the rest of the Board non-conductive strips.

In addition, the audio connectors on the rear panel and internal audio connector on the PCB Board covered with gold leaf.

The functions of the Multi I/O and monitoring implemented by the controller Nuvoton NCT6791D.

All facilities include five fans with PWM-control, including the CPU fan (1 A, 12 watts) and pump liquid cooling system (2 A, 24 watts).

The fee is endowed with a proprietary lighting system ASRock Polychrome RGB. On the PCB of the LEDs is illuminated in the rear portion of the right side with the name of the series, as well as a narrow strip on the plastic housing.

In addition, the Board has three connectors for connecting the led strips, backlights, one of which allows the use of individually addressable strips.

On the bottom edge of the PCB Board there is no convenient indicator POST-codes, but it is partially replaced by four LEDs POST Status Checker (PSC), indicating a problem of CPU, memory, graphics card or boot stage.

As for the cooling Board, it is extremely simple: a small fan on the power supply circuit of the processor, the chipset and the drive in the first M. 2.

No heat-pipe here. Moreover, as we mentioned above, four phase CPU power circuit and is left without a radiator.

SOURCE

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Review of the AMD Athlon 240GE, 220GE and 200GE in the right place at the right time

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Recent familiarity with processors Ryzen 5 2500X and Ryzen 3 2300X showed that AMD considers it necessary to strengthen their own lineup of strong budget proposals that could attract buyers in the era of scarcity of available processors competitor. Such innovations do well to solve their problem, proving a more than worthy alternatives for processors the Core i3 series. But only two new products AMD is not going to be limited. Along the way, the company has taken the offensive and in the lower price segment, releasing even more cheap chips capable of inflicting a blow to the popular “hyperpnea” (Pentium Hyper-Threading). So on the market appeared Athlon two hundredth series – new dual-core processors for the platform Socket AM4 with a price of less than $100.

It is worth Recalling that in the model number of AMD’s budget Athlon Socket AM4-performance existed before. For example, a fairly widespread Quad-core Athlon X4 950. However, this CPU is based on outdated design Bristol Ridge microarchitecture Excavator. Because of this he is not able to compete with the members of the family of Pentium in performance and is only of interest because it can be “plug connector”, which allows to exploit the AM4 Socket-a system till the moment it will be installed full processor family Ryzen.

New Athlon for that matter much more modern and therefore more interesting. And although they again are greatly reduced versions of the chips in this time to create used current-based Raven Ridge. For this reason, such proposals can be considered as an alternative to the current Pentium Gold. Having a price from $55 to $75, fresh budget processors from AMD can, as budget Intel chips, to offer two computing cores capable to execute four threads, and a relatively decent graphics core.

It should be understood that the main advantage of the new Athlon is not so much in their characteristics, but in the fact that they are really can be bought at a reasonable price. The fact that the issue with the backorders of their Intel decides to “top-down”. This means that firstly, the orders for expensive chips series Core i7 and Core i9 and also of the application server market. Core i3, Pentium, and Celeron are thus at a disadvantage: they are produced and delivered by a residual principle, and the cheaper the processor, the less of a chance to meet him in the sale. Eventually this led to the fact that the members of the series Pentium Gold or disappeared entirely from store shelves or sold at prices significantly higher than normal. In such circumstances, the new Athlon to be almost the only variant of the processor on which it is advisable to pay attention to the price category “below $100”.

In fact, thanks to the new Athlon, AMD has already managed to win several large OEM contracts: low-cost model of office personal computers, it is highly marketable. Cheap processors for such systems are needed in large quantities, and Athlon has offered an easy way out in a situation when Pentium Gold to buy almost impossible. However, we are interested in a slightly different question: can we rely on the Athlon series of two hundred individual users looking for an affordable option for the home system? On the one hand, Athlon — almost the same as Pentium and Gold. However, on the other – those CPUs higher clock rate and better is the case with single-threaded performance. So to say that terms of speed Athlon 200GE, 220GE or 240GE is almost the same as “hyperpen”, need any confirmation. We’ll try to get testing of the new AMD business and gaming applications.

#New Athlon in detail

The overall strategy of AMD is that the company tries to offer processors with more developed multithreading than similar price models from Intel. This is true for almost all market segments, but not for the lower. All three models Athlon two hundred series have only two active nuclei Zen technology-enabled SMT. This means that from the point of view of the number of executable threads, they are no different from the current modifications of Pentium Gold.

Besides, the Athlon has no support turboradial. No technology Core Performance Boost or even more of the XFR/XFR2 are not available, and hence, at any load they operate at a constant clock frequency. By the way, this frequency is relatively low: the Junior model, Athlon 200GE, operates at 3.2 GHz and older, Athlon 240GE – on 3.5 GHz. There is another significant loss: AMD in their Junior processors cut the cache and memory controller. Volume cache of the third level reduced to 4 MB and a maximum supported memory DDR4-2666. And in this case we are talking not about the formal, but the actual limit: required to traktowania memory at a higher frequency multipliers are simply not available, and to overclock the DDR4 SDRAM will not work.

Athlon 200GE

Athlon 200GE

 
Athlon 220GE

Athlon 220GE

 
Athlon 240GE

Athlon 240GE

But the new Athlon can boast of a very moderate power consumption and heat dissipation. Their thermal Suite is defined by the value of the 35 watts that’s one of the most economical AMD processors for desktops. Such a characterization of TDP can boast except Ryzen E-series, which the company officially supplying only to OEMs. Here AMD was able to outperform even Pentium Gold: heat pack budget Intel is 58 watts. It is therefore not surprising that in the boxed versions of Athlon two hundred versions come with a simple aluminum cooler c 65-mm fan, which causes persistent Association with cooling systems under the classical era Athlon XP Socket A.

An important distinction of modern processors Athlon two hundredth series from those Athlon X4, AMD has offered to date, is that now they have a graphics core. The basis of Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE are design Raven Ridge and the same 14-nm semiconductor core, as in processors Ryzen 3 2200G and Ryzen 5 2400G. However, the performance of the integrated GPU is significantly undervalued. The manufacturer says about the graphics level GeForce Vega 3, which is converted in three computing module with 192 unified shaders, 12 texture units and 4 ROP units. By the way, this configuration provides the GPU and the youngest mobile Ryzen 3 2200U.

The characteristics of the new Athlon fit into the existing range of cheap AMD processors in the following way.

Design Cores/ Threads Base frequency, GHz Turbocheetah, GHz L3 cache MB Memory Graph. the core Lines PCIe TDP, watts
Ryzen 3 2300X Pinnacle Ridge 4/4 3,5 4,0 8 DDR4‑2933 No 24 65
Ryzen 3 2200G Raven Ridge 4/4 3,5 3.7 V 4 DDR4‑2933 Vega 8 16 65
Ryzen 3 1300X Summit Ridge 4/4 3,5 3.7 V 8 DDR4‑2666 No 24 65
Ryzen 3 1200 Summit Ridge 4/4 3,1 3,4 8 DDR4‑2666 No 24 65
Athlon 240GE Raven Ridge 2/4 3,5 4 DDR4‑2666 Vega 3 12 35
Athlon 220GE Raven Ridge 2/4 3,4 4 DDR4‑2666 Vega 3 12 35
Athlon 200GE Raven Ridge 2/4 3,2 4 DDR4‑2666 Vega 3 12 35

In their marketing materials AMD Athlon contrasts the two hundredth series intelliskin Pentium Gold. However, the fact that they can offer comparable performance to something other than graphics, there is quite reasonable doubt. Where they come from, it should be clear from the following table, where the mapped features of the budget AMD and Intel processors.

AMD Athlon Intel Pentium Gold
Cores/threads 2/4 2/4
Microarchitecture Zen Coffee Lake
Platform Socket AM4 LGA1151v2
Frequency A 3.2-3.5 GHz The 3.7-3.9 GHz
L2-cache 512 KB per core 256 KB per core
L3-cache 4 MB 4 MB
SIMD instructions AVX/AVX2 SSE 4.1/4.2
Integrated graphics Vega 3 (192 SP) UHD 630/610 (23/12 EU)
GPU frequency 1000 MHz 1050-1100 MHz
Memory DDR4-2666 DDR4-2400
TDP 35 W 58 W
The official price $55-$75 $64-$86

The new Athlon is a relatively low clock frequency. However, but they offer lower heat dissipation and, apparently, more powerful graphics, which outperforms Intel UHD 610 Graphics (GT1) and certainly no worse than the UHD 630 Graphics (GT2).

However, here you need to make three significant reservations. The first relates to prices. The fact that due to problems with the supply of the Pentium Gold it is impossible to buy at the “right” price, which is indicated in the table above. While Junior Athlon 200GE actually buy for 3 thousand rubles, Pentium Gold g5400 is cheaper than 5 thousand in sales now is not to find, not to mention the fact that the Pentium Gold G5500 model with a production-level integrated GPU GT2 will cost from 6 thousand and above.

The second point is about acceleration. Unexpectedly turned out, the Athlon generation Raven Ridge can be configured to work at higher than declared by the manufacturer, clock frequency. AMD itself of that opportunity does not advertise and sometimes even denied, but the fact is that the new BIOS for the vast majority AM4 Socket-a motherboards, which are based on AGESA version 1.0.0.6, I suggest really working the function to change the multiplier frequency. We cannot guarantee that this opportunity will not be blocked in the future, but at the moment the situation is such that the working frequency of Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE can be increased by 10-20% rather simple manipulations.

Have Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE third feature. The AMD approach to the formation of inexpensive processors is somewhat different from interesnogo. In Athlon, the company reduced the number of cores and compute units of the GPU, but did not turn off any of the properties of the microarchitecture. So, for example, budget Socket AM4 processors continue to support AVX instructions, while the Pentium Gold in their execution impossible.

In conclusion, we should say that support Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE have all motherboards for Socket AM4, which can operate with Raven Ridge. In other words, the problem to find a platform for these processors will not occur. And here it is appropriate to recall the existence of a set of logic A320, which AMD was designed for the most budget configurations. Thanks to him, the prices of motherboards with Socket AM4 start with a mark of 3.5 thousand rubles, which allows you to create highly available platform with modern components AMD. And we are talking about is really relevant boards that can offer support for NVMe drives, USB 3.1 ports and versions of video outputs with support for 4K resolution.

#Acceleration

Given the fact that the Athlon two hundred series are constructed on the same semiconductor crystal as their older brothers Ryzen Ryzen 2200G 3 and 5 2400G, some unexpectedly high overclocking results is not expected. We checked all three arrived in our lab processor — Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE, and the maximum acceleration for them was achieving a frequency of 4.0 GHz. To work stably in this condition are two processors of the three – 200GE and 220GE. Senior representative in the series could only please steady performance at 3.9 GHz.

Therefore, in practical tests we concentrated on those instances that were able to conquer the symbolic threshold. However, the increase in frequency in any case, did not require any substantial effort: to achieve the stability needed just a little (to 1.35-1,375) increase in processor supply voltage.

The tests we carried out with our usual cooler Noctua NH-U14S, but it is clear that the restriction in the dispersal here is not the heat of the processor, and the capabilities of the silicon. Therefore, similar results can be obtained those users who prefer air cooling easier. However, with the standard aluminum cooler 4-gigagertsevogo frequency, obviously, will not succeed. In this case, you will have to limit ourselves to a weaker market.

Also it is worth mentioning that cheap motherboards on base of chipset A320 do not support overclocking at all. To increase the frequency of the desired charge on the chipset B350, and they are a bit more expensive.

Unfortunately, the acceleration allows to eliminate just one of the shortcomings of the new Athlon – their low clock frequency. But two other negative factors remain in force. First, the Athlon memory will still run at maximum frequency DDR4-2666 – around this border have a budget AMD is impossible. Second, Athlon allocated for maintenance of the primary PCIe slot is only 4 lanes of PCI Express 3.0. And this means that the discrete graphics card installed in a system with an Athlon 200GE, 220GE and 240GE, will run through heavily cut-down on bandwidth bus. However, some motherboard this birth defect still able to fix it by translating the graphics slot in the higher speed mode of PCI Express 3.0 x8.

SOURCE

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