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5 reasons to love and hate the Jeep Grand Cherokee II WJ

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“Jeep big wide”, “Big Indian”, “the Great Che”, “Giant Teal”… It’s the name associated with crimson jacket, “gold with gymnasts”, showdowns and generally the “roaring nineties”. But all this belongs rather to the first generation of the world bestseller with index ZJ. Second life, WJ and WG have occurred during a more relaxed period of “emerging stability”. And although the “whack” has not earned the epic glory that got the first “Big one”, many believe that this car was the best for all quarter-history model.

Jeep Grand Cherokee WJ was officially presented to the public on 16 June 1999, in Detroit, on the stage of the Cobo Hall. The question may arise: why Chrysler (or rather, already formed Daimler-Chrysler) spent 28 months of hard work and millions of dollars to develop new models, while the market potential predecessor still has not exhausted itself (only in the USA in 1998 has sold more than 220 thousand ZJ)? First, the group intended to actively operate in the European markets, and for many Europeans the first Grand was still too American”. And secondly, not to be outdone, need to get ahead, and in the domestic market Grand Cherokee is tough to compete with such popular models as the Chevrolet Blazer and Ford Explorer. In addition, the beginner would struggle with such outstanding contenders as the Toyota Land Cruiser 100, Nissan Patrol Y61, Mitsubishi Pajero 3. Buyers need to offer something new and beat the competition in terms of comfort.

Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) '1999–2004

Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004

As a result, the model has inherited from its predecessor a constructive ideology (an integrated frame and a dependent lever-spring suspension, Quadra-Link), but had with him only a total of 128 parts.

Refreshed engine line-up. The good old row “six” AMC 242 4 liter has been somewhat modernized. It has a new intake tract, which allowed her to gain the power up to 195 HP Two latest V8 family volume PowerTech 4.7 l replaced the old overhead valve “g” Magnum 318 and Magnum 360. Despite the same volume, new engines had several design differences: a more powerful version denoting High Output and giving 265 HP and 447 Nm of torque, equipped with convex pistons, forged crankshafts and twin knock sensors, and the “normal” V8 developed 223 power and torque of 394 Nm.

In addition, for the European market was intended and diesel engines. First, a 3.1-liter OHV VM 531 (140 PS, 384 Nm), which in 2002 was replaced by the well-known a number of Mercedes models with the 2.7-litre turbo diesel OM612 (163 HP, 400 Nm).

jeep_grand_cherokee_overland_10 jeep_grand_cherokee_overland_84
Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004 Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004

The most important innovation was the system of full drive Quadra-Trac 2 with a new transfer case NV247, are equipped with a gerotor coupling, which provided automatic connection of the front axle and transfer “torque on demand”, and a locking center differential. The same gerotor coupling is provided and the rear mikolasko Vary the lock-Lock. Its off-road capabilities could be expanded package, Quadra Drive, which allows you to lock not only the rear but also the front differential. It is clear that this system was equipped with mostly rather expensive version, while a more budget-friendly cost proven Selec-Trac (NV-242 transfer case, allowing for movement with the actuator on the rear axle and in-wheel drive mode).

In 2004, when the car has undergone small restyling, appeared and simplified system Quadra-Trac I with transfer box NV147, characterized by the absence of a neutral and low range.

Transmission — only automatic, four-speed 42RE and 45RFE (they aggregated four-liter “six”) and five (actually six — speed with two second gears) 545RFE.

In the lounge there is a range of comfort options, including the automotive information center with trip-computer, dual-zone climate control with infrared sensors, remote control system external devices (e.g., garage door) HomeLink system connect your mobile phone to Handsfree via Bluetooth, audio system with CD-changer for 10 discs, the servo seats with memory, and since 2001 — and adjustable pedals. In a set of airbags appeared side curtains and spare wheel moved to the side of the Luggage compartment under the floor, allowing to expand the possibilities of transformation of salon.

Салон Jeep Grand Cherokee Laredo (WJ) '1998–2003

Interior Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1998-2003

The original car went on sale in two trim levels (base Laredo Limited and more expensive), which was supplemented by special versions of the Sport, Freedom, Special Edition and Columbia Edition. In 2001 a fully loaded Overland, surpassing in luxury the most feature-rich options Limited. In the end, the buyer had a huge range of options allows you to choose the Grand Cherokee WJ is a corresponding way of life, urgent needs and your wallet.

Manufacture Grand Cherokee for European markets, to get the index WG, carried out at the factory Magna Steyr in Graz in Austria, and all the cars officially sold in Russia through distribution centers, were collected there.


Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004

In 2004 there was another change of generations, and on the Assembly line in Graz and Detroit got up the next generation of models with index WK, but was early for a final go down in history: full license and the tooling were purchased by a Chinese Corporation, Beijing Jeep Corporation, and the WJ production in China continued until 2010.

But in Russia, WJ went to the secondary market, and because of the strength and endurance is up there still. For Grand Cherokee WJ ask, as a rule, from 200 to 250 thousand rubles for “tired”, but not lost ability to independent movement of specimens up to 600-800 thousand cars in a decent condition.

Grand Cherokee is one of the cars that leave no one indifferent. The owners or write them an enthusiastic romantic odes, or speak in the style of “cursed be the day when I sat behind the wheel of this vacuum cleaner is” or “sold in a month, damn you to hell, because more low-quality goods not seen at all, although the car was completely technically sound”. So that’s what I love and what I hate the Jeep Grand Cherokee WJ?

Hate #5: “Fog, fog, a white veil…”

Prior to 2004 Grand Cherokee arrived in Russia in two ways: or official dealers of Jeep, or American and European secondary markets. Especially a lot of dangers lurking in the buyer’s “pure American.” Of course, the overseas part of his history you can see on Carfax, but…

Many Americans have a consumer approach to operating their vehicles. Here, for example, a person purchased a car on order from America, over 20,000 of American money with mileage 101 000 miles (a lot, but it is a honest mileage verified by Carfax). Immediately herded into service… and counted it repair together with spare parts up to 65 000 (in 2008 prices). Apparently, the American owners in addition to changing the oil did nothing, but when you have a problem, just changed the car.


Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004

Indeed, “ostannya” machine with a fairly large runs serviced using the cheapest oils and consumables, but have a quite good appearance, fell to the auctions, from there to the Baltic States and Eastern Europe, where they are slightly “podromanija”, twisted runs, and go to Russia. Well, here the baton was picked up by our homegrown “kulibins”.

However, and quite “dealer” cars is a native of Graz over the last years has changed two or three of the owner, and served them in different ways. Our people have always loved anything “zakljuciti”, scostep thereby the amount of repairs, but the Grand Cherokee is quite allow themselves to do it because of design simplicity. So when buying a WJ it is strongly recommended to check the machine to determine the presence in it of such “Rashn know-how”. It is not always easy, but it can save you from unnecessary expenditure because of the stupidity of the previous owner.

On the overall level of problems acquired in the secondary market WJ affects not only how served its previous owners, and how they went. Sometimes when you desire someone to do something (and most importantly, a reason) to prove, on the WJ it is possible to “anneal”, but a continuous drive in this mode, the machine is still not designed. Box, transfer case, driveshafts, axle, suspension — all killed “racers” pretty quickly. However, even almost killed vusmert suspension still behaves quietly and well.

Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) '1999–2004

Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004

The “correct” holders of WJ used to trust personal feelings and check the status of the suspension at least every few months and, on average, once a year she is able to “lower control arms and ball we can change, but you can still half a year to travel”. And that’s “fog of uncertainty” in terms of how serviced and maintained vehicle by previous owners, makes the purchase of a used Grand Cherokee in a raffle.

Love #5: “All for you, man. Enjoy!”

Of course, “the Great Che” and today looks like a living fossil and comes from the deep past. But the final decision still buy this car, despite its venerable age, comes after a man sit in the driver’s seat and make sure the Yankees really knew a lot about comfort. Light leather interior and wood inserts, as a rule, look very harmoniously, and even after many years of operation are in excellent condition. Plastic front panel is really soft (finger pushes it almost to the phalanx) and pleasant to the touch.

Салон Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) '1999–2004

Interior Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004

In many reviews mentioned the high build quality and the lack of “crickets” even the cars produced in the last century. The same could be said front and rear Parktronic, cozy and comfortable wide seats with 10 adjustments, electrically operated, with memory settings and a heated… the Elbows comfortably lie down on the wide ledge to doors on the left and on the box between the seats on the right. Landing in the chair, and many owners note that the Grand allows you to leg it driving 1,000 miles without much fatigue. This is confirmed folding seats, cruise control with remote on the steering wheel control, dual zone climate control, auto-darkening rear view mirror, standard audio system CD controls on the steering wheel is trimmed in leather and wood, adjustable tilt steering column. Trip computer with compass and temperature sensor overboard will warn of the need to be serviced, will show immediate consumption and reserve fuel. Cup holders for front and rear passengers and automatic locking and unlocking of the doors will make life easier. In a dark time the vehicle holds a driver after the output beam of the headlights. In the end, there are two sockets for 12V and a separate cigarette lighter socket (you can charge several phones at once, connect DVD, reheat coffee, etc.), visors with mirrors and lights… beeps will tell you about unclosed doors, not the lights off, and keys forgotten in the lock, a low level in the washer fluid reservoir, coolant, etc. With the ignition off, the key lock is not removed, it is not put on the Parking – especially for the forgetful. In short, everything is thought out and convenient.

What is not business class? All for you, man. Enjoy! Regularly deal with the transportation of Luggage country? No problems, very roomy trunk. Separately opening tailgate glass allows to carry long loads. Fishing or long trip you can lay the rear seats and get a double room with air conditioning (however, the length of the flat sleeping area is 180 cm, and people with higher growth will have to mastitis diagonal). At the same time feeling that you are in the bus, still there, and the word “cozy” is found almost in every second opinion.

Hate #4: “This is outside its jurisdiction..”

Find out the good words about the handling of the Grand Cherokee WJ — it is necessary to try. In the best case will be written by people that you try to UAZ or Volga ride — then, they say, and understand what was happening. Well, in the first sensations of driving a really empty and lethargic, but after a week you get used to, and starts to seem that all life on the Grand went. But most often write that the car is very walky, and the wheel blank, so that on the highway while overtaking you have to constantly keep myself in good shape and ready to “catch” the car, and man, for the first time sat down behind the wheel WJ, immediately comes to mind the thought: “I do not understand is a car or a boat?”.

Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) '1999–2004

Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004

The owners describe how they initially scared how the car leaning in corners, and wondered what path he still retained quite clearly. Indeed, in many reviews it is noted that on the track “whack” is more than worthy and remains obedient even in conditions of complete ice. And yet we have to admit that the Grand Cherokee really does not know how to take the corners at cosmic speeds, so maneuvers in the style of the movie “fast and furious” — clearly outside its jurisdiction.

In addition, the owner of a used car may meet with such a phenomenon as “shimmy” — that is, the resonance of the front wheels. In principle, this disease is treated by replacement of silent blocks levers and stabilizer for polyurethane. Nothing complicated, but in six thousand it will cost… So someone even ready to call the Grand Cherokee WJ “car for a pensioner’s drive”: that automatic kick with a sharp press on the gas pedal, and in sharp turns you have to drive at a speed not higher than 40.

But on the road you’re the king, and the flip side felling pendants is the comfort when driving on rough roads.

Love #4: “the sounds of AC/DC”

But about how the car rides on a relatively straight track and overcome various obstacles, the owners speak purely positive. Of course, this primarily applies to versions with a V8 under the hood, but all the other options, too, know how to ride very quickly. A typical opinion reads as follows: “Despite its nearly two tons, the car bullet God forbid. The machine allows all. On the highway overtaking is not a problem. Cruise all a fairy tale. This is a car for free and direct road. In such circumstances, feel at ease, I want to open the front Windows and turn on KISS or AC/DC a little louder, gradually going to a point toward the horizon…”.

Jeep Grand Cherokee Overland (WJ) '2004

Jeep Grand Cherokee Overland ‘2004

However, many note that when starting on dry asphalt Grand breaks in spinning all four wheels, and then fries the envy of racers; the box provides smooth shifting, but on the road sometimes behaves strange: I want to go to overtake, you push the pedal, and the box does not switch down, but the car accelerates quite briskly, for this is enough reserve thrust. But when on the move crushed a piece of iron the way to the floor – then the machine is switched down by two notches and the car literally leaps forward, which can not lead to the delight of the Russian, which, as you know, loves speed.

Just do not forget that suspension Grand Cherokee’t too well with overclocking: the brakes are weak for a two-ton cannonballs, and the front calipers have a tendency not to rastormazivate, which naturally leads to overheating and damage to brake discs. This is especially true for WJ in earlier releases.

But ground clearance, the geometrical parameters, the presence of low transmission and locks, large stroke suspension and permanent all-wheel drive give a sense of permissiveness.

Of course, the greatest enthusiasm expressed by those who moved to the Grand with the automobile models. Those who, for one reason or another, had to climb on the road, you know that the Grand Cherokee not know how to dive into a bottomless abyss without proper training. It’s not a tracked ATV and not the BTR-80, not the Defender and not the Unimog, and in the normal condition, “Grand” is not able to compete in the cross with trophy-prototypes GAZ-66 and tracked equipment. But if the task is simply to drive wherever necessary, the car’s traction is limited mainly by the willingness of the owner to damage the paintwork.


Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004

However, if you come to mind a whim to build on the basis of “whack” apparatus for high-speed overcoming of the Karelian marshes, technically this is not precluded. American aftermarket will provide for the suspension lift, snorkel, and weight kit with subframe for mounting the winch. The only remark is worth all this is quite serious money. At the time I had a chance to test such a device, and I was just amazed by the fact that the entire rather complex offrono the route I took, staying in the same setting of incomparable comfort, which is the interior of this model, and which has already been described, and the speakers in the cabin blared some hard rock…

Alas, today’s regulations put an end to the possibility of driving on streets and roads in lipovanca car, so combat for the delivery of “Grand” to the place of its use you will need a trailer and another car…

Hate #3: “In accordance with the law of Chisholm”

It is clear that even the youngest WJ, released in 2004, will soon be 15 years and older car can not break down. The reason of breakage will be like “automotive gerontology”, and innate ailments peculiar model, so to speak, from birth. Let’s start with the engines.

Of these, the largest number of “red cards” earned a 3.1-liter diesel VM531. First, many complain that it is unpredictable (start — will not start), and secondly, the Italian motor has earned a reputation for being unreliable unit due to the fact, what has five heads, one for each cylinder that are supposed to be tightened every 10,000 miles. If this regulation does not comply, then be an uncontrolled leakage of oil, the level drops to critical values, and the engine “catches of the wedge” followed by capitally.

Earned his share of kicks and a German CRD (OM612), although the proportion of unlucky owners WJ with the same engine is substantially less. Although collective intelligence has classified Grand Cherokee 2,7 CRD to the number recommended for purchase, it is worth remembering that diesel is economical and inexpensive to operate exactly as long as does not break.


Engine Jeep Grand Cherokee Sport ‘2003-04

As for the petrol engines, in fact, they can be attributed to “the million cities” and the main related problems are the cooling system (although, of course, anything can happen). So well known to the owners of the problem is the failure of the relay the blower motor, as well as themselves sets it in motion motors.

With the failure of the electrical equipment is generally connected a lot of problems, the cause of which primarily is oxidation of the contacts. All this causes a lot of small failures in the electrics, cruise control, electric Windows…

And yet, upon inspection of the car you should carefully listen to the sounds coming from under the valve cover of the box. Knocks or grinding noises indicate a need to urgently attend to replacement of the lifters.

Of course, there are problems on the chassis. Because you have two bridges… So, they are buzzing all through one, even after the bulkhead and replace the bearings. Here you go you so happy, after repair, and the bridge again — and again buzzing, but not always, and only at 80 km/h. Many worries and deliver brakes: sour and wedge the pistons in the brake calipers.

Finally, a huge number of owners faced with the destruction of the valves responsible for dispensing warm air into the climate system. If their design was made a major technical blunder, when you jammed the machine, the valve is closed and the drive (apparently, designed for cranking a cold engine on a truck) just works without the cutoff and breaks the flap pieces in half. For this problem there is a simple solution: replace the flimsy plastic flaps on the aluminum always save you from headaches. However, the repairs will require significant investment: to replace valves you need to remove the front panel.

Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) '1999–2004

Jeep Grand Cherokee Overland ‘2003-05

In General, let’s be honest: the case histories of some Grand Cherokee WJ look like a sad story and have roughly the same volume. And what is worst of all, many of these breakdowns are really small! So any buyer of a used “big wide” it is worth remembering the law of Chisholm, which States that everything that can break — breaks, and all that can’t be broken, is also broken…

Love #3: “Iron.”

But not all so sad. In fact, a huge number of reviews among the most important advantages of the Jeep Grand Cherokee called WJ reliability and endurance. Yes, bridges are buzzing and have noticeable backlash, but in this condition they can still pass 50 thousand. Full recovery usually results in 25-30 thousand rubles, which, to be honest, in this case not so much.

Owners who know how to take a screwdriver and a wrench, I appreciate the constructive simplicity of this car. Really simple, not too messy and do not require special skills and tools operations you can do yourself: change air and cabin filters, brake pads, candles, lamps. It all depends on the desire, time and opportunities. Information online self-service with photos and recommendations is more than enough.


Interior Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2004

But the sloppiness and uncaring attitude “whack” does not forgive. In this respect it is typical of the situation with the bridges. Heard the roar, immediately called for service clearance adjustment, 5-6 thousand rubles. A little longer ride and got a replacement bearing main pair, and this is 15-20 thousand. Really launched the problem — and perhaps to replace a pair about 60 000…

However, many owners note that when you buy parts, there is a feeling that take them to the Lada. And it turns out that consumables and small parts are inexpensive, so a good host the “Grand” in dengosos is not converted, and will save on maintenance — will fly for serious repairs and there prices are serious.

And yet, many people praise the quality of the metal and paintwork. From vulnerable to corrosion spots in the reviews referred to as only the lower part of the doors and the inside of the sills.

Hatred #2: “a Small flashlight will light our path, hardly…”

Almost every opinion on the Internet there are complaints about the weak headlights, and complain about people in very harsh terms: “Middle light, we can say, no! Fog lights — Yes, there are, but the sense of them, too, no”.

Not too pleased with the regular xenon headlights picking Overland. However, the way out is to tuningware head light Grand Cherokee today is no problem.

2002 Jeep® Grand Cherokee Special Edition. (March, 2002).

Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) ‘1999-2004

Love #2: “This is the best music…”

How together owners blamed head light Grand Cherokee, as together they praised the sound. There are only two minuses: the radio though and has a convenient controls on the steering wheel, still developed two decades ago, so can’t read MP3 well, the radios imported from the United States car caught in the FM band only odd wave: that is, to 103.7 to hear this, but 103,4 anymore. So many owners change the head unit to a more modern, leaving factory-installed amplifiers and speakers.

But still the best sound in the car is the sound of the engine and exhaust. It sounds like the best music…

Hate #1: “to pay For everything…”

Well, the owners of the “Big Four” used to the fact that their pet is getting interest from others. The only thing that upsets them is that the most common question they hear sounds like “And how much he eats?”. Eats and WJ do a lot, although the exact answer to this question depends on the manner of driving and force when pressing on the gas pedal. Accordingly, the answers obtained are different. Pretty typical can be considered such indicators: routing at the speed of 90-100 km/h — 10.8 l/100 km, then every 10 km/h add approx 1 liter. In the city in winter (heating, tube, heating, lights) — 22,5-23,8 l, summer (jams) – 20,8 – 21,5 l, without mega-traffic jams — 16-18 L. However, for many fans of the “to give heat” and such figures are unattainable.

Jeep Grand Cherokee '1999–2003

Jeep Grand Cherokee ‘1999-2003

Those who know how to drive “American”, that is, calm and measured, saying that the fuel consumption corresponds exactly to the specified in the passport numbers, according to the onboard computer average consumption in Moscow is 16.2 to 16.4 l, and the mixed city/highway, a little over 12 liters.

According to the observations of the owners, according to the real costs of four-litre six and V8 differ very slightly, but the difference in dynamics and traction on the bottoms is still there.

In any case, the owner of the WJ should be ready for frequent visits to the gas station and not to grieve about flying to the exhaust pipe of the banknotes. However, there is another option and it is chosen by many owners: this installation of LPG equipment. In this case, the gas consumption is about 24 l/100 km in city and around 14 liters on the highway, and given that gas is cheaper than 92 octane gasoline at least a third of the owners are willing to put up with some loss of power, and with less autonomy on fuel.

Love #1: “the Charisma of a timeless classic”

Still, the main reason can motivate the person to buy a used Jeep Grand Cherokee WJ and, most likely, to spend on bringing it up an amount comparable to the original price, it’s not comfort and not dynamics. What’s important is not timeless signature style. It has some brutality and monumentality is the timeless classic Jeep. The model was 20 years old, but unlike many of his contemporaries, he is not perceived as archaic, and has bright charisma and recognition.

Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) '1999–2004

Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) ‘1999-2004

This is a car for free and strong spirit. It’s big enough for other members of the movement were noticed not only in the “currencies, like a madman,” and is compact enough in order not to experience problems with Parking, even in confined quarters. Dynamic enough to not feel like a snail on the road, and quite impressive, not to feel like a rider in the saddle enraged Bronco. It has enough maneuverability to not be afraid of winter snowdrifts, and at the same time, he does not provoke the owner to the assault the first of the swamp.

And complex consumer qualities there is a feeling that this is one of the best cars for the average person living in Russia. It seems that it was created specifically for our conditions with a single goal – to survive in the Russian hostile environment. One of the owners and expressed his opinion: “he’s more Russian than American.”


Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) ‘1999-2004

“Grand” is combining things that at first glance incompatible: comfort business-class and the maneuverability of the tractor, acceleration of a sports coupe and station wagon capacity, reliability of the tank and the cheapness of service runabout. Not handsome and not ugly, but what charisma! It is not a shame to drive up to a business meeting and we can flop in the village dirt. It’s everywhere to the point and around the Golden mean. He can safely ride, to wind up in any frost, to climb on the high curbs and Park in the snow, pull out the jammed cars of all classes, from the Porsche Cayenne to long-haul tractors, and, more importantly, to instill a complete unwillingness to cut or something to offend you in the flow. The word is a real cult car, and therefore own them, unlike many of the current “hits of sales”, will not be ashamed in 10, 20 years from now.

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New SsangYong Korando was released on the Korean market

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ssangyong korando

Ssangyong korando. Внешность была анонсирована ещё три года назад концептом SIV-2 и почти в том же виде дошла до конвейера. Создатели говорят, что руководствовались трендом Low & Wide — делали Korando широким и приземистым. Примерные размеры: длина — 4440 мм, ширина — 1860, высота — 1640, база — 2675.

Konstantin Bolotov, 1 hour ago. Photos: SsangYong

The appearance was announced three years ago, the concept SIV-2 and almost in the same form reached the conveyor. The creators say they were guided by the trend of the Low & Wide — did Korando broad and squat. Approximate dimensions: length — 4440 mm, width — 1860; height — 1640, the base — 2675.

Today in South Korea opened taking orders for SsangYong Korando fourth generation (C300). Yes, the SUV is still not really shown, the description is sketchy, and the prices assigned. Equipment Shiny on the “mechanics” is worth 22 160 000 won (1.3 million rubles), two pedal drive option Delight is estimated at 25 000 230 (1.48 million), the top version of the Fantastic requests 27 930 000 (1,64 million). Cars will appear at dealers in March.

Decorated fancy, but somehow too Asian. Decorations in place an integrated exhaust pipes baffles. Behind the storage door — 551 liter volume by the VDA (486 l).

Officially named only one engine — the “newly designed” diesel 1.6 (according to rumors, 136), “first in class”. Petrol brethren will represent turboservice 1.5 (supposedly 163 HP) or 1.2. If gamma motor so new and important that later it will divide the family of Tivoli. Mild hybrid and fully electric version will come out eventually.

In the top configuration is Blaze Cockpit. Here digital tidy diagonal of 10.25 inches and nine-inch Central display. Around the perimeter of put led lighting. About the materials yet nothing is said.

Have a six-speed “mechanics” and “automatic” alternative is not visible. All-wheel drive is expected, but the rate on the front. Autopilot “2.5” relies on cameras and radar cruise control, and is called Deep Control. Higher level of safety is provided by seven airbags, the auto brake, the monitoring of dead zones, markings, and so on. Full premiere of Korando for foreign markets, in theory, will be the fifth March in Geneva. On the Russian expanses brand SsangYong is conserved, so the hope for new Actyon — the phantom.


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Watching the transformation of a sedan Mazda 6 in bourgeois

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Mazda 6. «Механики» больше нет, а цены начинаются с полутора миллионов рублей за двухлитровый седан и от 1,68 млн ― за машину с мотором 2.5. Новый наддувный двигатель мощностью 231 л.с. увеличивает стоимость до 2,24–2,42 млн.

“Mechanics” is no more, and the prices range from half a million rubles for a two-liter sedan and from 1.68 million per car with the 2.5 motor. New forced engine capacity of 231 HP increases the cost to 2.24–2.42 million

In the autumn of the current Mazda 6 will celebrate their seventh birthday, whereas generation of the Sonata or Optima change once in five years or more. However, the “six” doesn’t just remain in the ranks, keeping in Russia in fourth place in the segment behind the iconic Camry and changeable Hyundai-Kia. She is in the third facelift, the deep and serious, however, latecomers to the us for a year relative to other markets. Looks almost untouched: front chrome “ate” fog lights, back ran for the lamps, upgraded rims. But the content…

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Mazda is in no hurry to turn the salon into a TV Studio: the display has grown by an inch. To make room for suede “cross”, reduced height air deflectors. The start button need to reach. Instead of black will now be dark brown interiors.

The interior is redrawn from edge to edge, including the front and the door panels, seats, instrument panel. The idea remained the same, and if the changes are intended to emphasize the rich decoration materials. In plain sight laid the array of synthetic suede. Although here they ask big mediadisplay or button secondary functions, hiding on the left behind the steering wheel. The new chair is also implanted chrome, but the wow-effect they cause. Simply convenient: the front appeared quiet ventilation, and the rear even more clearly molded under two. More practical than the Mazda did not.

From new chairs with a deep theoretical background (see the sidebar “Technique”), but the lumbar support is governed only by the depth and bolsters on the cushion too intense squeeze of the thigh. The armrest is small. Rear knee and head high rider still in contact with the car.

At the beginning of the conveyor of life we are praised for the harmony. Now competitive background has changed, and “six” were noisy and hard. I almost said, “as in the best years”, but not time to reflect. For the sake of acoustic comfort the floor of the truck and the power of the cross is made tougher, minimized gaps in the bodywork and finishing panels, added insulation (particularly on the ceiling), revised aerodynamics of the bottom. And coupled with noise absorbing glass front doors, it gives an impressive result: in the car quiet at any speed and at any rpm.

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Active cruise control we did not get up because of the reluctance of the Japanese supplier to be certified in Russia. I more regret that I do not have a speed limiter. The sound of the closing door finally became a noble.

However, the sedan seriously up: with motor 2.5 and over 140 kg. Therefore, the claimed acceleration time to 100 km/h declined by almost half a second, and the nominal fuel consumption in the urban cycle added almost half a liter per hundred. However, Mazda is still easier for Toyota or the Koreans for a few tens of kilograms. Engines Skyactive-G 2.0 and 2.5 has changed hardly: last added two horsepower (now 194), both slightly increased torque, especially in low revs. By the way, about a third of all sales of the “six” had to modification with more powerful engine.

Cartoon speedometer is easy to read due to darkening of irrelevant numbers. But the digital speed display gives only the projector on the windshield with too small characters (in versions from 1.8 million rubles). The media system has grown inferior cameras.

However, atmospheric versions of presentations are not presented. All the attention — the new 2.5 turbo engine with a power of 231 HP With it the sedan for another 38 kg heavier, but, thanks to the powerful thrust from the bottom, the dynamics is hefty and good accuracy of acceleration control is great. So that sportregion not change the settings of the throttle, but only adjusts the algorithm of the six-speed “automatic machine” — in particular, the “cutting off” the last two speeds. To the box of questions was not. Switching is not seamless, but if specially accentuated, the driver felt the connection with the machine.

Led headlights with washers and lights are even in the “base”, and in top trim levels, the light becomes adaptive. Front optics inside it is decorated with a glamorous “star dust”. Incandescent lamps front and rear left only for navigation lights starter.

Chassis is reconfigured dramatically. Aside from the obvious calibration of spring and damper under the increased mass, the Japanese are played by different stiffness of the bushings, buffers, design of compression and rebound and so on. The course was smoother and finer, bumps no longer “poke” fares, and “vykat”. But they are still a bit too much, and the suspension lacks intensity, especially on the compression stroke. The feeling that they were going to some kind of German “premium” with sportpaket, you can not refuse.

Appeared heating zone of peace wiper blade (by the way, the leashes are raised in any position) and automatic door locking when driving off.

Handling accurate and clear, but lacks a spark. Brunt of whether to blame or soft tread Nokian Hakkapeliitta winter nesipbek R3, but rulitsya this Mazda with a slight laziness and a certain vagueness of feedback at low rotation angles. Effect from the more rigid mounting of the steering mechanism and new electric power steering has no feel. In the limit most likely “German” drift front than flirting back mnogoryichazhka. The six stable on straight, rides securely, strongly and safely.

The new wheel design, and available in sizes 17 and 19 inches (see photo), with no intermediate options. A stowaway is a smaller outer diameter.

In General, the degree of driving sensations higher than Korean cars of Toyota. And to accurately determine the location of the modified Mazda in the class in terms of comfort, the necessary comparative tests. The main thing — the sedans have increasingly become a way to caress not so much the drivers ‘ ambitions, how much self-esteem. Updated Mazda to be a common trend.

In addition to the bumpers and mirrors there is a completely different trunk lid.

Another question — what are the General prospects of this segment? Look around: people increasingly prefer low and malpractice sedan with a small trunk With a crossover. In the line of Mazda, for example, the CX-5 seems more versatile and balanced purchase for the same money. Is that peppy turbo engine will work a lure for buyers of the top six. Since, the assurance of representation, it did not appear under the bonnet of the updated crossover in Russia.

Passport data

Mazda 6 2.0 2.5 2.5 Turbo
Body type sedan sedan sedan
Number of doors/seats 4/5 4/5 4/5
Length, mm 4870 4870 4870
Width, mm 1840 1840 1840
Height, mm 1450 1450 1450
Wheelbase, mm 2830 2830 2830
Track front/rear mm 1585/1575 1585/1575 1585/1575
Curb weight, kg 1522 1540 1578
Full weight, kg 2046 2057 2084
Trunk volume, l 429 429 429
Type petrol with direct fuel injection petrol with direct fuel injection petrol with direct fuel injection and turbocharging
Location front, transversely front, transversely front, transversely
The number and arrangement of cylinders 4 in a row 4 in a row 4 in a row
Number of valves 16 16 16
Working volume, cm3 1998 2488 2488
Max. power, HP/rpm 150/6000 194/6000 231/5000
Max. torque, N•m/rpm 213/4000 258/4000 420/2000
Transmission automatic, six-speed automatic, six-speed automatic, six-speed
Drive front front front
Front suspension independent, spring, McPherson independent, spring, McPherson independent, spring, McPherson
Rear suspension independent, spring, multilink independent, spring, multilink independent, spring, multilink
The front brakes ventilated disc ventilated disc ventilated disc
Rear brakes disk disk disk
Tires 225/55 R17 225/55 R17 225/45 R19
Ground clearance, mm 165 165 165
Performance characteristics
Maximum speed, km/h 207 223 239
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h, 10,8 8,2 7,0
Fuel consumption, l/100 km
— urban 8,4 (7,9)* 10,0 (9,1)* 10,7
— extra-urban cycle 5,5 (5,5) 5,6 (5,6) 5,9
combined 6,5 (6,3) 7,2 (6,9) 7,7
Fuel tank capacity, l 62 62 62
Fuel AI-95-98 AI-95-98 AI-95-98
* Skobkah the data for the versions with i-stop, and to modify the 2.5 with i — ELOOP.


Restyling is not the first time touched the suspension. At the front McPherson again increased diameter of the pistons, the valves changed and the buffer end. In addition, the increased gap between the buffer and shock-absorber rod. Changed the position of the spring and steering knuckle, upgraded stabilizer bushings and the steering mechanism with the amplifier reconfigured tougher attached to the subframe. A list of improvements like the rear mnogoryichazhka. In addition to the absorber and the supports of the stabilizer, changes have been made to the bushings of lower arms and upper pillow mounts. The purpose of this modification is the increase of the driving comfort or, in the words of a Japanese reporter, “smooth and linear driving characteristics”.

The degree of compression of both atmospheric engines SkyActiv-G is now equal to 13:1 (two-liter motor was previously 14:1). Junior Assembly added three Newton-meters at a constant 150 power, senior 2.5 ― two “horses” and two “Newton”. Reduced stunting traction when pressing on the gas pedal. The highlight of the 2.5 motor — condenser system of regeneration of electricity during braking and coasting i-ELOOP weight of 12 kg.

New in the range ― the 2.5 turbocharged engine with a compression ratio of 10.5:1 rated at 231 HP and an impressive torque of 420 N•m. Unit Skyactiv-G 2.5 T interesting Dynamic Pressure Turbo that simulates a turbine with variable geometry. There are two paths at the entrance to the turbocharger, one with a movable flap. Top right: at low engine speeds narrow channel accelerates the exhaust gases, increasing the rate of rotation of the impeller and the boost pressure. At the bottom — at the middle and high are both open channel. All the engines require gasoline of AI-95.

A six-speed “automatic” maslovskogo own production uncontested. Gear ratio motor 2.5 Turbo is a little close together, and the initial two-liter engine is shorter than the main pair.

The key idea of new seats is to position the basin vertically so having an S-shaped spine has occupied the optimal position. In addition, the pelvis must be fixed from moves to improve the feeling of the car. Then the man sitting behind the wheel, will be in the same dynamic equilibrium as you walk (right illustration). In English the pelvis called the pelvis, and for this pelvis mazdausa redrew the entire power structure of the seats, changed the profile and stiffness of the materials.

Behind the scenes

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Mazda always comes up with something. This time the test will pass in Vladivostok and Nakhodka devoid of snow due to natural anomalies. We managed not to be missed located in Vladik Maslowski plant. Invited from the shore of the sea of Japan program Manager of the project disappeared after the presentation, some technical questions were answered by the racer and brand Ambassador Boris Shulmeyster. In addition to the test drive I flew across the country to sfotkatsya on the background of the Pacific ocean and listen to the lecture “how not to get fat on mission” from former avtoparka, and now a fitness blogger Dmitry Putilina. The recipe is simple: we must eat less…


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The pilot and the Worker and the Grenadier: Soviet and Russian SUVs, not reached to the conveyor

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Here is the third article in a series about domestic cars of a single manufacturer. This time it is dedicated to the unknown prototypes-wheel-drive cars, the serial production of which, and especially the sale to private use of speech did not exist. At first they were a options army jeeps and rare off-road vehicles for agriculture, and soon after the Soviet collapse — polyamideimide version of future SUVs.

At the cradle of the domestic SUVs

Andistory of the Soviet civilian off-road four-wheel drive vehicles began soon after the great Patriotic war. Then in secrecy at the Gorky automobile plant was developed the project “Worker”, to create a light vehicle for use in rural areas. In October 1947 the name was assigned to the first prototype of GAZ-69-76 engine from “Victory” and vystupovanie in the back side of the hood reading “hard Worker.”

Experienced rural utility vehicle GAZ-69-76 “Worker”, 1947

Then came four more prototypes with semi-circular cut-outs in the awning for the side Windows, massive wings, simplified poludverki and grille. When the veil of mystery was lifted, “Worker” had become “artillery tractor wheeled light.”

A prototype all-wheel drive car GAZ-69, 1948 (from the archive of I. Paderin)

In 1954 in Gorky gathered three experienced all-terrain vehicle GAZ M-72 for “responsible workers of the Soviet village”. From a passenger “Victory” M-20 first issue was used reinforced bearing body with a radio receiver and hours, which added to the windshield washer. The transmission and drive axles borrowed from the GAZ-69. Soon, the plant began low-volume Assembly of the updated version of M-72 with the body and radiator shell from a model M-20V, but this event is beyond the scope of our article.

Passenger vehicle GAZ M-72 on the basis of the “Victory” M-20. 1954 (from the archive of I. Paderin)

A year later, a compact 35-strong “selhozmashin” GAZ M-73 in two variants with manual transmission from the car “Moskvich-402” and a wheelbase of exactly two meters — closed coupé and the rear trunk with the spare wheel on the lid and all-metal pickup. Drive axles and a private transfer case was performed on sample units for model M-72. The machine was successfully tested, but due to the overflow of Gas to establish their release failed.

Testing all-wheel drive passenger car GAZ M-73 (from the archive of I. Paderin)
Pilot pickup-the all-terrain vehicle GAZ M-73. 1955 (from the archive of I. Paderin)

In 1950-e years the most productive manufacturer of the prototype of the future SUV was the Moscow plant of small cars (MZMA). On it, in the framework of the creation of a Soviet jeep, three years have collected 11 (!) uniform all-terrain vehicles in four versions, with different bodies and assemblies from production vehicles, which are officially intended to work in agriculture. The first was the car “Moskvich 4x4” with a 35-horsepower engine from the passenger model M-402, hinged front window and the rear cross seat. Strangely, he was remarkably similar to the us jeep Willys MB times, lend-lease, and inherited from him the most options.

Rover MZMA “Moskvich 4×4” in the style of the American jeep. 1958 (from the archive research center at)

In 1959 MZMA on built five open 45-horsepower cars “Moskvich-415” on the units from M-410 in two versions and five hole versions of “Moskvich-416” trehgornyi all-metal body on a welded frame of channel iron side members which are more like rural traveling vehicles than the military jeeps. They weighed 1.2 tonnes and had a top speed of 106 km/h On the test car are unable to exceed the performance of the GAZ-69 and was rejected.


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